33 terms

Ch. 18 Federal Court System

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dissenting
oppinion written by Supreme Court Justice if he/she disagrees with colleagues oppinion
federalism
This principle found in the constitution is shown in the United States Federal Court System because the courts are divided between the state and federal level.
writ of certiorari
case asked to be heard by Supreme Court because one believes a mistake was made in the first trial.
Magistrate
issues warrnats, hears evidence, sets bail, and sometimes tries minor offenders
Exclusive
cases that can only be heard at the federal level --patents, federal crimes etc...
Term of U.S. District Court Judge
life
District Courts
federal court that has only original jurisdiction over both criminal and civil cases
Judicial Review
power the court has to determine if a law is constitutional
appeal
asking Supreme Court to reverse the decision of a state court
Concurring
opinion given by Supreme Court Justice when he/she agrees with the opinion or decisions but has different reasons
jurisdiction
authority to hear a case
president
appoints U.S. Federal Judges
U.S. Attorney
prosecutes federal criminals in courts and represents the U.S, when it is the defendant
Judicial branch of the U.S. Government is in what article of the Constitution?
Article III
created the Surpreme Court along with the position of Chief Justice
The Constitution
Judges on constitutional courts are appointed for?
life
Most cases that reach the US Supreme Court come from?
highest courts or the Federal courts of Appeals
This can happen to a federal judge if behavior is determined to be inappropriate
impeached
established principle of judicial review
Marbury Vs. Madison
Jury used to indict "formally charge with a crime"
Grand
Chief Justice John Roberts, Clarence Thomas, John Paul Stevens, Antonin Scalia, Sonya Sotomayer, Stephen Breyer, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Anthony Kennedy. Samuel Alito
Name the 9 Supreme Court Justices.
plaintiff
person filing a case in court
defendant
person against whom a complaint in court is made
concurrent jurisdiction
cases in which state and federal courts have authority to hear
appellate jurisdiction
Courts of Appeal have authority to hear cases on appeal from another court
original jurisdiction
the first court to hear a case has this authority
criminal case
filed when a person violates a law
civil case
filed when a non criminal matter is in dispute
writ of certiorari
Supreme court orders a lower court to send it a case's record
majority opinion
explanation of the Supreme Court's official position
dissenting opinion
explanation of a Supreme Court's minority opinion
state courts
hear most criminal cases, contract cases, and cases involving family law
federal courts
hears cases that involve a law's constitutionality, disputes between states, and bankruptcy