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PSY Exam 4
Terms in this set (53)
In the original version of the Stanford-Binet, IQ was defined as
mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100.
Sternberg's Triarchic Theory
analytical (school smarts)
creative (divergent thinking/ innovation)
practical (street smarts)
4 abilities that compose emotional intelligence
perceiving, understanding, managing, using
Thurstone's primary mental abilities
our intelligence may be broken down into seven factors: word fluency, verbal comprehension, spatial ability, perceptual speed, numerical ability, inductive reasoning, and memory
Gardner's Multiple intelligences
our abilities are best classified into eight independent intelligences, which include a broad range of skills beyond traditional school smarts
What are the three camps in the debate over racial differences in intelligence test scores?
Intelligence genetically predisposed in race
Intelligence is socially influenced in race
Intelligence due to better education
It is reasonable to suggest that the Flynn effect is due in part to
greater educational opportunities, smaller families, and rising living standards.
The original IQ formula is LEAST appropriate for representing the intelligence test performance of
Jay has taken the GRE three times and his scores varied by just 10 points each time. Jay's test scores reflect the GRE's
Research on racial and ethnic differences in intelligence indicates that
the average mathematics achievement test scores of Asian students are higher than those of North American students.
The Flynn Effect
the worldwide phenomenon that shows intelligence test performance has been increasing over the years
Although Piaget's Stage theory continues to inform our understanding of children's thinking, many researchers believe that
Piaget's stages begin earlier and development is more continuous than he realized
According to Piaget, a person who can think logically about abstractions is in the _____ ______ stage
Three major issues within the realm of developmental psychology
1. Stability vs. Change
2. Continuity vs. Stages
3. Nature vs. Nurture
Three stages of prenatal development
ZYGOTE (1st 2 weeks)
EMBRYO (weeks 2 to 8 or 9: development of organs/heartbeat
FETUS (9 to 38 weeks): point of viability
Piaget's stages of cognitive development
3. concrete operational
4. formal operational
The sensoirmotor stage
Birth to 2 - see the world through the senses, by the end they should reach object permanence,
2-6: use language but do not comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic, go from egocentrism to theory of mind
concrete operational stage
7-11 years, children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events
formal operational stage
12-adulthood, abstract reasoning
Kholberg's three levels of moral development
preconventional, conventional, post conventional
reward and punishment
laws and rules for social order or approval
post conventional morality
your own ethics and morality
Erikson's theory central issue for infancy
Erikson's theory central issue for adolence
forming an identity
Erikson's theory central issue for young adulthood
Erikson's theory central issue for late adulthood
integrity vs. despair
Cindy is a very good painter. Which of Gardner's intelligences best describes her?
An employer wishing to test the effectiveness of an on-the-job training program should use which type of test?
Harry is 75 years old. Which type of intelligence will not show a decline with age for Harry?
Rosa and Stephanie are identical twins. Which of the following statements is likely true about their intelligence?
Their intelligence test scores are closely matched.
Failures are most likely to lead to depression if they are explained in terms that are
internal, stable, and global.
Severely depressed individuals are especially likely to show reduced brain activity in the
left frontal lobe
Compared with men, women are much more likely to be diagnosed as suffering from
Anxiety disorders, OCD, and PTSD are thought to reflect
a danger-detection system that has become hyperactive.
Which of the following statements about people with psychological disorders is TRUE?
Multiple studies have found that people with a major mental illness are less violent than those without a psychological disorder.
Those who support the increase in ADHD diagnoses have most strongly emphasized that
increased diagnoses of ADHD reflects an increased awareness of the disorder.
Both the inseparability of mind and body and the interaction of nature and nurture are most clearly emphasized by
the biopsychosocial approach.
Field trials assessing clinician agreement when using the new DSM-5 categories indicate that diagnoses of adult posttraumatic stress disorder fared ________and diagnoses of antisocial personality disorder fared ________.
A psychological disorder is a syndrome marked by a clinically significant disturbance
in a person's cognitions, emotion regulation, or behaviors.
Fear-learning experiences can traumatize the brain by creating fear circuits in the
Distinguishing between very gradual and very abrupt developmental changes over the life span is most central to the major issue of
continuity and stages
Low birth weight and maternal diabetes are known risk factors for
Those who suffer from chronic schizophrenia have _________ episodes of psychosis and _________ periods of recovery compared to those who have acute schizophrenia
Therapists practice ________ by using positive reinforcers to reward closer and closer approximations of a desired behavior.
The concept of emotional intelligence is most likely to be criticized for
extending the definition of intelligence to an overly broad range of skills.
boderline personality disorder
condition marked by extreme instability in mood, identity, and impulse control
antisocial personality disorder
A personality disorder in which the person (usually a man) exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even toward friends and family members. May be aggressive and ruthless or a clever con artist.
schizotypal personality disorder
Person has several traits that causes interpersonal problems, including inappropriate affect, paranoid/magical thinking, off beliefs
Compared with those whose occupations require precision and logic, those whose occupations rely on emotional expression and vivid imagery are more likely to experience
According to Piaget, a child can represent things with words and images but cannot reason with logic during the ________ stage.
Oxygen deprivation at birth is a known risk factor
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