38 terms

The Odyssey Part 2


Terms in this set (...)

Who tells Odysseus to disguise himself when he returns to Ithaca?
Why does Athena disguise Odysseus?
so the suitors don't kill him so they can marry Penelope
What is Odysseus' disguise?
poor begger
Who is Eumaeus?
He is the swineherd. He is faithful to Odysseus.
What is the relationship between Telemachus and Eumaeus?
Eumaeus is a father-figure for Telemachus.
Is Eumaeus very loyal to Odysseus?
What does Athena warn Telemachus of as he returns home?
The suitors in his house want to kill him
Why do the suitors want to kill Telemachus?
Because he is heir to throne; they want the throne.
How long has Odysseus been away from Ithaca?
20 years
What does Athena do to improve Odysseus' appearance when he prepares to tell Telemachus who he is?
She makes him appear young and strong again.
How do Telemachus and Eumaeus treat the begger?
With honor and respect - as Zues expects according to his laws of hospitality.
When Odysseus is changed from a beggar to a younger, stronger man, how does Telemachus react?
He thinks Odysseus is a god.
Who is Argos?
Odysseus' dog.
How does Odysseus react when he sees Argos?
He cries, but he cannot go to Argos without revealing who he is to Eumaeus.
Why doesn't Odysseus help Argos?
He doesn't want to give away his disguise
What does story of Argos represent?
How does Penelope treat the old begger?
very well
What does this show about Penelope?
She follows the laws of hospitality
Why doesn't Odysseus reveal who he is to Penelope right away?
He wants to be sure she is faithful and still loves him
What is 1st deal Penelope makes with suitors?
when she finishes weaving blanket, she'll pick a suitor
How is her plan a trick?
every night, she unweaves her blanket
What is final test Penelope gives to suitors?
Whoever can string Odysseus' bow and then shoot it through 12 axe handles, she will marry that suitor.
Why does Penelope give this task?
She believes it is an impossible task, and it will buy her some more time from having to select a suitor to marry.
How does Penelope react when holding Odysseus' bow?
She cries and misses Odysseus
Who does Odysseus reveal his identity to right before the bow-contest?
Eumaeus and Philoeteus
Why does he reveal himself to them?
He needs to know if they are faithful to him.
What is Odysseus' plan to beat the suitors?
Take the suitors' weapons, then lock all of the doors so that the suitors are trapped.
What is ratio of good guys to suitors while in room?
4 vs. 100
How do suitors react when Odysseus wins Penelope's "Test of the Bow."?
They are shocked.
Why do they act this way?
They believe the beggar just got lucky.
Who is Antinous?
The ring-leader.
What happens to Antinous?
Odysseus kills him
How does Odysseus kill Antinous?
While Antinous drinks wine, Odysseus shoots him in the neck.
Who is Eurymachus?
The other ring leader. He tries to bribe Odysseus and convince him that Antinous made the suitors act the way they have been.
What does Penelope do when Odysseus tries to tell her who he is?
She tests him
What is Penelope's test for Odysseus?
She tells maids to move her bed into the hallway to see if Odysseus knows their secret.
What is the secret of the bed?
One of the bedposts is actually the trunk of an olive tree, still planted in the ground. The bed cannot be moved without cutting the tree down.
Who knows the bed secret?
Only Odysseus and Penelope