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the specified length of time served by elected officials in their elected offices


the regular period of time during which a legislative body conducts business

special session

an extraordinary session of a legislative body


to distribute among the States on the basis of their respective populations


to redistribute the seats in the House after each decennial census

single-member district

electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each office on the ballot


election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire governmental unit rather than by the voters of a district, a subdivision of that area


the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party of group

continuous body

governing unit such as the Senate whose seats are never all up for election at the same time


all persons represented by a legislator or other elected officeholder

oversight function

review by legislative committees of the policies and programs of the executive branch

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