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Arts and Humanities
Mild/Moderate Cross Categorical SpEd
Terms in this set (90)
Cutting shapes with scissors
Which of the following fine-motor skills do children typically develop last?
Compared with children without hearing loss, children born with hearing loss are more likely to experience significant delays in which of the following developmental domains?
Which of the following disabilities is degenerative and often leads to death in adolescence or early adulthood?
Compared to their peers, research indicates adolescent students with learning disablities are generally at greater risk for:
Difficulty applying newly learned skills to a different context
Students with mild intellectual disabilities tend to exhibit which of the following cognitive characteristics?
Understanding that the perspectives of others may be influenced by their background or circumstances
Which of the following social/emotional abilities typically appears for the first time during adolescence?
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)
Jordy is a toddler and had reached all developmental milestones with no other health concerns until recently. At 22 months of age, his parents have become concerned because Jordy has stopped using words he used to use frequently to identify objects and people. He no longer makes eye contact. These changes in Jordy's behavior are most similar to behaviors exhibited by children who have:
A fourth-grade student who has difficulty understanding conversational turn taking
Which of the following students is demonstrating characteristics most often associated with a pragmatic language disorder?
Staring blankly for a brief time
Which of the following symptoms is most characteristic of a typical absence seizure?
Constructing congruent geometric shapes on graph paper
A student has a disability that impairs both his understanding of spatial relationships and his perceptual-motor skills. Which of the following math tasks would likely pose the greatest difficulty to this student?
Increased ability to focus on academic tasks
Implement a behavior management strategy at home that complements her school behavioral plan
A middle school student with learning disabilities in reading and writing and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) recently began taking a prescribed stimulant medication. Which of the following behavioral changes should the student's special education teacher expect to observe?
Implement a behavior management strategy at home that complements her school behavioral plan
A student with a mild intellectual disability and an emotional impairment frequently becomes physically aggressive when frustrated. The most effective way for the student's family to support her social/emotional development would be to:
Giving Kendall a choice of two appropriate after-school activities that support her interests
Looking in the community for an activity that supports both Kendall's interests and students with developmental disabilities
Kendall is 11 years old and has a moderate intellectual disability associated with down syndrome. She is in a general education sixth-grade class and is supported by a paraprofessional throughout the day. At the most recent IEP meeting, Kendall's parents explained they are happy with Kendall's placement but would like to see her become more involved with social and leisure activities. Which of the following steps should the special education teacher take first in support of this goal?
Following multistep oral directions
A student with short-term memory deficits would likely have the most difficulty with which of the following tasks?
Communicate openly among themselves about the student's strengths and needs
A special education teacher is meeting with the parents and siblings of a student who will begin receiving special education services because of a TBI and an OI. To help support this student's ongoing learning and development, it would be most appropriate for the special education teacher to encourage the family to:
Summarizing a passage from a chapter book
A sixth-grade student with a learning disability in reading has difficulty understanding the meaning of words. This student is likely to experience the most difficulty with which of the following activities?
A high school student is prescribed an anticonvulsant medication to control a seizure disorder. Which of the following side effects is this student most likely to display as a result of the medication?
A student with spina bifida and wears ankle-foot orthoses (AFOs) every day to maintain stability. Which of the following complications is most likely to occur as a result of wearing AFOs?
Facilitating learning through an authentic experience
A special education teacher in a resource room has several students with specific learning disabilities in math who are frequently overheard complaining, "why should we try to learn this stuff when we'll never use it?" The special education teacher decides to develop a community-based activity with a local store owner in which students practice buying and selling merchandise. Which of the following best describes the role this type of activity plays in student development?
Increased thirst and frequent urination
A kindergartner with type 1 diabetes will be attending a general education class. The student's teachers should be aware that which of the following are common indicators of hyperglycemia?
A curriculum-based assessment
A standardized achievement test
A special education teacher would like to recommend instructional strategies to use with a fifth-grade student who has a learning disability in mathematics. Which of the following assessments would be most appropriate for this purpose?
Formal and informal tests in the student's primary language
A special education teacher is preparing to conduct an initial evaluation of an English language learner suspected of having a learning disability. To minimize bias most effectively, the teacher should administer:
The student's self-help and social skills
The student's ability to learn using assistive technology
A special education teacher is preparing to conduct an evaluation of a kindergarten student who has fragile X syndrome. An adaptive behavior assessment would provide the teacher with information about:
Conduct a mathematics formative assessment
Administer an individual achievement test in mathematics
A special education teacher would like to identify where a student needs instructional help in learning to solve mathematical word problems. The most effective strategy for the teacher to use would be to:
Identify the behavior and define it in observable terms
Conduct systematic observations of the behavior across school settings
A special education teacher will be participating in a functional behavior assessment (FBA) of a student who has recently become physically and verbally disruptive in class. Which of the following is the first step in conducting an FBA?
A student's strengths and evidence of progress that has occurred over time
A student's level of achievement compared to that of other students in the classroom
A portfolio assessment primarily provides an IEP team with documentation of:
Repeating oral directions as needed and providing frequent breaks during testing sessions
An IEP team is preparing to conduct a three-year reevaluation of a high school student with learning disabilities and ADHD. Which of the following strategies would likely be the most effective for the student's teacher to use when administering a standardized achievement test to this student?
It is difficult to use the test results to develop effective instructional strategies
It is difficult to select the point at which to begin administering the test items
Which of the following describes a limitation of using a standardized test with a student who has a learning disability?
A ceiling level has been reached
A special education teacher is administering an initial individual achievement test to a second-grade student. Which of the following best explains why the teacher should discontinue a subtest after the student makes four consecutive errors?
Incorporating Jane's current assistive technologies for oral and written communication
A special education teacher is preparing to assess the academic skills of Jane, an eighth-grade student who has spastic cerebral palsy and an intellectual disability. Which of the following testing accommodations would likely be the most appropriate for the special education teacher to use with Jane?
A special education teacher in an elementary school has been asked to assess a kindergarten student as part of the eligibility process for special education services. At the beginning of the first testing session, the teacher engages the student in conversation while they explore various objects in the room. The teacher's behavior best illustrates which of the following test administration procedures?
Assistive technology as identified in order to participate in the general education curriculum
A student with developmental delays and a significant visual impairment is entering kindergarten. This student's IEP must include a statement saying that the student will be provided with:
Create specific, measurable goals, and objectives for that student
The primary role of a special education teacher in developing a behavioral intervention plan (BIP) for a student with learning disabilities is to:
A general education classroom with push-in services
A student with muscular dystrophy and SLDs will be receiving special education services. Which of the following placements should be considered first when selecting the least restrictive environment for this student?
Which of the following items must be specified in the IEP for a student who is 16 years old?
The student's IEP must document the student's need for consistent accommodations
A fourth-grade student with disabilities will soon be participating in statewide achievement testing. Which of the following must be true in order for the student to receive testing accommodations?
The evaluation team must meet to determine whether the student has a disability that adversely affects the student's learning
Which of the following must occur after a comprehensive individual evaluation in order for a student to receive special education services?
Provide tokens immediately after students demonstrate a targeted behavior
A special education teacher in a middle school wishes to establish a token economy system with the students in his self-contained classroom. Which of the following guidelines would be most important for the teacher to follow in helping ensure this system's effectiveness?
Working with students to create a list of five to seven positively stated classroom rules and using modeling to teach students the behaviors reflected by these rules
A new special education teacher will be working in a self-contained classroom with elementary students. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use in creating classroom rules?
Ensure that the general education teachers understand the student's communication needs and accommodations for meeting those needs
A middle school student with LDs and moderate bilateral hearing loss who wears behind-the-ear hearing aids will be attending general education classes throughout the school day. A special education teacher will be serving as a consultant to the student's general education teachers. To promote the student's success in the general education setting, the special education teachers first step should be to:
Working with the general education teacher to modify activities so that the student can participate to the best of his ability
At a recent IEP meeting, it was decided that a second-grade student with a moderate ID associated with down syndrome will attend general education classes for two hours twice a week. Which of the following approaches would be the most effective for a special education teacher to use in facilitating the student's integration into this new setting?
Meet with the students to discuss why they have been arguing and discuss possible solutions
A special education teacher has noticed an increase in verbal arguments between two middle school students in his self-contained class. The teacher is concerned that the student's arguments will escalate into a physical altercation. Which of the following steps should the teacher take first in an effort to prevent this behavior from escalating?
Collaborate with other team members to establish a crisis intervention plan
A new special education teacher will soon begin working with a class of high school students who have emotional impairments. Several of the students have a significant history of physical aggression. Which of the following steps would be most important for the teacher to take in preparing for the upcoming school year?
Identify in measurable terms the specific behaviors expected of the student
Create a visual or auditory prompt to cue the student before a new task
A fourth-grade teacher asks the special education teacher to recommend a strategy for helping a student with an emotional impairment make transitions between academic tasks. The most appropriate initial response from the special education teacher would be to:
Planning activities in which Dakota's own efforts bring success
Providing tangible rewards from teachers and support staff throughout the day
A special education teacher recently noticed that one of her students, 12-year-old Dakota, has lost motivation in classroom activities and lessons. What strategy would likely be the most effective for the teacher to use in creating a stimulating learning environment for Dakota?
Students have unique strengths and needs that form the basis for individualized instruction
A special education teacher is most likely to have a positive effect on the education of students with disabilities by recognizing that:
Allows the modification of features such as instructional level and presentation speed
When selecting software to supplement math instruction for students with LDs in mathematics, a special education teacher should look for software that:
A student writes KR and tells his teacher that it says "car"
Which of the following behaviors best indicates that the student has begun to gain an understanding of letter-sound relationships?
Helping the student choose pictures of favorite people or objects to create an alphabet book
Involving the student in a variety of gross- and fine-motor activities that reinforce letter shapes
A student with a mild intellectual disability can recite the alphabet and recognize all the letters individually. The student also recognizes several sight words. However, the student does not yet understand the alphabetic principle. Which of the following activities would best promote the student's development in this area?
Visualizing the structure of knowledge
Teaching students with learning disabilities how to use concept mapping in content-area assignments would likely be successful because it develops which of the following academic skills?
Teaching him to use comprehension strategies such as activating prior knowledge, self-questioning, and concept mapping
A student with a reading disability has trouble retaining information from content-area texts. He tells his special education teacher that even though he understands the content when he is reading, he often has difficulty recalling or explaining it afterward. The special education teacher could best help the student by:
Create a matrix that shows how the targeted skills can be integrated into the student's various classes and activities
A special education teacher in a middle school resource room works with a student who has a mild-to-moderate intellectual disability. The teacher wants to help the student maintain and generalize functional academic skills across the school environment. Which of the following steps would be most important for the teacher to include when creating a plan to support this goal?
Ask Alyssa to explain why particular pieces deserve to be included in the portfolio
A special education teacher words in a resource room in a middle school teaching English language arts. She would like to support one of her students, Alyssa, who has an emotional impairment, to create a showcase portfolio of her writing from class. Alyssa will choose her best pieces of work in collaboration with her teacher. How could the teacher best use this process as an opportunity to promote Alyssa's self-assessment skills?
Recommending Melissa use an overlay device that enables her to focus on targeted sections of the text
Telling Melissa to point with a finer to each word as she reads to facilitate her transition from one line to the next
A general education fourth-grade teacher consults with a special education teacher, Ms. Jaffrey, about Melissa, a student in class. The general education teacher explains to Ms. Jaffrey that she has noticed that Melissa has difficulty tracking text as she reads. The general education teacher states that Melissa does not have difficulty decoding and reading text. However, when reading aloud, Melissa often rereads lines she has just read and loses her place in the text. She also skips lines of text and becomes confused and frustrated. Which of the following accommodations should Ms. Jaffrey suggest Melissa use to help compensate for her perceptual deficit?
Explaining the concept using familiar examples from the students' own experiences
A special education teacher works twice a week with a small group of students with learning disabilities. The teacher wants to promote the student's understanding of concepts that apply across subject areas. Which of the following would be the teacher's best approach for introducing such a concept?
Showing the student how to use a graphic organizer to link each new vocabulary word with known words
A special education teacher in a middle school resource room is working with a student who is having difficulty retaining new vocabulary words in various subjects. Which of the following strategies would likely be most effective for the teacher in use in this situation?
I noticed that you remembered to take a deep breath and speak calmly to your friend when you didn't want to play anymore
A special education teacher has been teaching a second-grade student strategies for reducing the student's negative language towards others. Which of the following would be the most appropriate feedback for the teacher to give the student on a day when the student has used the strategies successfully?
Ensure that pictures on the student's communication board are updated as necessary to represent changing wants and needs
A kindergarten student with cerebral palsy communicates primarily through the use of a simple communication board. The board contains spaces for up to 12 pictures that can be easily removed or changed. At the beginning of the school year, the special educator and the student show the student's other teachers and classmates how to use the board to communicate with the student. Which of the following additional steps would be most important for the special educator to take in helping ensure that the student is able to communicate effectively throughout the school year?
Having the student evaluate how successful he was in using the strategy
Providing the student with a tangible reward of his choice for using the strategy
A special education teacher has been working with a fifth-grade student on reducing the student's anger toward peers. The student knows that when he starts to become angry in a situation, he should silently count to ten and implement a learned strategy. After the student has encouraged such a situation, it would be most beneficial for his teacher to follow up by:
Teaching the whole class basic signs by consistently integrating signs into lessons and activities
A kindergartner with multiple disabilities speaks a few words but primarily uses gestures and sign language to communicate. Her special education teacher wishes to promote the student's ability to communicate more effectively with peers in the kindergarten classroom. Which of the following teacher strategies would best address this goal?
Giving the student frequent visual and verbal cues about the time allotted for each activity
At the beginning of the school year, an elementary school student with special needs is having difficulty transitioning from one activity to the next within her classroom. The special education teacher must ask several times for the student to switch activities before she complies. Which of the following strategies should the teacher use first in addressing this behavior?
Providing opportunities for students to receive training at a desired job location while still in school
A special educational teacher works with high school students, many of whom wish to obtain a job after graduation. Which of the following is the most effective way for the teacher to promote the students' successful transition from school to employment?
Break down the task of making a sandwich into a series of smaller tasks
Show the student pictures of various types of sandwiches in an easy-to-read cookbook
A special education teacher will be teaching a middle school student with down syndrome how to make a sandwich. Which of the following would be most effective first step for the teacher to take in addressing this goal?
Providing opportunities for the student to visit the high school and meet with staff who will be directly working with him
Which of the following strategies is likely to be the most effective in promoting a successful transition from middle school to high school for a student with special needs?
Arranging for students to attend meetings and events of civic organizations that are of interest to them
A high school special education teacher would like to increase her students' participation in civic activities. Which of the following strategies is likely to be most effective for this purpose?
Have dietary restrictions due to cultural or religious beliefs
A special education teacher works in a self-contained elementary school classroom with students who have moderate intellectual disabilities. The teacher is planning a series of lessons on nutrition that include having students prepare and taste a variety of foods. In addition to asking students' parents/guardians about any possible food allergies, it would be most important for the teacher to find out whether any students:
Students will begin to learn basic money management skills necessary for becoming independent adults
A middle school special education teacher provides students in her resource room with copies of checkbook registers with a balance of $50, fake checks, and $30 in play money. The teacher then gives the students several grocery store sale fliers and asks them to make lists of items they need and want. Students pay for the items with their money as they choose and then discuss their purchases. This activity would benefit the students primarily in which of the following ways?
The state department of vocational rehabilitation and local service agencies that provide training or direct services and support with various living arrangements
A high school student with multiple disabilities is preparing to make the transition from the school setting to adult life. Which of the following resources would typically play the most significant role in facilitating this transition?
Administering a vocational assessment to better identify the student's strengths and needs in relation to various jobs
Having the student write a statement regarding a job that interests her and the skills she believes she needs to be successful at that job
At an IEP meeting, a 15-year-old student with moderate ID has expressed a desire to find a job after high school. Her parents are concerned that she will require a great deal of assistance in preparing for and obtaining a job that meets her skills and interests. Which of the following strategies should the special education teacher use first to assist the student in determining the type of employment most suitable for her?
Work for the student to create strategies for the student to use to protect herself when she recognizes the physical symptoms that indicate she will soon have a seizure
A high school student who has a LD and epilepsy tells her special education teacher that she occasionally has physical symptoms before experiencing a seizure. Based on this information, it would be most important for the teacher to:
Discussing with the student how to self-identify at the college's office of disability services
A student with a moderate LD in reading will be attending college in the fall. The student tells her special education teacher that she is concerned that her college classes will be too difficult. Which of the following strategies would likely be the most effective for the teacher to take to help this student make a successful transition?
Participate in the development of their child's IEP
According to the IDEA, the parents/guardians of a school-aged child with an identified disability have the right to:
Meeting all of the requirements of the IEP regardless of the cost
Arranging for the student to receive services in another school district
The IEP for a student with multiple disabilities includes services from four different therapists, daily nursing care, and a one-on-one paraprofessional. School administrators state that they do not have enough funds to provide the services outlined in the student's IEP. which of the following best describes the school district's legal obligation in this case?
Obtain written permission from the student's parents
A community-based psychologist contacts a middle school student's special education teacher and requests access to the student's school records. Which of the following steps should the teacher take before granting access to these records?
Section 504 of the vocational rehabilitation act
An ELL with an OI does not qualify for special education services but requires physical accommodations to participate in school activities. Which of the following federal laws requires that an accommodation plan be developed for the student?
Eleven-year-old Abby is diagnosed with oppositional defiant disorder and exhibits frequent tantrums at school
Which of the following students would likely be placed in a more restrictive environment?
The potential for bias in the assessment process
Which of the following factors has historically contributed most to the overrepresentation of students from some culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds in programs for students with dis abilities?
Whether the student's disability played a role in the incident
A manifestation determination hearing is taking place to decide whether a high school student with a disability should be suspended after hitting another student during gym class. According to federal law, which of the following must be considered during this hearing?
Leaving a copy of a student's IEP in plain view on her desk during class
Which of the following actions by a special education teacher would be considered a violation of a student's confidentiality rights under FERPA?
Helping students become more independent as learners
Which of the following describes the greatest effect that word-prediction and voice-activated software have had on the education of students with physical and/or sensory disabilities?
Working with the general education teacher to incorporate life skills into the student's daily routine
A fifth-grade student with a moderate ID attends a general education class. This student receives push-in academic instructional support from the special education teacher for literacy and math. The student has several individual goals related to functional living skills. Which of the following would be the most effective way for the special education teacher to collaborate with the fourth-grade teacher in promoting the student's achievement of these goals?
Students will be able to practice self-determination by advocating for their learning needs and goals
Which of the following is the primary benefit of involving high school students with disabilities in the planning of their own academic programs?
Occupational safety and health administration
A special education teacher needs to learn more about universal precautions to use in the classroom to avoid blood-borne infections. Which of the following organizations would be the most appropriate resource for this type of information?
Videotaping a lesson and critiquing it using a checklist
Which of the following strategies would provide a special education teacher with the most objective method for analyzing his or her instructional effectiveness?
Maintaining a teaching portfolio
Mr. Mosses has been teaching special education for three years. He would like to evaluate his own long-term professional growth as a special education teacher. Which of the following strategies would likely be the most effective for Mr. Mosses to use for this purpose?
Lets develop lessons that address the speech-language goals and the curriculum for each student
A special education teacher co-teaches in a second-grade classroom. Several students with disabilities also receive services from a SLP through pull-out individual and small group instruction. The special education teacher would like to create a co-teaching model with the speech therapist to meet the students' needs. Which of the following suggestions by the special education teacher would likely be most effective for this purpose?
Tracing their own backgrounds, values, and traditions
Researching current studies on educational diversity
Which of the following activities would likely be the most effective for special education teachers to take to help them begin to identify their own cultural biases?
Review together each student's IEP and discuss the paraprofessional's role in the implementation of each IEP
A middle school special education teacher in a self-contained classroom is assigned a paraprofessional. The most effective way for the teacher to collaborate with the paraprofessional in meeting the students' learning needs is to:
Meet with the general education teacher to show samples of the student's prior work that reflect her capabilities
A middle school student with a LD in written expression has recently made a transition from the resource room to the general education classroom for language arts instruction. While monitoring the student's progress, the special educator notices that the student's performance has declined while attending the general education class. Despite this performance, the general education teacher has given the student above-average grades. The special educator's most effective response would be to:
Explain which parts of the unit activities will pose the most difficulty for each student
A high school mathematics teacher will be teaching a class that includes several students with learning disabilities in math. In preparation, the special educator has collaborated with the math teacher in developing instructional activities for an upcoming math unit. Which of the following steps should the special educator take next in collaborating with the math teacher?
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