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Biology Review: Invertebrates, Systems and Directions

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Fertilized egg
zygote
another name for tissue
germ layer
hollow ball of cells
blastula
group of cells performing specific function
tissue
plant eaters
herbivore
Sponges, sea fans, coral are examples of
filter feeders
meat eater
carnivore
eats decaying plants and animals
detritivore
95% of animals are
invertebrates
respiration through the skin
cutaneous respiration
another term for cavity
sinus
nervous system control system
brain
process of removing waste from body
excretion
what waste is removed by excrecion
ammonia
what organ removes waste from body
kidney
respiration by lungs
pulmonary respiration
heart muscle
cardiac muscle
skeletal muscle
muscle attatched to bones
muscle lining hollow organs
smooth
connects bone to muscle
tendon
list three types of connective tissue
tendon, ligament, cartilige
largest marine invertebrate
giant squid
nervous structures that respond to stimuli
receptors
nervouse structures that bring about change
effector
organism that has both male and female sex organs
hermaphrodite
example of an organism that reginerates
starfish, brittle star, worm
attatched to a surface
sessile
attatched to the ocean floor
benthic
blood always contained in a structure
closed circulatory system
opening in blastula
blastopore
an animal whose mouth forms from its blastopore is called a
protostome
an animal whose anus forms from its blastopore is called a
deuterostome
(meso, ecto, or endo) muscle
meso
(meso, ecto, or endo) skin
ecto
(meso, ecto, or endo) lining
endo
(meso, ecto, or endo) stomach
endo
(meso, ecto, or endo) lungs
endo
(meso, ecto, or endo) reproductive structures
meso
(meso, ecto, or endo) hair and nails
ecto
(meso, ecto, or endo) heart
meso
(meso, ecto, or endo) kidneys
meso
the arrangement of parts around a central axis
symmetry
type of annelid symmetry
bilateral
cnidarian symmetry
radial
concentration of sense organs at the head end
cephalisation
cephalisation is associated with what symmetry
bilateral
fluid filled space between organs and muscles
body cavity
animal without a vertebral column
invertebrates
study of the functions of organisms
physiology
term that means to eat
ingest
head end
anterior
tail end
posterior
back side
dorsal
front side
ventral
medial side
midline, lateral
closest to area of attatchment
proximal
farthest from area of attatchment
distal
Epithilial tissues are also known as
mucosa membrane
smallest invertebrate
dust mite
(meso, ecto, or endo) muscles, most of circulatory, reproductive, and excretory systems
meso
(meso, ecto, or endo) linings of the digestive tract and most of the respiratory system
endo
(meso, ecto, or endo) sense organs, nerves, and the outer layer of the skin
ecto