The process by which bile acts on fat so enzymes can hydrolyze the fat is know as ______
which of the following body organs does NOT secrete digestive enzymes? liver, stomach, pancreas, or salivary glands
What stimulates the pancreas to release bicarbonate-rich juice
Which of the following breads has the highest fiber content? Brown colored, refined, enriched, whole-grain
height, weight, head-circumference or fat-fold measurements that are used to evaluate an individual's nutrition status are examples of ____ ____
_____ ____ cannot be made in sufficient quantities by the body
what is one function of the gallbladder
the purpose of bicarbonate in the digestive process is to
make chyme more neutral.
According to nutrition labeling laws, the amounts of what 2 vitamins MUST be listed on the package label?
Vitamin A and C
act of chewing
What vitamin are vegetarians most likely to have deficiencies in?
when nutrients are transported from intestinal cells to the vascular system, what organ is first to receive them
where are most nutrients absorbed?
what structure controls the passage of material from the small intestine to the large intestine?
What are the "ABCDMV" principles of diet planning?
Adequacy, balance, kcal control, nutrient density, moderation, and variety
After swallowing in what order does food pass through the regions of the GI tract?
Stomach, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon
what typically does not get digested but stimulates intestinal muscle contractions?
Recommended Dietary Allowances are based on the __ __ __
Estimated Average Requirement
What is the first organ to receive carbohydrates absorbed from the intestine
Which of the following is not a simple carbohydrate? Starches, white sugar, disaccharides, monosaccharides
What is the primary function of insulin?
Lowers blood glucose levels
The application of heat or acid to a protein that causes its shape to change is known as
What is needed for proper fat digestion?
Lipase, and Bile
Which of the following is the primary factor that differentiates one amino acid from another?
the side group
The chemical reaction that splits starch into monosaccharides is called
what is the reaction that links two monosaccharides together?
the structure of cell membranes is made up of many
Which of the following is not an enzyme involved with protein digestion?
what is the primary storage form of carbohydrate in the body?
Which fatty acid is essential to the human body?
What type of diet would provide a person foods low in saturated fat and cholesterol?
What compound is composed of 3 fatty acids and a glycerol?
In general polyunsaturated fats are considered to be
liquid at room temp.
Immediately after absorption, what circulatory system carries the fat soluble vitamins as large fats?
What element is found in proteins but not in carbohydrates and fats
what type of nutrient is starch
in which of the following are ample amounts of carbohydrates almost always found. Plant foods, health foods, animal products, protein-rich foods
the disease most common today in the U.S. include all of the following except. cancer, diabetes, tuberculosis, diseases of the heart and blood vessels.
what are the basic building blocks of protein
Which of the following increase a persons risk of heart disease? trans fat, saturated fat, low fiber diet, all of the above.
all of the above
what structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow?
which of the following is an organic nutrient? Protein, fiber, minerals, vitamins
after swallowing in what order does food pass through the regions of the GI tract?
Stomach, duodenum, jejunum,ileum, colon
What is the name given to partially digested food in the stomach?
Which of the following is true regarding an essential nutrient?
Cannot be made in sufficient quantities by the body.
Gram for gram which of the following provides the most energy?
which of the following body organs does not secrete digestive enzymes?
what is the function of mucus in the stomach?
protects stomach cells from gastric juices.
Which of the following is an anthropometric measurement?
which of the following is not a component of pancreatic juice?
what is the function of bile?
what is the name of the protections on the inner surface of the small intestine?
what is the primary site for absorption of nutrients?
into what section of the intestinal tract does the stomach empty?
what is mastication?
the act of chewing
wavelike muscular contractions result from alternate tightening and relaxing of circular muscles and longitudinal muscles.
what is meant by the term "motility" in reference to the GI tract?
the speed of peristalsis and food moving through the GI tract
among the GI tract organs which has the strongest muscles?
Important functions of hydrochloric acid in digestion/absorption include all of the following except. a)it kills bacteria, b)it activates pancreatic lipase, c) it activates pepsinogen, d) it promotes denaturing(uncoiling) of proteins
it activates pancreatic lipase
why is there little or no digestion of starch in the stomach?
Salivary enzymes do not work in an acid environment.
Which part of the GI tract contains highly acidic digestive juices?
which of the following would not be acted upon by pancreatic juice secreted into the intestinal tract?
What is one function of the gallbladder?
which of the following classes of nutrients requires the least amount of digestion?
what is the first vessel to receive absorbed water soluble vitamins?
immediately after absorption what circulatory system carries the fat soluble vitamins and large fats?
what is the first major organ to receive nutrients that are absorbed into the lymph?
Which of the following stimulates the pancreas to release bicarbonate-rich juice? Gastrin, secretin, glucagon, gastric-inhibitory peptide
The presence of fat in the intestines stimulates cells of the intestinal wall to release?