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World Studies Unit 3
Terms in this set (42)
Spanish word for conqueror
Who was a sailor from Portugal whose crew was the first to circumnavigate the world?
Who was the Portuguese sailor who was the first to round the Cape of Good Hope?
What is the difference in trade between what a nation imports and exports?
Balance of trade
What type of organization was formed when individuals invested in trading voyages?
What is the title of a person who organizes a business and assumes risks associated with making it profitable?
What is the official job title of a mapmaker?
What is another name for pure gold or silver?
Which explorer is credited with exploring much of modern day New York?
What is the term for sailing completely around the globe?
Who was the Italian explorer that first suggested Columbus had found a New World?
What is the term used to describe the change in business methods and banking during the 1600s?
Who was the first Englishman to circle the globe and captain the complete a circumnavigation?
What was the term used to describe the policies of European nations in their accumulation of wealth, the establishment of colonies, and developing industry?
What was the imaginary line that divided new discoveries between Spain and Portugal?
Line of Demarcation
Who was the Portuguese sailor who proved that ships could reach India by sailing around Africa?
Vasco de Gama
What was the first permanent English settlement in North America?
What was the first French settlement in the Americas?
Who was the Italian sailor who first set foot in the New World on an island in the Bahamas?
What were three reasons why the Spanish and Portuguese sailed the world?
to gain land, to find a faster route to India, and to find gold
Who was the conquistador that killed Atahualpa, the Incan leader?
Who did European Nations measure their national wealth?
Why did England and France focus on exploring North America and not South America?
Spain and Portugal already had settlements in South America
Why did the slave trade thrive? (Why were so many slaves needed in America?)
most colonial business was agricultural
Which explorer led the first expedition into Florida as he searched for the Fountain of Youth?
Juan Ponce de Leon
How did the ideas of mercantilism change opinions toward those who lived in poverty and were unemployed?
They were seen as a burden to society and it became illegal to not work
What was the purpose of a joint-stock company?
To pool funds to achieve a goal
What were the primary goods transported on the first leg of Triangular Trade?
Europe to Africa, guns, cloth, and cash to Africa, Europe gets slaves to send to the new world
What were the primary goods transported on the second leg of Triangular Trade?
Africa to the Americas, known as the Middle Passage, slaves to the Americas- many die/are killed, slaves traded for sugar, molasses, rum, or agricultural products
What were the primary goods transported on the third leg of Triangular Trade?
Americas to Europe, sugar, molasses, cotton, rum, fur, and salted fish to Europe, traded for items necessary to trade for slaves
What does it mean to have a favorable balance of trade?
Export more than you import
What was the Columbian Exchange?
Plants, animals, and people traded between the old and new worlds
What were the effects of the Columbian Exchange on Europe?
more trade, more available land, better diets
What were the effects of the Columbian Exchange on the New World?
disease, lands lost, 90% less population in the Caribbean
Who was the Portuguese leader who promoted exploration through financing research and voyages?
Prince Henry (the Navigator)
What was Columbus' original goal in his journey?
to try to find a new way to India
What was the Northwest Passage?
a link between the Atlantic and Pacific that does not exist
Why did the natives readily greet Europeans when they saw them arrive?
They thought the Europeans were gods
What were some items found in the New World Europeans had never seen before?
corn, buffalo, pumpkins
Who led an expedition that journeyed through much of the Southeastern US and discovered the Mississippi River?
Hernando de Soto
What was the most important technological improvement that facilitated world exploration and expansion? Why?
the compass because it allowed explorers to know where they were going
What was life like in the middle passage and life like as a slaves in the U.S.?
slaves were often forced to lie in a small, cramped space with no room to move. They often got diseases because of those living conditions. People were very cruel to slaves in the U.S. They would make them work from dawn until dusk outside in horrible conditions.
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