Unit 4- Ancient Greece
Chapter 3 Section 3: Minoans, Aegean Sea, Knossos, King Minos, Phoenicians Chapter 4 Section 3: Cyrus, Cambyses, Darius, Satrap, Royal Road, Zoroaster Chapter 5 Section 1: Mycenaean, Trojan War, Dorian, Homer, Epic, Myth Chapter 5 Section 2: Polis, Acropolis, Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Tyrant, Democracy, Helot, Phalanx, Persian Wars Chapter 5 Section 3: Direct Democracy, Classical Art, Tragedy, Comedy, Peloponnesian War, Philosopher, Socrates, Aristotle, Plato Chapter 5 Section 4: Philip II, Macedonia, Alexander the Great, Darius III Chapter 5 Section 5: Hellenistic, Alexandria, Euclid, Archimedes, Colossus of Rhodes
Terms in this set (25)
an Indo-European person who settled on the Greek mainland around 2000BC
a war, fought around 1200BC, in which an army led by Mycenaean kings attacked the independent trading city of Troy in Anatolia
a Greek-speaking people that, according to tradition, migrated into mainland Greece after the destruction of the Mycenaean civilization
a long narrative poem celebrating the deeds of legendary or traditional heroes
a traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
greatest storyteller who was a blind man that composed epics sometime between 750 and 700 BC. he is most known for the Iliad and the Odyssey.
a Greek city-state-- the fundamental political unit of ancient Greece after about 750 B.C.
a fortified hilltop in an ancient Greek city
a government in which power is in the hands of a single person
a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
a government in which power is in the hands of a few people-- especially one in which rule is based upon wealth
in ancient Greece, a powerful individual who gained control
a government controlled by its citizens, either directly or through representatives
in the society of ancient Sparta, a peasant bound to the land
a military formation of foot soldiers armed with spears and shields
a series of wars in the fifth century B.C. in which Greek city-states battled with the Persian Empire
a government in which citizens rule directly rather than through representatives
the art of ancient Greece and Rome, in which harmony, order, and proportion were emphasized
a serious form of drama dealing with the downfall of heroic or noble character
a humorous form of drama that often includes slapstick and satire
a war, lasting from 431 B.C. to 404B.C. in which Athens and its allies were defeated by Sparta and its allies
a thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality
ancient Greek philosopher who encouraged his students to examine their beliefs by asking a series of questions to show people hold contradictory opinions.
Student of Socrates who wrote "The Republic" in it he set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society. He also funded a school called the Academy.
He was a student of Plato. He was a philosopher who questioned the nature of the world and human belief, thought, and knowledge. Invented a method for arguing according to the rules of logic. Later became the Scientific Method. his most famous student was Alexander the Great.
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