English 12 Fiction Terms

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Allegory
a story in which characters, places, and events stand for general qualities and in which the interplay of actions is meant to reveal a general truth, resulting in moral or philosophical statement via the story
Autobiography
a book about the life of a person, written by that person
Biography
a description or account of someone's life and the times, which is usually published in the form of a book or an essay
Caricature
a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others
Dialect
is spoken by definable groups of people from a particular geographic region, economic group, or social class
Diary
a record with descrete entries arranged by date reporting on what has happened over time
Dramatic Form
the stucture of a dramatic work such as a play or film
Epiphany
when a character suddenly experiences a deep realization about himself or herself
Fable
a succinct story, in prose or verse, that features animals, mythical creatures, plants, inaimate objects, or forces of nature which are autoropomorphized, and that illustrates a moral lesson
Fantasy
a genre that uses magic and other supernatural forms as primary element of plot, theme, and/or setting
Farce
a form of humor based on exaggerated, improbable incongruities dating back as far Commedia Dell'Arte
Frame Story
employs a narrative technique whereby an introductory main story is composed, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage for a fictive narrative or organizing a set of shorter stories
Historical Reference
when a historical event or person is reffered to in a literary work, as in an allusion
Legend
a narrative of human actions that are precieved both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude
Melodrama
a term applied to any literary work that relies on implausible events and sensational action for its effect
Mystery
a fiction synonym for detective or crime fiction
Parody
a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, author, style, or some other target, by means of satiric or ironic imitaion
Prologue
the opening speech or dialogue of a play
Epilogue
a piece of writing at the end of a work of literature or drama
Stream of Consciousness
Stream-of-Consciousness writing is characterized by associative leaps in syntax and punctuation that can make the prose difficult to follow
Story within a Story
a literary device or conceit in which one story is told during the action of another story
Monologue
an extended uninterrupted speech by a character in a drama
Dramatic Monologue
a type of lyric poem in which a character addresses a distict but silent audience imagined to be present in the poem in such a way as to reveal a dramatic situation
Interior Monologue
a narrative technique that seeks to portray an individulal's point of view by giving the written equivalent of the character's thought procssess, in connection to his or her actions
Soliloquy
a device often used in drama whereby a character relates his or her thoughts and feelings without adressing any of the other characters