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39 terms

Computer Analysis 3

STUDY
PLAY
Data Warehouses
collections of data designed to support management decision making
Utility
(computer science) a program designed for general support of the processes of a computer
SDLC or SDC
Collection of phases in system development
CAD
software used in art and architecture and engineering and manufacturing to assist in precision drawing
Backdoor
program or set of instructions in a program that allow users to bypass secyrity controls when accessing a program, comp., or network
Booting
process of starting or restarting a computer
Social Networking
online interaction in the community format where people share personal info., etc.
Cookie
small text file that a Web server sores on a computer
UML
standardized general-purpose modeling language in the field of object-oriented software engineering
Groupware
software that helps groups of people work together on projects and share information over a network
Spam
unsolicited e-mail message or newsgroups posting sent to many recipients or newsgroups at once
Data Mining
the process of discovering patterns and relationships in large amounts of data
Extranet
portion of a company's network that allows customers or suppliers of a company to access parts of an enterprise's intranet
Bluetooth
network standard, specifically a protocol, that defines how two Bluetooth devices use short-range radio waves to transmit data
Digital Certificate
a notice that guarantees a user or a web site is legitimate
RFP
Request for Proposal-, A(n) ________ asks a computer systems vendor to provide information about its products or services.
API
application programming interface; collection of tools that programmers use to interact with an environment such as a web site or operating system
Web 2.0
term used to refer to web sites that provide a means for users to share personal information, allow users to modify web site content, and have application software built into the site for visitors to use
Worm
a software program capable of reproducing itself that can spread from one computer to the next over a network
Multiuser
in reference to operating systems, enables two or more users to run programs simulataneously
Latency
(computer science) the time it takes for a specific block of data on a data track to rotate around to the read/write head
TCP/IP
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol; , a protocol for communication between individual computers and the Internet
HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol; , hypertext transfer protocol are the rules computers use to transfer web pages across the Internet
Kernel
bridge between applications and the actual data processing done at the hardware level.
VPN
Virtual Private Network-network that provides a mobile user with a secure connection to a company network server, as if the user has a private line
MAN
metropolitan area network- high speed network that connects local area networks in a metropolitan area such as a city or town and handles the bulk of communications activity across that region
Bit
the smallest unit of data a computer can process. but is short for binary digit
Router
communications device that connects multiple computer or other routers together and transmits data to its correct destination on a network
Object-oriented
data base that stores in objects
tuple
term used by developers of relational databases for record
SFA
(sales force automation) software equips traveling salespeople with the tools they need
RSS
A family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content such as blog entries, news headlines or podcasts.
mirroring
The duplication of data for purposes of backup or to distribute network traffic among several computers with identical data.
data validity checks
Process of comparing data with a set of rules or values to find out if the data is correct
POST
terminal used by retail stores to record purchases, process credit or debit cards, and update inventory
OIS
information system that enables employees to perform tasks using computers and other electronic devices, instead of manually
CASE
software tools designed to support one or more activities of system development, typically including diagrams to support both process and object modeling
EIS
special type of DSS - supports the strategic information needs of executive management
ASCII
most widely used coding scheme to represent data