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32 terms

MAF120-whales

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historically when was whaling important to the new england economy?
18th, 19th, and 20th century
what was the name of the last US whaling ship?
wanderer
what did the international whaling commission establish in 1986?
moratorium whaling
which countries still engage in commercial whaling?
1.norway
2.japan-scientific hunting
what group of people hunted whales in the 9th century?
Basques
what were the whaling ports in massachusetts?
1. nantucket
2. martha's vineyard
3. dartmouth replaced by new bedford
4. barnstable
where were the other whaling ports in new england?
1. newport
2. providence
3. small ports in connecticut
4. south hampton on long island
regarding whaling what was the function of the general court?
the ownership
who were the Russells?
started a small whaling business in new bedford mass in second half of 17 hundreds
what were some of the uses of whale oil?
1 burning whale oil-lamps (betty lamps)
2. train oil
3. lubricant for machinery
4. manufactures of candles
what was the principal use of whale teeth and bones?
scrimshaw
what were some of the uses of whale baleens and bones?
hoopskirts, umbrella ribs, furniture springs
what is ambergris and what is it used for?
substance formed inside intestinal tract of whale-used to break down squid through intestinal tract--main use for fixing essences of perfume
where did foreign immigrants come from to work in new englands whaling industry?
japan, europe, west indies, pacific islands
where did the largest immigration population come from?
azores (island off nw coast of africa)
cape verde (off nw coast of africa)
what other industries were promoted by whaling?
1. shipbuilding
2. sail and cordage
on a whaling ship which crew members had their own cabins?
captain, cook, carpenter, cooper, harpooners
how long could offshore whaling trips last?
3-4 years
besides whale teeth and bones, what other materials were collected and used by whalers to create scrimshaw?
coconuts, seashells, walrus tusks, elephant tusks, tortuous shells
what is the cetacean suborder of the sperm whale?
adonacente
what is the cetacean suborder of the right whale?
mispacete
cookeries
a land-based facility which processed blubber
shallop
a small boat used by the pilgrims to harpoon whales
train oil
whale oil used to maintain leather
the cooper
a whaling crew member in charge of assembling and fixing the oil casks and other product casks made of strips of curved wood "staves" and rounded by hoops to grasp them
blubberhunters
a small boat (similiar to canoes) carried by whaling ships to hunt whales
greengun
a device that could shoot a harpoon
toggle
a harpoon with a retractile end
nantucket-sleigh-ride
when a small boat is towed by a whale after it has been harpooned (sometimes for hours)
tryworks
facilities aboard a whaling ship that allowed blubber to be processed (melted on the ship)
cracklings
pieces of blubber that did not melt that were used as fuel
spermaceti
the most valuable and best quality of oil, from the sperm whale's enormous head