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a word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns

first person

pronouns used to refer to the speaker or writer of the text in which they occur

second person

pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur

third person

pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur


subject, first person, singular


subject, first person, plural


subject, second person, singular and plural

he, she, it, who

subject, third person, singular


subject, third person, plural

subject pronouns

a pronoun that can be with verbs

object pronoun

this pronoun cannot be with verbs


object, first person, singular


object, first person, plural


object, second person, singular


object, second person, plural

him, her, it, whom

object, third person, singular


object, third person, plural

you and it

both can be object or subject


possesive or object

his, her, its, mine, my, your(s), our(s), their(s), whose

possessive pronouns

principal parts

building blocks that create all tenses


makes the present and future tenses

past participle

participle that uses has, have, or had and ed or en ending

present participle

participle that uses helpers am, is are, was, were, be(depending on person and tense)

simple tenses

past, present, and future. use only base word with suffix or future helper


present form of walk


past of walk

will walk

future of walk

perfect tenses

tenses that the action has not been completed. uses have, has, had (depending on tense) and always end -ed

have/has walked

present perfect of walk
(conjugate depending on the word before)


the 1st half of the sentence with the main noun and before the verb.


the 2nd part of the sentence that starts with the verb/verbs

prepositional phrase

a phrase that starts with a preposition and contains a preposition and a noun. goes on a structure of a horizontal line for the noun and a tilted line from the main structure to the othe horizontal line for the prepostition and any adjectves under it

direct object

the noun in the predicate that is receiving the action. is behind a vertical line after the verb

indirect object

the noun that is receiving the object that is receiving the action. goes on a line like a prepositional phrase but the noun goes on the horizontal line with adjectives under it

predicate noun

a noun that renames the subject but is in the predicate. it is after a tilted line after a linking verb

predicate adjective

an adjective that describes the subject but is in the predicate. it is after a tilted line after a linking verb


a word that descibes a noun or pronoun. goes a tilted line from the bottom of the noun or pronoun


a word that describes a verb, adjective, or adverb, goes on either a tilted line from the bottom of a verb or a tilted line connected to an adverb or adective by a horizontal line

compound subject

two or more subjects in a sentence. goes on a rocketship/pencil

compound verb

two or more verbs in a sentence. goes on a rocketship/pencil

compound sentence

a conjunction between two complete ideas. has the two vertical dotted lines connected with the horizontal solid line with the conjunction on it.

progressive tenses

tenses that the action is being done that uses am, is, are, was, were

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