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Rehabilitation 10, 11, 12
Terms in this set (79)
what is the single most frequently encountered problem across probation and parole populations?
typically, what is the first step in treating a substance abuse condition that may or may not involve drugs?
which of the following is a type of offender that might necessitate a specialized unit within probation and parole agencies?
driving while intoxicated offenders
which term refers to the progressive ability of the body to adapt to the effect of a drug used at regular and frequent intervals?
which term refers to substances that block or counteract the effects of opiates?
which term refers to certain synthetic substances with a chemical makeup similar to that of opioids?
what is the most widely used agonist?
which is a drug that blocks the action of opiates by occupying their receptor sites?
which of the following is an opiate antagonists used to treat addicts?
which of the following may be used in voluntary patients and include treatments such as electroshock?
which of the following is the original twelve-step program and requires an act of surrender?
which of the following is a deadly disease and, according to the CDC, infects 33% of the world's population?
which of the following is an often-fatal liver disease and spread primarily through contact with human blood and sexual contact and is prevalent among intravenous drug users?
which of the following was first identified in the United States in 1981?
substance abuse is a single most frequently encountered problem across probation and parole populations
substance abuse treatment begins with detoxification with or without the assistance of drugs
tolerance refers to the body's inability to adapt to the effects of a drug used at regular and frequent intervals
the most widely used agonist is clondine
during the last decade, the number of programs to treat substance abusers has decreased
due to the high costs of such test, probation and parole officers rarely test clients for drug use-even those with a history of substance abuse
hepatitis C is a deadly disease, and according to the CDC, infects one-third of the world's population
tuberculosis is an often-fatal disease, and is spread primarily through contact with human blood and sexual contact
HIV/AIDS were first identified in the United States in 1981
the rate of HIV/AIDS is about the same in the offender population than the general population, but still presents challenges to prison and community supervision officials
the category of sex offender represents a number of different types of offenders, but those who prey on children resent significant risk factors to the community and supervision problems for probation and parole officers
plethysmography is a method of testing erectile response to erotic stimuli
intoxicated drivers kill many more people than those who commit deliberate homicide
restorative justice uses neighborhood-based officers for proactive offender supervision
the federal crime control act of 1934 authorized two or more states to enter in interstate compacts
interstate compacts provide a system whereby a person under supervision can leave the state of conviction - the sending state - and proceed to another state for employment
the state mutual aid compact provides for the orderly visit or transfer of an offender from one state to another
the interstate compact for juveniles governs interstate matters pertaining to juvenile delinquents and status offenders
a status offender is a person whose behavior would not be a criminal offense if they were adults, such as habitual truants and runaways
which of the following refers to a pre-juvenile court facility for children with adult guardians?
house of refuge
which of the following conducted campaigns against the "corrupting influence of taverns and theaters and opposed the use of jails to house children"?
society for the reformation of juvenile delinquency
which of the following provided the legal basis for early juvenile court?
where did the first juvenile court open in 1899?
which of the following types of cases are handled in juvenile courts?
delinquency status offense neglect
which of the following juvenile court case type addresses behavior that, if engaged in by an adult, would constitute a crime?
which of the following juvenile court case type addresses behavior that, if engaged in by and adult, would not constitute a crime but provides the bases for governmental intervention?
which of the following juvenile court case type addresses children who are subjected to neglect or abuse by parents or guardians?
neglect or abuse
which of the following juvenile court case type addresses children who do not have parents or guardians available to provide proper care?
who generally staffs juvenile court intake?
what requires that the probation officer determine whether the juvenile court has jurisdiction and also requires that the child and parents be advised of the right to counsel and the right to remain silent during the intake conference?
which of the following involves an assessment of the child's situation -home, school, physical, and psychological - and can provide the basis for adjusting handing it informally without the filing of a petition?
social services function
which term refers to supervision by a juvenile probation officer without court adjudication?
who is usually appointed of a case involves and abused, neglected or depend child?
guardian ad litem
the 1974 juvenile justice and delinquency prevention act requires what of juveniles held under juveniles court jurisdiction?
to be housed separately from adult offenders
""dependency" refers to a type of juvenile court case that which addresses children who do not have parents or guardians or available to provided proper care
juvenile court intake is staffed by truant officers
many cases sent to juvenile court intake are handled by informal probation
guardian ad litem requires juveniles to be housed separately from adult offenders
an adjudicatory hearing is for the purpose of deciding whether a child should be detained in a juvenile correctional facility
the distinction between the adult criminal court and the juvenile court has become less clear as the latter moves away from parens patriae and toward a justice model
juveniles are sometimes released to the custody of their parents for placement in private boarding schools, military academies, and other private facilities, a disposition most often limited to children from at least middle-income status
juvenile court dispositions are governed by most restrictive alternative
most juvenile court cases result in some type of detention
juvenile aftercare or parole supervision can only be provided by probation and parole departments
intake in the juvenile court permits the court to screen cases on jurisdictional and legal grounds, and on social dimensions
in terms of behavioral science research which of the following is considered the "experimental group"?
group that is exposed to an intervention such as community supervision
although the experimental design is a powerful tool for determining program impact, which of the following is a concern with its implementation?
difficult to implement expensive typically requires considerable time and research expertise
what has research revealed about the degree to which probation and parole is successful?
research results are often contradictory
what is one of the primary problems with determining the degree of success achieved by probation and parole?
the definition of success
according to the Bureau of justice statistics (2001), what percentage of those discharged from parole have successfully complete their term of supervision in the community?
in what terms is the success of probation and parole usually measured?
based on the text, what has community corrections agencies turned to when faced with shrinking budgets?
What is the basic mechanism of probation and parole supervision?
what term refers to probation and parole practices based on research findings?
which of the following are core elements of EBP
p/p officers performing assessments to identify risk factors using these risk factors to predict which offenders are likely to reoffend assigning offenders to different levels of supervision according to assessed risk
in a turn toward rehabilitation Congress passed the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act in 2008 to promote and support programs that reduce recidivism and provides funding for research to improve the effectiveness of release and revocation decisions
after being driven underground by the "What works? Nothing!" view that dates back to the 1970s, the term "control" is again fashionable in corrections
studies of probation and parole supervision effectiveness do not use an experimental model
success rates for those released by a parole board are considerably lower than those who released under good-time provisions/mandatory release
there is no standard to determine if a recidivism rate is high or low
the basic mechanism of p/p supervision is client contact
supervision with focus on providing rehabilitation is less effective than a control/surveillance emphasis
evidence-based practice entails the use of current research to guide policy and practice decisions
politics can interfere with evidence-based practice
Data on recidivism can account for undetected criminality or the law enforcement activity in a given community
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