Linear Perspective (1 & 2 point)

Artists use perspective to show depth, size, & proportions in landscapes and cityscapes.
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Terms in this set (...)

Linear Perspective
An artistic principle developed in the Renaissance that allowed a painter to create a greater illusion that before. The principle is based on all horizontal lines going towards one or two points on the horizon or at eye level, while vertical lines remain vertical. This was based on the new idea of having a certain perspective with which one should view a painting.
Vanishing point
A vanishing point is a point in space, usually located on the horizon, where parallel edges of an object appear to converge
3-D form
3-dimensional object that can have either geometric (cone, cube, sphere, & rectangular prism) or organic elements.
Landscape
A picture showing natural scenery. It can be a painting or drawing.
Foreground
In a 2-D work that creates an illusion of 3-dimensionality, the area that seems closest to the observer.
Middleground
The area at the middle of the picture--objects are between the foreground and the background.
Background
The area furthest from the viewer in a picture. Things here appear smallest here.
Space
An element of art that indicates areas between, around, above, below, or within something.
Horizon Line
Actual or imaginary line in art representing the point at which water or land seems to end and the sky begins. line/eye level refer to a physical/visual boundary where sky separates from land or water. It is the actual height of the viewer's eyes when looking at an object, interior scene, or an exterior scene.
Orthogonal lines (Diagonal)
The lines that make up the sides of an object in a perspective drawing that relates directly back to the Vanishing Point
one point perspective
a form of linear perspective in which all lines appear to meet at a single vanishing point on the horizon
two point perspective
A realistic way of drawing objects in three dimensions using a horizon line, a key edge, and two vanishing points.
three point perspective
the use of three vanishing points on, above, or below the horizon line
A type of linear perspective which uses three points placed on the horizon line
Value
The lightness or darkness of a color in relation to a scale ranging from white to black.
shading
graded markings that indicate light or shaded areas in a drawing or painting
Atmospheric perspective
Backgrounds seem fuzzy, gray and distant. Colors are not as vibrant as in foreground. It is a useful artistic tool for showing distance, especially in a painting
Eye Level
the view of how the picture is drawn, eye level is drawn as if the person was looking straight forward
Parallel Lines
lines in a plane that do not intersect
Vertical line
Lines that are in an up and down direction
Converging Lines
lines which taper to single point; the point is called vanishing point.
Light source
The direction from which a dominant light originates. The placement of this _________________ affects every aspect of a drawing.

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.
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