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Terms in this set (20)
what would be reasoning for giving an opioid with anesthesia during surgery?
allows lower dose of general anesthetic
what is a drug that is subject to abuse by anesthesiologists?
who should ketamine be avoided in?
patients with history of psychiatric illness
the development of opioid dependence is rare or common when it is used for acute pain?
why should a patient not use warm packs on fentanyl patches
because it can increase the release of fentanyl
when starting to take glucocorticoid medication with metered dose inhaler your nurse should instruct you to
use spacer with inhaler and wash your mouth after each use
theophylline is a methylxanthine that provides benefits through
bronchodilation, used to reduce the frequency and severity of attacks
Which outcome should a nurse establish as a priority for a patient taking an oral glucocorticoid for long-term treatment of asthma?
supplements additionally doses at time of stress
Which statement should the nurse include in the teaching for a patient who is to be started on zileuton [Zyflo]?
Have your blood drawn once a month for the next 3 months so that your liver function can be checked.
Nebulized high-dose SABAs, such as albuterol, are administered to relieve
Which are advantages of a dry-powder inhaler (DPI) over a metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
-More of the drug is delivered to the lungs and less to the oropharynx.
-Use of a spacer is not necessary.
-Less hand-lung coordination is required.
-DPIs pose no environmental risk.
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
used to distinguish benign and malignant pulmonary nodule
Because malignant lung cells have an increased uptake of glucose, can demonstrate increased uptake of glucose in malignant lung cells
early manifestations of inadequate oxygenation
restlessness, tachypnea, tachycardia, and diaphoresis, decreased urinary output, and unexplained fatigue.
The patient is hospitalized with pneumonia. Which diagnostic test should be used to measure the efficiency of gas exchange in the lung and tissue oxygenation?
Arterial blood gasses
loud, bubbly noise heard during inspiration; not cleared by a cough
strained, high-pitched sound heard on inspiration caused by obstruction in the pharynx or larynx
low-pitched, soft sounds heard over peripheral lung fields
The nurse is performing a respiratory assessment for a patient admitted with pneumonia. Which clinical manifestation should the nurse expect to find?
increased vocal fremitus on palpation
ciliary action in tracheobronchial tree, resulting in impaired clearance of respiratory secretions and particles
An increased risk of pulmonary embolism is associated with
besity, malignancy, heavy cigarette smoking, and prolonged air travel with reduced mobility.
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