Reasons that led to the conflict
-in the years leading up to it, the British East India Company had been expanding its holdings.
-Indian princes were angered by the British expansion
-British devised The Doctrine of Lapse, which gave them the right to veto a prince's adopted heir receiving the territory. Instead, the territories were taken as British holdings. This interfered with the Hindu custom of passing down territorial control from one prince to another (by blood or adoption)
-by 1857, the British had installed "Sepoys" to help them control their new territories. Many were unhappy with the British that they served
-A type of rifle was introduced to India that contained an ammunition cartridge coated with cow or pig fat. Sepoys were instructed to bite it before loading; this was offensive to Hindu and Muslim soldiers, against their vegetarian religious beliefs
-the cultural and religious divide between the Indians and the British led to mutual disrespect. The British outlawed Indian customs and converted them to Christianity