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Blood practice questions
Terms in this set (64)
What composes whole blood?
plasma and formed elements
List all formed elements
erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets
In a centrifuge, the formed elements of whole blood, [ ]
sink to the bottom
A person can experience [ ] if their blood ph is above 7.45
a person is experiencing acidosis when their blood ph is below
what part of whole blood is responsible for making blood more viscous?
plasma makes up [ ] of whole blood
formed elements make up [ ] of whole blood
what makes of plasma?
water, proteins, and other solutes
blood plasma can contain other solutes, name 3 examples (multiple answers possible
electrolytes, nutrients, wastes, gases, regulatory substances
what proteins are found in blood plasma
albumins, globulins, fibrinogen
[ ] is the main protein made by the liver
[ ] are also known as antibodies
what part of blood is used for blood typing?
what composes serum?
blood plasma and fibrinogens
list the different types of white blood cells from most prevalent to least prevalent
neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils, basophils
What is responsible for forming the buffy coat in tube of blood after it has been centrifugued
what is the first cell in the cell differentiation process to create a red blood cell
pluripotent stem cell
What two cells can a pluripotent stem cell divide into?
myeloid stem cell and a lymphoid stem cell
What 7 cells can a myeloid stem cell divide into?
red blood cell, platelets, mast cell, eosinophil, basophil, neutrophil, monocyte
what is a precursor to macrophage
what is a precursor to a red blood cell
what is a precursor to/makes a platelet?
Leukocytes are produced in [ ]
bone marrow and in lymphatic tissue
the blank for a plasma cell?
B lymphocyte (B cell)
List the the granular leukocytes
neutrophils, eosinophils, basophils
list the agranular leukocytes
monocytes and lymphocytes
What is the average life cycle of a red blood cell
the hormone, [ ] stimulates the production of red blood cells
True or false: Red blood cells have mitochondria
True or false: Red blood cells cannot divide
what is the shape of a red blood cell?
true or false: women have more red blood cells than men
a [ ] is a measure of the percentage of whole blood occupied by Red blood cells
a high hematocrit can indicate [ ]
a low hematocrit can indicate [ ]
True or false: a mature erythrocyte is a cell membrane surrounding water and hemoglobin
How many oxygen molecules can hemoglobin bind together?
What is responsible for determining blood type?
the antigens on the surface of the red blood cell
What are antigens made of?
glycoproteins or glycolipids
What can occur if someone is given the wrong blood type?
If you have type A blood, then your blood plasma contains
If you have type O blood, then your blood plasma conatins
anti-A and anti-B antibodies
If you have type AB blood, then
you do not have any anti-A or anti-B antibodies
If you have type B blood, then your plasma contains
What blood type is considered a universal donor?
What blood type is considered a universal recipient
Who has the Rh factor/ D antigen? some with type B- negative blood or B+ blood
List the prevalence of blood types in order of most prevalent to least prevalent
O, A, B, AB
A total white blood cell count is taken using a
a low white blood cell is called a
an elevated white blood cell is called a [ ]
what is performed to determine which of the leukocytes is in excess or deficient?
a differential count
When do monocytes become macrophages?
When they enter the tissue
The collagen fibers produced by fibroblasts can produce what
When someone has a lower than normal number of platelets, someone is experiencing [ ]
[ ] occurs when someone experiences a higher than normal number of platelets
what are platelets produced by?
this component of whole blood contains cytoplasmic fragments that have actin and myosin
what stimulates the development of megakaryocytes
this glycoprotein is produced by the liver and kidney and stimulates the development of megakaryocytes
What binds the platelets to the subendothelial collagen?
Von Willebrand factor
a clot is composed of what
platelets and fibrin
[ ] is a multi-step process that maintains the integrity of a closed high-pressure circulatory system after blood vessel injury
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