Medical Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root Words

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craniotomy
crani: pertaining to skull
otomy: cutting into
dysuria
dys: difficult
uria: urine
hysterectomy
hyster: uterus
ectomy: surgical removal of
hemotoxic
hemo: blood
toxic: poison
pericaritis
peri: around
card; pertaining to the heart
itis: inflammation
leukocyte
leuko: white
cyte: cell
cholecystitis
chole: gallbladder or bile
cyst: bladder
itis: inflammation
tachycardia
tachy: rapid, fast
cardia: pertaining to the heart
neuralgia
neur: nerve
algia: pain
polycytemia
poly: many
cyt: cell
emia: blood
bradycardia
brady: slow
cardia: pertaining to the heart
gastrectomy
gastr: stomach
ectomy: surgical removal of
meningitis
mening: membranes covering the brain and spinal cord
itis: inflammation
neopathy
neo: new
pathy: disease
dermatologist
dermat: pertaining to skin
ologist: person who studies
proctoscope
procto: rectum
scope: examining instrument
carcinoma
carcin: cancer
oma: tumor, a swelling
electroencephalograph
electro: electrical
encephalo: brain
graph: diagram
osteomalacia
osteo: bone
malacia: softening of a tissue
paraplegia
para: near
plegia: paralysis
pyuria
py: pus
uria: urine
acromegaly
acro: extremities
megaly: large
gerontology
geront: old age
ology: study of
dysphagia
dys: difficult
phagia: to eat
hydrocele
hydro: water
cele: swelling
adenoma
Gland Tumor.
aden/oma
antitoxic
Against poison.
anti/toxic
endocarditis
Inflammation within heart.
endo/card/itis
gastroenteritis
Inflammation within stomach.
gastro/enter/itis
hypoglycemia
Decreased blood sugar.
hypo/gly/cemia
septicemia
Poison in blood.
sepit/cemia
oliguria
Few urine.
olig/uria
bronchitis
Inflammation of the air tubes.
bronch/itis
homogeneous
Same kind
homo/geneous
arteriosclerosis
Artery dryness or hardness.
arterio/sclerosis
dysmenorrhea
Difficult menstruation flow.
dys/meno/rrhea
angiopathy
Vessel disease.
angio/pathy
blepharorrhaphy
Sewing up eyelid.
blepharo/rrhaphy
urethrocystitis
Urethra bladder inflammation.
urethra/cyst/itis
paraosteoarthropathy
Near bone joint disease.
para/osteo/arthro/pathy
salpingo - oophorocele
Ovary tube swelling.
salpingo/oophoro/cele
idiopathic - thrombocytopenia
Peculiar disease pertaining to clot lack of cells.
idio/path/ic - thrombo/cyto/penia
narcoepilepsy
Seizure upon sleep.
narco/epi/lepsy
postpartum
After birth.
post/partum
herniorrhaphy
Sewing up rupture.
hernio/rrhaphy
dermacyanosis
Blue spot skin.
derma/cyan/osis
thoracentesis
Chest intestine.
thorac/entesis