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Terms in this set (32)
What was one of the most enormous social transformations in human history?
the end of the agrarian age, industrial revolution
What two things did many families no longer have as a result of this "industrial revolution"
daily food from own land
inherited roof over their heads from families
What three things did people of this time now become dependent on?
avaibility of jobs
their own initative
What does "propagandized" mean?
baised advertizing, misleading
What two radically opposed "social ideas" were propagandized during the 1800s (19th century) after the industrial revolution began to drastically change societies around the world?
socialism of Marx
Radical Individualism of Bentham & Mill
What did Pope Leo XIII understand as far as "social order" was concerned at the time?
new times demand a new response
Up until the time, what was the most intimate and central institution for handing down the Catholic faith to the next generation?
What did Leo XIII think would be required for the new times ahead because of this social revolution that was happening all around the world?
new institutions & virtues amoung individuals
What three things did Pope Leo fear that he saw coming to socieities as the world began to change?
futile and false idea of equality
What kind of hopes did many "intellectuals" of Leo's time as well as intellectuals later on have about socialism (which proved to be very deadly in the 20th century)?
Until the industiral revolution began to reshape the world, what fact taken as being "normal" which, in turn, generated no urgency to solve the problem of poverty in the world?
the vast majority of the world was very poor
What five things identidied as new as the age of industrilization began to take shape?
growth of urban areas
inventions & discovery led to rapid increase in manufacturing
spread of small factories
decline in primacy of agriculture
What new source of power and transportation led the way for the decline of the adrarian society?
What did Pope Leo see that he feared would put the future of the Church at stake?
all members of the family were working
What did Leo see at this time that no other Pope before him could?
that new wealth was being created not on farms but more in industry
What was happening in Europe for the very first time?
poverty was seen as a disgrace
What did Karl Marx overlook about poverty resulting from unprecendented wealth that was being created by capitalism?
the widespread movement out of poverty in America
What else did Marx fail to grasp about the capatalist generation of new wealth (that was happening in the US)?
new wealth was created from the bottom up
What did Pope Leo feel was a normal moral obligation for socieites to do as they began to create more and more wealth due to industriliazation
provide material & external help for the poor
If the ideas of socalism were put into effect, who did Pope Leo say would be the first to suffer?
What made Pope Leo's reflections on socalism so remarkable?
neither the soviet untion nor any other example of modern socalism existed
What three things did the Pope say would make socalism unjust for people under its control?
rob the lawful posessor
disort the functions of the state
create utter confusion in the community
What three things did the Pope say socalism would open the door to?
What did Leo say would happen to the sources of wealth that was being created industrialization if socalism were to be instituded and why?
they would run dry for no one would have any interest in exerting his talents or his industry
List the 13 things that Pope Leo XII encyclical (letter) say that socalism is evil and doomed to failure: (know 6)
a) works upon the poor man's envy of the rich
b) strives to do away with private property
c) contends that all property should become the property of the state
d) robs the lawful possessor of what is his natural right
e) expands without clear limits the function of state
f) causes confustion in the community
g) strikes at the interest of the wage earned by depriving him
h) destory's poor man's hope of bettering his condition in life
i) places man on same level as animals
j) placing the state first
k) commits injustice by ordering one man's labor be enjoyed by another
l) intrudes into the family life
m) propagandizes falsely & denies necessary lot of humanity
What prefiction by Leo XIII about socalism turned out to be horribly true?
starvation of millions of Ukrainians bcuase they refused to give up lands
What two things did Leo feel that nerither justice nor the common good should allow any individual in a society to do?
seize upon which beongs to another
lay violent hands on other's possessions
Explain why the Pope felt that a certain inequality in individual talent and behavior is a great advantae for human societies to do?
social & public life can only be maintained by means of various kinds of capacity for business and the plauing of many parts, nobody is equal as an individual, each man chooses their part which suits their particular condition
Which two things does Leo XIII point out are the maiin mistakes of "equality"?
take up the notion that class is naturall hostile towards class
the wealthy and the working men are intended to live
WHat did Jesus say about having or not having riches in the world?
it makes no difference in heaven, the only rigt thing that matters is when you use it right
If Leo's main task in writing "Rerum Novarum" was not condemn socialism, what was it?
speicify the remedy for it
What four things does Leo XIII recommend persons in the changing world do as free and self determinig beings?
a) concieve of & build free labor unions
b) better life in pursuit of truth, beauty, & love of God
c) learn to coroporate with one another
d) not focus on yourself
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