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Terms in this set (14)
The nurse is reviewing the therapeutic effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include which effect?
NSAIDs have antipyretic effects but not the other effects listed.
A patient is taking the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug indomethacin (Indocin) as treatment for pericarditis. The nurse will teach the patient to watch for which adverse effect?
c. Nausea and vomiting
Gastrointestinal effects include dyspepsia, heartburn, epigastric distress, nausea, vomiting, anorexia, abdominal pain, and others. See Table 44-2 for the other adverse effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). The other options are not adverse effects of NSAIDs.
A patient with gout has been treated with allopurinol (Zyloprim) for 2 months. The nurse will monitor laboratory results for which therapeutic effect?
a. Decreased uric acid levels
b. Decreased prothrombin time
c. Decreased white blood cell count
d. Increased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels
Treatment of gout with allopurinol should result in decreased uric acid levels. The other options are incorrect.
The nurse is teaching a patient who is taking colchicine for the treatment of gout. Which instruction will the nurse include during the teaching session?
a. "Fluids should be restricted while on colchicine therapy."
b. "Take colchicine with meals."
c. "The drug will be discontinued when symptoms are reduced."
d. "Call your doctor if you have increased pain or blood in the urine."
Colchicine may cause renal effects; therefore, these symptoms must be reported immediately. The drug is taken on an empty stomach for better absorption, and fluids should be increased unless contraindicated. Successful treatment depends upon continuing the medication as ordered.
A mother brings her toddler into the emergency department and tells the nurse that she thinks the toddler has eaten an entire bottle of chewable aspirin tablets. The nurse will assess for which most common signs of salicylate intoxication in children?
a. Photosensitivity and nervousness
b. Tinnitus and hearing loss
c. Acute gastrointestinal bleeding
d. Hyperventilation and drowsiness
The most common manifestations of chronic salicylate intoxication in adults are tinnitus and hearing loss. Those in children are hyperventilation and CNS effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and behavioral changes.
A 6-year-old child who has chickenpox also has a fever of 102.9° F (39.4° C). The child's mother asks the nurse if she should use aspirin to reduce the fever. What is the best response by the nurse?
a. "It's best to wait to see if the fever gets worse."
b. "You can use the aspirin, but watch for worsening symptoms."
c. "Acetaminophen (Tylenol) should be used to reduce his fever, not aspirin."
d. "You can use aspirin, but be sure to follow the instructions on the bottle."
Aspirin is contraindicated in children with flu-like symptoms because the use of this drug has been strongly associated with Reye's syndrome. This is an acute and potentially life-threatening condition involving progressive neurologic deficits that can lead to coma and may also involve liver damage. Acetaminophen is appropriate for this patient. The other responses are incorrect.
A patient has used enteric aspirin for several years as treatment for osteoarthritis. However, the symptoms are now worse and she is given a prescription for a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and misoprostol (Cytotec). The patient asks the nurse, "Why am I now taking two pills for arthritis?" What is the nurse's best response?
a. "Cytotec will also reduce the symptoms of your arthritis."
b. "Cytotec helps the action of the NSAID so that it will work better."
c. "Cytotec reduces the mucous secretions in the stomach, which reduces gastric irritation."
d. "Cytotec may help to prevent gastric ulcers that may occur in patients taking NSAIDs."
Cytotec inhibits gastric acid secretions and stimulates mucous secretions; it has proved successful in preventing the gastric ulcers that may occur in patients taking NSAIDs.
A patient who has a history of coronary artery disease has been instructed to take one 81-mg aspirin tablet a day. The patient asks about the purpose of this aspirin. Which response by the nurse is correct?
a. "Aspirin is given reduce anxiety."
b. "It helps to reduce inflammation."
c. "Aspirin is given to relieve pain."
d. "It will help to prevent clot formation."
Aspirin can reduce platelet aggregation; low doses of aspirin (81 to 325 mg once daily) are used for thromboprevention. Higher doses are required for pain relief, reduction of inflammation, and reduction of fever. The other options are incorrect.
During assessment of a patient with osteoarthritis pain, the nurse knows that which condition is a contraindication to the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)?
a. Renal disease
b. Diabetes mellitus
d. Rheumatoid arthritis
Contraindications to NSAIDs include known drug allergy and conditions that place a patient at risk for bleeding, such as vitamin K deficiency, and peptic ulcer disease. Patients with documented aspirin allergy must not receive NSAIDs. Other common contraindications are those that apply to most drugs, including severe renal or hepatic disease. The other options are not contraindications.
Zyloprim). Based on this finding, the nurse interprets that the patient has which disorder?
a. Rheumatoid arthritis
d. Systemic lupus erythematosus
Allopurinol is indicated for the treatment of gout but is not indicated for the other disorders listed.
A patient calls the clinic to ask about taking a glucosamine-chondroitin supplement for arthritis. The nurse reviews the medication history and notes that there will be a concern for drug interactions if the patient is also taking medications for which disorder?
a. Type 2 diabetes mellitus
The glucosamine in glucosamine-chondroitin supplements may cause an increase in insulin resistance, necessitating the need for higher doses of oral hypoglycemics or insulin.
The nurse is reviewing the history of a patient who has a new order for a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to treat tendonitis. Which conditions are contraindications to the use of NSAIDs? (Select all that apply.)
a. Vitamin K deficiency
c. Peptic ulcer disease
ANS: A, C
Contraindications to NSAIDs include known drug allergy as well as conditions that place the patient at risk for bleeding, such as Vitamin K deficiency and peptic ulcer disease. NSAIDs may be used to treat arthralgia and pericarditis. Neuropathy is not a contraindication.
A 75-year-old woman has been given a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (an NSAID for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The nurse is reviewing the patient's medication history and notes that which types of medications could have an interaction with the NSAID? (Select all that apply.)
d. Beta blockers
ANS: C, E, F
Anticoagulants taken with NSAIDs may cause increased bleeding tendencies because of platelet inhibition and hypoprothrombinemia. NSAIDs taken with diuretics may cause reduced hypotensive and diuretic effects. NSAIDs taken with corticosteroids may cause increased ulcerogenic effects. See Table 44-5. The other options are incorrect.
There is a new order for Naproxen (Naprosyn) 250 mg PO every 6 hours. The drug is available as an oral suspension that contains 125 mg/5 mL. Identify how many milliliters will the nurse administer for 1 dose of this medication. _______
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