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43 terms

English final exam

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pronoun
a word that is used in place of one or more nouns or pronouns
first person
pronouns used to refer to the speaker or writer of the text in which they occur
second person
pronouns and verbs used to refer to the person addressed by the language in which they occur
third person
pronouns and verbs that are used to refer to something other than the speaker or addressee of the language in which they occur
I
subject, first person, singular
we
subject, first person, plural
you
subject, second person, singular and plural
he, she, it, who
subject, third person, singular
they
subject, third person, plural
subject pronouns
a pronoun that can be with verbs
object pronoun
this pronoun cannot be with verbs
me
object, first person, singular
us
object, first person, plural
you
object, second person, singular
you
object, second person, plural
him, her, it, whom
object, third person, singular
them
object, third person, plural
you and it
both can be object or subject
her
possesive or object
his, her, its, mine, my, your(s), our(s), their(s), whose
possessive pronouns
principal parts
building blocks that create all tenses
base
makes the present and future tenses
past participle
participle that uses has, have, or had and ed or en ending
present participle
participle that uses helpers am, is are, was, were, be(depending on person and tense)
simple tenses
past, present, and future. use only base word with suffix or future helper
walk
present form of walk
walked
past of walk
will walk
future of walk
perfect tenses
tenses that the action has not been completed. uses have, has, had (depending on tense) and always end -ed
have/has walked
present perfect of walk
(conjugate depending on the word before)
subject
the 1st half of the sentence with the main noun and before the verb.
predicate
the 2nd part of the sentence that starts with the verb/verbs
prepositional phrase
a phrase that starts with a preposition and contains a preposition and a noun. goes on a structure of a horizontal line for the noun and a tilted line from the main structure to the othe horizontal line for the prepostition and any adjectves under it
direct object
the noun in the predicate that is receiving the action. is behind a vertical line after the verb
indirect object
the noun that is receiving the object that is receiving the action. goes on a line like a prepositional phrase but the noun goes on the horizontal line with adjectives under it
predicate noun
a noun that renames the subject but is in the predicate. it is after a tilted line after a linking verb
predicate adjective
an adjective that describes the subject but is in the predicate. it is after a tilted line after a linking verb
adjective
a word that descibes a noun or pronoun. goes a tilted line from the bottom of the noun or pronoun
adverb
a word that describes a verb, adjective, or adverb, goes on either a tilted line from the bottom of a verb or a tilted line connected to an adverb or adective by a horizontal line
compound subject
two or more subjects in a sentence. goes on a rocketship/pencil
compound verb
two or more verbs in a sentence. goes on a rocketship/pencil
compound sentence
a conjunction between two complete ideas. has the two vertical dotted lines connected with the horizontal solid line with the conjunction on it.
progressive tenses
tenses that the action is being done that uses am, is, are, was, were