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Terms in this set (134)
Which of the following characteristics distinguishes type II muscle fibers from type I muscle fibers?
Decreased oxygen delivery
Deoxygenated blood is pumped from the right ventricle to the lungs through which of the following vessels?
Which of the following is a small terminal branch of an artery, which ends in capillaries?
What term describes the number of heart beats per minute and the amount of blood pumped per beat?
Which of the following is true of skeletal muscle?
It is a voluntary muscle
In which of the following structures are water and chemicals exchanged between the blood and tissues?
What may be the best measure of cardiorespiratory fitness?
Maximal oxygen consumption
Resting oxygen consumption is approximately how many mL of oxygen per kilogram body weight per minute?
Which of the following refers to vessels that transport blood from the capillaries toward the heart?
Which of the following energy systems is used most when running a 10-second sprint?
In which of the following scenarios would energy be mostly derived from anaerobic metabolism?
When an athlete begins an activity
During glycolysis, in the presence of oxygen, pyruvic acid is converted into which important molecule in metabolism?
Acetyl coenzyme A
A client runs a mile in 6 min and 30 seconds. Which of the following energy systems is the client primarily using to produce energy?
When an exercise is high intensity and lasts about 10 seconds, which of the following energy pathways is predominantly in use?
Which of the following energy pathways is used for activities lasting between 30 and 50 seconds?
What is the concept that integrates practice and experience for a relatively permanent change in motor control processes?
What is the term for the production of force when a muscle is shortening?
Where is the sternum in relation to the shoulder?
A client practices repeated squat exercises in order to create permanent changes in her technique. What is she exhibiting?
Around which axis does frontal plane motion occur?
Which term refers to an anatomical position on the opposite side of the body?
Pronation of the forearm involves the inward movement of the forearm in which of the following planes?
What is the body's motor response to internal and external environmental stimuli called?
During a pushing assessment your client's shoulders elevate, which of the following muscles would most likely be underactive?
Mid and lower trapezius
Which of the following is a site for testing in the Durnin-Womersley percent body fat test?
Which of the following is considered objective information gathered during a fitness evaluation?
Body composition testing results
During a static postural assessment, a client displays an anterior pelvic tilt. Which muscle is likely to be shortened?
Hip flexor complex
A personal trainer observes a client's knees moving inward while performing the overhead squat assessment. Which of the following muscles are probably underactive?
Gluteus medius and gluteus maximus
During the pushing assessment, the client's shoulders elevate, what strengthening exercise is most appropriate?
Which of the following assessments involves positioning a client in the center box of a grid, with hands on hips, and standing on one leg?
Shark skill test
Increased force output of the synergists for hip extension to compensate for the weakened gluteus maximus is an example of which of the following?
Which of the following concepts is demonstrated when a tight psoas decreases the neural drive of the gluteus maximus?
Altered reciprocal inhibition
Dynamic stretching uses which of the following concepts to improve soft tissue extensibility?
During an overhead squat assessment, a client's knees move inward. Which of the following exercises is the most appropriate to strengthen and activate the client's underactive musculature?
Tube walking: side-to-side
Which of the following describes the tendency of the body to seek the path of least resistance during functional movement patterns?
During a 40-yard dash, the hamstring complex begins to do most of the work for a weakened gluteus maximus. Which of the following best describes this action?
Which of the following exercises is also a dynamic stretch?
Single-leg squat touchdown
In addition to SMR, which flexibility technique is used for corretive flexibility?
How long does NASM suggest the cardiorespiratory portion of the warm-up should last?
Which of the following have a linear relationship during dynamic exercise?
Heart rate and oxygen uptake
Which of the following is a factor of the FITTE principle used to determine exercise training programs for each individual?
Which of the following best describes when a person is ready to move to stage II cardiorespiratory training from stage I?
Client can maintain a zone 1 heart rate for 30 minutes.
Which of the following is a formula that determines a client's target heart rate during exercise?
Heart rate reserve (HRR) method
Performing the drawing-in maneuver or bracing can do what?
Help retrain motor control of local and global stabilization systems
At what angle should the knees be when performing a ball crunch exercise?
Which of the following cues is appropriate to give a client who will be performing a floor bridge exercise?
Squeeze your glutes
Which of the following are core-stabilization exercises designed to improve?
Neuromuscular efficiency and intervertebral stability
A client is performing a prone iso-ab exercise. The trainer notices that he is not able to maintain proper alignment. How should the exercise be regressed?
Perform in a standard push-up position.
What are the muscles of the global stabilization system primarily responsible for?
Transferring loads between the upper and lower extremities
Which of the following exercise techniques involves lying on one's back and raising the hips off a bench?
The reverse crunch
While performing a single-leg squat touchdown, which of the following ways can the proprioceptive challenge be increased?
By standing on a foam pad
Which of the following is an alternative name for plyometric training?
During the butt kick exercise, a personal trainer notices a client arching his low back at the height of the jump. Which of the following muscle groups are most likely tight?
Which of the following exercises is a plyometric-power exercise?
Ice skaters are an example of what type of exercise?
During which of the following are optimal landing mechanics first established?
When performed as fast and as explosively as possible, ice skaters are categorized in which of the following phases?
When training a client for speed, agility, and quickness, which of the following exercises would be most appropriate?
What types of SAQ drills are most appropriate for Phase 1 training?
Those with limited horizontal inertia
Which of the following is an appropriate speed, agility, and quickness drill?
What is one component of triple extension of the back leg while sprinting?
A personal trainer is working with a 65-year-old client who is sedentary. Which of the following SAQ drills would be appropriate for this client?
Stand up to figure 8
When training for speed, agility, and quickness, the foot and ankle complex should be in which of the following positions when it hits the ground?
Pointing straight ahead and dorsiflexed
What is occuring when a prolonged intolerable stressor produces fatigue and leads to a breakdown in the system or injury?
What is a multiplanar step-up to balance an example of?
Resistance should be positioned to resist scapular depression and retraction during which of the following exercises?
Standing cable row
Which of the following exercises is the best example of a Stabilization Level exercise?
Multiplanar step-up balance, curl, to overhead press
When working with loads exceeding 90 percent of maximum, a client would not exceed a workout volume of?
Which of the following training variables should be low when intensity is high?
During a Phase 3: Hypertrophy workout, what is the recommended rest interval?
A fitness professional is training a beginner client who has never tried resistance training. How many exercises per body part is most appropriate?
A client wishes to increase muscular endurance and stabilization. Which of the following acute variables is most appropriate while performing resistance training?
12 repetitions at 70% of 1RM intensity
During the Stabilization Phase of the OPT model, which tempo is recommended for resistance training exercises?
Which method is most appropriate for Strength Endurance training?
Using superset techniques with high volume for about 4 weeks
Which of the following was developed by a Russian scientist in the training of cosmonauts to decrease the loss of muscle and bone mass while in space?
Which of the following statements is correct regarding proper spotting technique for a client using a machine?
Never spot underneath the weight stack
Which of the following is the most appropriate spotting technique for a dumbbell chest press?
Place the hands close to the client's wrists
A client is looking for a simple way to make bodyweight exercises more proprioceptively challenging. Which of the following modalities would be most appropriate for this?
For which of the following populations is the floor bridge exercise highly contraindicated?
Clients who are in the second or third trimester of pregnancy
Which of the following is an appropriate movement assessment for a senior client who is sedentary?
Which of the following is the appropriate protocol with a client who has coronary heart disease, is obese, and is beginning an exercise program after receiving clearance from her physician?
Use the talk test to measure an exercise's intensity
An obese client who has been diagnosed with peripheral artery disease (PAD) should be advised to do which of the following?
Strive for 20 to 30 minutes of continuous aerobic exercise daily.
When working with a pregnant client which of the following assessments is most appropriate?
Which of the following micronutrients should be at low levels or absent in a multivitamin?
What is a side effect of caffeine use?
An increase in urine production
How much caffeine per kg of body weight is recommended about an hour before exercise to provide the most effective ergogenic response?
Large doses of beta-carotene intake can cause an increased risk for which of the following?
Lung cancer in smokers
Which of the following is the correct recommendation for caffeine intake for performance enhancement?
According to a recommendation by the International Health, Racquet and Sportsclub Association (IHRSA), certifying agencies should receive accreditation from which of the following organizations?
National Commission for Certifying Agencies (NCCA)
The fitness professional asks the client, "Why do you want to lose weight?" This is an example of which of the following types of questions?
Which assessment tests for speed, explosion, body control, and agility?
Pro shuttle test
What assessment should be avoided or modified if a client's knees are falling in during a single-leg squat assessment?
Shark skill test
Which exercise should be avoided if a client exhibits arms falling forward?
What cognitive-behavior approach invovles throughts influencing behavior?
Association and dissociation
If a client exhibits arms falling forward during an overhead squat assessment, which activity should be avoided?
Which of the following refers to a program design approach that changes acute variables to achieve different goals on a daily or weekly basis?
Which is the best approach for avoiding activation of the adductors during a floor bridge?
Feet should be hip-width apart and straight ahead.
Which of the following muscles is part of the core local stabilization system?
Dehydration affects the body by increasing:
Which of the following types of strength allows the neuromuscular system to perform dynamic eccentric, isometric, and concentric muscle actions in all three planes of motion?
Which of the following muscles is lengthened in Lower Crossed Syndrome?
According to the NASM Code of Professional Conduct, a Certified Personal Trainer shall maintain accurate financial, contract appointments, and tax records including original receipts for a minimum of:
Which of the following is a measuring site of the Durnin-Womersley formula?
Which of the following is a Power Level balance exercise?
Single-leg box hop-up with stabilization
Which of the following is a sign that a client has completed an accurate one-rep maximum bench press estimation test?
Your client fails at 3-5 repititions
Which of the following muscles is underactive if a client demonstrates an anterior pelvic tilt?
Personal trainers have a maximum of how many seconds to make a good first impression?
Based on the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans, which of the following is the recommended weekly amount of time for moderate-intensity aerobic activity?
Which of the following should a trainer determine during the first step in the Ten Steps to Success?
Desired annual income
Although quality and brand recognition are important, people ultimately buy personal training services based on the desire to produce a meaningful outcome. Therefore, all buying decisions are based on:
The principle that states the body will adapt to the demands that are placed upon it is called the Principle of:
The ability to react and change body position, with maximum rate of force production, in all planes of motion, and from all body positions during functional activities is:
Which of the following vitamins and minerals are known to have the greatest potential for excess dosage in dietary supplements?
Vitamin A, vitamin D, iron, and zinc
A slow and controlled dumbbell chest press performed on a stability ball is an example of what type of specificity?
An active kneeling hip flexor stretch is an example of:
When assessing an overhead squat, an indication of relative flexibility due to tightness in the lateral gastrocnemius is:
external rotation of the feet
During the overhead squat assessment, the trainer notices the client's feet turn out. Which of the following stretches should be used to lengthen the overactive muscles?
A client has mastered the single-leg squat on the floor. Which of the following is a proprioceptive and challenging progression?
Two-leg squat on a Dyna disc
For hypertensive clients taking medications that will influence heart rate, which of the following methods to establish training heart rate is the most appropriate?
Heart rate response
Which of the following muscles is probably underactive when the arms fall forward during an overhead squat?
During an overhead squat assessment, a client demonstrates an excessive anterior pelvic tilt. Which of the following muscles is probably overactive?
During which part of the digestive system are protein strands broken down?
When performing a _____, the load must be placed in such a way to resist elbow extension.
Standing Tricep Extension
Which of the following should a trainer consider when designing a resistance training program for seniors?
Progression should be from seated machines to standing exercises, 8 to 10 exercises.
Which of the following is part of the marketing mix?
The Golgi tendon organ is an essential component of static stretching because:
it allows lengthening of the muscle
A client's shoulders elevate during a pulling assessment. Which of the following muscles may be underactive?
Mid and lower trapezius
Under the supervision of which of the following professionals is it appropriate for an adult client to follow an 800-1000 calorie diet?
If a client's knee moves inward while performing the Single-leg Squat test, this is an indication that which of the following muscles is overactive?
Which of the following is an appropriate number of exercises per body part per session for a client who has the goal of muscular hypertrophy?
2 to 4
Which of the following core-training exercises is best for a new client?
Which of the following is an appropriate intensity when training a client who is obese?
60 to 70% of their maximum heart rate
To ensure proper front-side mechanics during sprinting, the ankle must be in a position of:
Based on Overhead Squat Assessment findings, if a client exhibits knees moving inward, which flexibility exercise is recommended?
Adductor static stretch
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