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American Government and Politics Today Chapter 8
AP Government Vocabulary Terms
Terms in this set (31)
A decline in party loyalties that reduces long-term party commitment.
One of the two major American political parties evolving out of the Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson.
A situation in which one major political party controls the presidency and the other controls the chambers of Congress, or in which one party controls a state governorship and the other controls the state legislature.
A group of persons, called electors, who are selected by the voters in each state. This group officially elects the president and the vice president of the United States.
era of good feelings
The years from 1817 to 1825, when James Monroe was president and there was, in effect, no political opposition.
A group or bloc in a legislature or political party acting in pursuit of some special interest or position.
A voter or candidate who does not identify with a political party.
A standing committee of a national political party established to direct and coordinate party activities between national party conventions.
The meeting held every four years by each major party to select presidential and vice presidential candidates, to write a platform, to choose a national committee, and to conduct party business.
Linking oneself to a particular political party.
All of the elected and appointed officials who identify with a political party.
Those members of the general public who identify with a political party or who express a preference for one party over another.
The formal structure and leadership of a political party, including election committees; local, state, and national executives; and paid professional staff.
A document drawn up at each national convention, outlining the policies, positions, and principles of the party.
Rewarding faithful party workers and followers with government employment and contracts.
A number of votes cast for a candidate that is greater than the number of votes for any other candidate but not necessarily a majority.
A group of political activists who organize to win elections, operate the government, and determine public policy.
A process in which a substantial group of voters switches party allegiance, producing a long-term change in the political landscape.
One of the two major American political parties. It emerged in the 1850s as an antislavery party and consisted of former northern Whigs and antislavery Democrats.
A tendency for wealthier states or regions to favor the Democrats and for less wealthy states or regions to favor the Republicans. The effect appears paradoxical because it reverses traditional patterns of support.
A district that returns a legislator with 55 percent of the vote or more.
A new party formed by a dissident faction within a major political party. Often, __________ have emerged when a particular personality was at odds with the major party.
state central committee
The principal organized structure of each political party within each state. This committee is responsible for carrying out policy decisions of the party's state convention.
Voting exclusively for the candidates of one party.
Voters who frequently swing their support from one party to another.
A political party other than the two major political parties (Republican and Democratic).
Voting for candidates of two or more parties for different offices. For example, a voter splits her ticket if she votes for a Republican presidential candidate and for a Democratic congressional candidate.
A phenomenon that occurs when a group that is becoming more numerous over time grows large enough to change the political balance in the district, state, or country.
A political system in which only two parties have a reasonable chance of winning.
A rule by which all of a state's electoral votes are cast for the presidential candidate receiving a plurality of the popular vote in that state.
A major party in the United States during the first half of the nineteenth century, formally established in 1836. The _______was anti-Jackson and represented a variety of regional interests.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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