56 terms

Social Work Licensure

For the preparation of LCSW study
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Kohlberg
Stages of moral develoment: Pre-conventional, Conventinal, Post-conventional
Pre-conventional
Children; (1) Obediance and Punishment Orientation; (2) Self-interest orientation
Conventinal
Adolescents and Adults; (1) Interpersonal accord and conformity like social norms and good girl/bad girl attitude; (2) Authority and Social Order "because its the law"
Post-conventional
(5) Social contract orientation; (6) Universal ethical principles
Piaget
Stages of Cognitive Development: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, concrete operational, formal operational
Sensorimotor Stage
Infancy: Simple reflexes, first habits and circular reactions, coordination of secondary circular reactions, tertiary circular reactions, curiosity, internalizaion of schemas
Preoperational stage
Toddler and Early child-hood: magical thinking, moves from strong egocentrism to weaker form, acquisition of motor skills, no logical thinking
concrete operational stage
Elementary and Early Adolescence: no longer egocentric, logical and very concrete thought
Formal operational stage
Adolescent and Adulthood: development of abstract reasoning
Deductive reasoning
reasoning in which a conclusion is reached by stating a general principle and then applying that principle to a specific case (The sun rises every morning; therefore, the sun will rise on Tuesday morning.)
Inductive reasoning
deriving general principles from particular facts or instances ("Every cat I have ever seen has four legs; cats are four-legged animals").
Tarasoff case
Duty to warn if: 1. a serious threat of physical violence is made. 2. the threat is made to a specific individual. 3. the threat is made in context of clinician-patient relationship
echolalia
automatic repetition of vocalizations of another person's words
echopraxia
automatic repetition of movements
Nominal
1st level-uses labels for simple categorical data. Only mode present
Ordinal
2nd level-1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th; bad, medium, good. IQ is an example. Only mode and median present.
Interval
3rd level-The zero point is arbitrary and there are negative values. Celcium temperature is an example. There is a mode, median, and mean.
Ratio
4th level-Zero means "none". Mass, length, time are examples. Kelvin temperature has a zero point.
human maturation
How well one masters specific life tasks
Personality Disorders Cluster A
odd: paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal
Personality Disorders cluster B
dramatic: antisocial, borderline, histrioic, and narcissistic
Personality Disorders cluster C
anxious: obsessive/compulsive, avoidant, and dependent
Personality Disorders NOS
sadistic, self-defeating, depressive, and passive-aggressive
Rorschach
Personality Testing; Concepts: Ink-blot, projective test; Study Basics: "Psychodiagnostics: A diagnostic test based on perception."
TAT
a projective technique using black-and-white pictures
WAIS
(Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale) Verbal & performance scores. Most widely used intelligence test today
Rosenthal effect
Tendency for results to conform to experimenters expecations unless there are safe-gaurds for human bias
reactivity
when people know they are being watched they act differently than they normally would. They may do things they wouldn't normally do.
experimenter expectancy
form of reactivity; when researchers bias causes them to unconsciously influence the participants of a study
coprolalia
the use of obscene words involuntarily
palilalia
repetition or echoing of one's own sounds or words
Tic Disorder Transient
Greater than 4 weeks but less than 12 months
Tic Disorder Chronic
Greater than 12 months
B.I.R.P. Notes
Documenting Client Progress: Behavior, Intervention, Response, Plan
S.O.A.P Notes
Documenting Client Progress: Subjective, Objective, Assessment, Plan
Freud, S.
Personality formed by age 5 during phallic stage. Children develop morality by identifying with same sex parent. This develops the superego.
Kurtosis curve
a skewed distribution
Probability of .02
2 times out of 100 you will be wrong. 98 times you will have hypothesized correctly.
Statistical Significance .05
educated quotient. the research standard is usually set at this point. "5 times out of 100 you will be wrong".
ANOVA
analysis of variance. F test. compares the means of 2 groups. Parametic test.
t test
compares means of two groups. Parametric test.
Pearson's Rho
compares association or correlation between 2 groups. Parametric test.
chi-square
compares the observed value with the expected value. nonparametric test.
Spearman Rho
a nonparametic correlational
Negative feedback
takes family back to a comfortable balance and maintains homeostasis.
Positive feedback
pushes family into the changes and away from homeostatic state. Allows for a more functional family balance to emerge.
non-summativity
family has an identity of its own and is more than the sum of its parts
entropy
the natural tendency to move towards disorder and disorganization
Equifinality
The same result can come from different causes
Equipotentiality
One cause can produce different results
Father of family therapy
Ackerman: psychoanalytic approach, insight oriented
Satir and Whitaker
communications and family sculpting. faulty communication is caused by low self esteem.
Bowen
Extended family systems that are current and intergenerational. Genograms and ecomaps
Minuchin
Structural family therapy. If you improve the process then you improve the family. Uses direct confrontation and prescribing the symptom.
Haley
Strategic family therapy. therapist joins the faily and forces them to respond differently to situations. Utilizes communication theory, systems theory, and behaviroism.
Communications theory
It is impossible not to communicate. Palo Alto group. Uses behavioral model where the behavior is communication.
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