American Revolution, Ch. 4
Terms in this set (30)
The upcoming battle portrayed in Emanuel Leutze's painting was the Battle of
B. Bunker Hill
This person is the first known African American woman to publish a written piece of literature.
A) Oprah Winfrey
B) Harriett Tubman
C) Sojourner Truth
D) Phillis Wheatley
Women who aided men by carrying water to battles and cannon sites were known collectively by this term:
A. Pitcher Girls
B. Molly McGuires
C. Molly Pitchers
D. Heaven's Angels
Both John Locke and Thomas Jefferson wrote about the natural rights of man. In what document are these "unalienable rights" specifically mentioned?
A) the Bill of Rights
B) the Mayflower Compact
C) the Preamble to the Constitution
D) the Declaration of Independence
Which term best describes the idea that certain rights cannot be surrendered, transferred, or taken away?
Which of these played a role in the decision of the Second Continental Congress to declare independence from Great Britain?
A) the end of the Intolerable Acts
B) colonial victories at Saratoga and New York
C) George III's rejection of the Olive Branch Petition
D) George Washington's acceptance as head of the Army
At the Second Continental Congress, what was one of the slogans of the Patriots in their support of pursuing American independence?
A) "Long live the King!"
B) "No Salutary Neglect!"
C) "We Want Virtual Representation!"
D) "No Taxation without Representation!"
This person is known as the "Conscience of the American Revolution"; she wrote a history of the War for Independence. Who was she?
A) Margaret Casey
B) Sybil Ludington
C )Deborah Sampson
D )Mercy Otis Warren
The Patriots initially (in the beginning) chose to fight a defensive war due to the lack of munitions (weapons and ammunition). At which battle did this strategy change and the Patriots began an offensive war?
Great Britain is a better established nation.
Great Britain has a strong army and navy.
Great Britain can prevent chaos and mob rule.
All of these are arguments that supported the position of which of these people?
George III was the leader of Britain during
A)World War II
B)the Cold War
C)the American Revolution
D)the Spanish American War
"We desire you will hear and receive what we have now told you, and that you will open a good ear and listen to what we are now going to say. This is a family quarrel between us and Old England. You Indians are not concerned in it. We don't wish you to take up the hatchet against the king's troops. We desire you to remain at home, and not join on either side, but keep the hatchet buried deep."
—The Second Continental Congress, Speech to the Six Nations, July 13, 1775
Based on this speech, what did the American colonists want the Native Americans to do during the American Revolution?
A)fight the British
B)avoid taking sides
C)move to a safe place
D)fight for their own rights
*supported revolution against British control over the colonies
*believed that America should be an independent nation
*made up approximately 80% of the colonial population
What colonial-era group is being described by these facts?
the "King's Men"
In July of 1775 the Second Continental Congress drafted the "Olive Branch Petition." What was the purpose of this document?
A)to convince King George III to surrender
B)to attempt to avoid war with Great Britain
C)to negotiate an end to the siege at Boston
D)to let the world know the colonies were at war
The significance of Thomas Paine's Common Sense was that it
A)suggested economic reforms for the colonies.
B)suggested a plan of reconciliation with Britain.
C)outlined a logical approach to protesting against Parliament.
D)pointed out the absurdity of continued loyalty to King George III.
When this was published in early 1776, many American colonists became convinced that they should act to form a new kind of nation independent from the rule of Britain's "cruel" courts.
B)The Wealth of Nations
C)The Declaration of Independence
D)Declaration of the Rights of Man
"Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take; but as for me, Give me Liberty, or give me Death!"
- Said in Virginia House of Burgesses, March 23, 1775.
Who spoke these words that rallied the Virginia House of Burgesses to join the Revolution?
The battles of Lexington and Concord signaled
A)the emergence of the United States as a major world power.
B)the final French defeat in North America, which drove them from the continent.
C)the beginning of the Revolutionary War in the North American British colonies.
D)the final defeat of the British, in which Cornwallis had to surrender to Washington.
How did the French and Indian War contribute to the outbreak of the American Revolution?
A)Great Britain severely punished the American colonists for siding with the French during the war.
B)The harsh treatment of the Indians by the British angered the colonists and they fought to defend the Native Americans.
C)As a result of the French and Indian War, Great Britain raised taxes on the colonies, which led to widespread protests and boycotts of British goods.
D)The American colonists rebelled against Great Britain after the British sided with the French and Native American forces and attacked colonial settlements.
One of the central reasons for the military success of the United States in the American Revolution was
A)a well armed and well trained military force.
B)financial and military assistance from France.
C)substantial industrial production of armaments.
D)its navy was vastly superior the that of Britain.
The Battle of Yorktown is significant in the American Revolution because
A)the British Army surrendered after being surrounded there,
marking the end of fighting in the war.
B) It was there that the "shot heard 'round the world" was fired.
C) it marked the only time Washington was ever defeated in battle.
D) the British victory there succeeded in dividing George
Washington's Colonial Army into two parts.
The Treaty of Alliance was signed by France after the Continental Army victory at
C) New York.
The outcome at Saratoga was important because
A) it led to victory in the South.
B) it won the Americans a foreign ally.
C) it was the first major victory for the colonists.
D) it marked the end of British presence in the north.
· Commander of Continental Army
· Encamped troops at Valley Forge in 1777
· Lost Philadelphia to British in 1777
· Accepted British surrender at Yorktown
All of these are describing the actions of what personality of the American Revolution?
A) John Adams
B) Thomas Jefferson
C) Benjamin Franklin
D) George Washington
Foreign Allies During the American Revolution
• France, Spain, Dutch Republic
• Eventually declared war on Great Britain
What BEST completes the outline?
A) aided the Loyalists in fighting the Patriots
B) armed the Native Americans to fight the rebels
C) supplied the British with ammunition and weapons
D) contributed materials and supplies to aid the Patriots
D, E, A, B, C
Place the following events in chronological order (as they occurred).
A. Declaration of Independence
B. Battle of Saratoga
C. Battle of Yorktown
D. Olive Branch Petition
E. Battles of Lexington and Concord
Sybil Ludington was known
A. as being a second Deborah Sampson
B. as the female Paul Revere
C. as Molly Pitcher
D. for writing the a history of the American Revolution
---American independence recognized
---Boundaries of the U.S. extended from Great Lakes in the north to Spanish Florida and from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River
---U.S. granted access to the Newfoundland fisheries
---the U.S. Congress would pay its debts from the war and recommend property taken from Loyalists be returned
List the major agreements of the Treaty of Paris, 1783.
Lighting, pose, boats, period painted, flag, ice, woman, ...
Identify four inaccuracies of Emanuel Leutz's painting of Washington Crossing the Delaware. Be able to support your answer in an essay.
On the night of April 18, 1775, a force of 700 British soldiers left Boston inn search of a major colonial weapons cache rumored to be located in the town of:
A. Bunker Hill