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Optimized production technology (OPT) was broadened into what?
Theory of Constraints
of the firm is to make _.
With regards to Goldratt's rules of production scheduling
Blank 1: utilization
Blank 2: activation
developed a scheduling method called optimized production technology (OPT).
When a firm has , it can place more emphasis on other objectives.
money or dollars
With regards to Goldratt's rules of production scheduling: The level of utilization of a nonbottleneck resource is determined not by its own potential but by some other ______ in the system.
Which of the following performance measurements is often called a firm's "survival measurement"?
According to Goldratt's Theory of Constraints, we want to align every other part of the system to support the constraints even if this reduces the _______ of nonconstraint resources.
Blank 1: efficiency
According to Goldratt, what is the only thing that can guarantee long-term survival of the firm.
With regards to Goldratt's rules of production scheduling: Priorities can be set only by examining the system's constraints. _______ is a derivative of the schedule.
Blank 1: Lead
Blank 2: Time
Historically, manufacturers have tried to do what with capacity across a sequence of processes.
A ______ is any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed upon it.
According to Goldratt's Theory of Constraints, we want to make the _______ as effective as possible.
Blank 1: constraints
According to Goldratt, the goal of the firm is to make ______
In synchronous manufacturing thinking, making all capacities the same is viewed how?
A bad decision
A bottleneck is that point in the manufacturing process where flow thins to a narrow ______
Blank 1: stream
According to Goldratt's Theory of Constraints, no improvement is possible unless the constraint or _______
Blank 1: weakest
Blank 2: link
With regards to Goldratt's rules of production scheduling: An hour saved at a nonbottleneck is a _____
A capacity-constrained resource (CCR) could be a ______ if it is not scheduled carefully.
Blank 1: bottleneck
Observations in industry have shown that most plants have very _____ bottleneck operations.
______ time is the time that a part waits not for a resource but for another part so that they can be assembled together.
Blank 1: Wait
A CCR is one whose utilization is close to _____
Blank 1: capacity
Schedulers are tempted to save times _______ although, doing so is a bad idea under TOC.
Blank 1: setup
When upstream stations process in a shorter time ______ builds up between the stations.
Blank 1: inventory
_____ time is the unused time; that is, the cycle time minus the sum of the setup time, processing time, queue time, and wait time.
With a double batch size, the net result is that the work-in-process is approximately ___
Blank 1: doubled
Blank 2: inventory
When nonbottleneck resources are scheduled with larger batch sizes, what happens?
They risk becoming bottlenecks
A process uses five machines. A study of those machines found the following capacity utilization. Which one is the bottleneck?
M4: 123 percent of capacity
______ time is the time that a part waits for a resource while the resource is busy with something else.
Blank 1: Queue
A control point at a bottleneck is called the _______ because it strikes the beat that the rest of the system (or those parts that it influences) uses to function.
Blank 1: drum
When nonbottleneck resources are scheduled with larger batch sizes, it is possible that they will become a bottleneck. How is this possible?
Longer time producing one item increases the wait time for other items
A time buffer typically occurs where in the process?
In front of the bottleneck
Company X uses a visual board to communicate what the bottleneck operation is producing at any point in time. Upstream operations from the bottleneck use this information to match production rates. Goldratt would call this communication board a _____?
_____ time is the time that a part spends waiting for a resource to be set up to work on this same part
Blank 1: Setup
Where is synchronous manufacturing most vulnerable to defects?
At the bottleneck
The buffer inventory in front of a bottleneck operation is a _____
To ensure the bottleneck never becomes idle, manufacturers often deliberately create
Blank 1: buffer, WIP, or time
_____ is obtained by looking at the loads placed on each resource by the products that are scheduled through them.
Blank 1: profile
Synchronous manufacturing has excess capacity throughout the system, except for the ____
Blank 1: bottleneck
For nonbottleneck resources, what size batches are desirable?
With an assembly line, carrying costs relate to the ____
Blank 1: transfer
______ batches refer to the movement of part of the process batch.
If a bottleneck does not require setup time to change products, how should one schedule the sequence of products?
In the order of required customer deliveries
A production quantity large enough or small enough to be processes in a particular length of time is called?
With an assembly line, setup costs relate to the
Blank 1: process
If a bottleneck operation has a relatively large setup time between products, which of the following techniques will best optimize the bottleneck?
Run larger batches to reduce the number of setups required.
For bottleneck resources, what size batches are desirable?
Smaller transfer batches mean
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