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Catholic Morality Study Guide
Eighth Grade First Trimester Final
Terms in this set (55)
Is the law of God written in our hearts. More than just acts of good or evil, it is living a life directed by grace towards what is good, right, and loving and ultimately, God (the ultimate good).
The highest norm of human life- eternal, objective, and universal-whereby God orders, directs, and governs the entire universe and all the ways of the human community, by a plan conceived in wisdom and love.
God's plan for human living that is written in the very way God created things.
The gift from God that allows us to choose between good and evil. Human freedom attains its perfection when directed toward good, love, and God. It is the basis for moral responsibility.
A moral decision making ability centering on what a person has already done or will do in the future
It is a God-given gift to every human being to be able to discern good from evil.
Conduct in conformity to God's will (How God wants us to live). It means to be in right relationship - with self, others, creation, and God.
Principle of Human Dignity
All human beings are created in the image and likeness of God and therefore, are loved, redeemed, and priceless (have infinite worth). Human dignity is inherent, inalienable, and inviolable.
God's life within us, which is a gift from God that helps us live as Children of God.
When God's order or will is taking place.
Jesus' teachings about the meaning and path to true happiness; descriptions of the way to attain eternal blessedness, or holiness, to which God calls all of us.
All are created (wired) for happiness. God is the source and object of all happiness (beatitude). The secret for happiness is moral living.
Holiness means to be set-apart and consecrated to God and God's purposes. It refers to God's presence within us (grace) and our faithfulness to God by living as Christ lived.
Refers to God's plans and intentions. God's will is always directed towards the good, towards life, towards love.
An act that is a transgression of God's will. Is is missing the mark. It is anything that damages or destroys my relationship with myself, others, creation, and God.
A collective, societal act or sign that society has distanced itself from God. It is the cumulative effect of sin over time, which can affect society and its institutions to create structures of sin (unjust structures).
An action so destructive that it mortally wounds our relationship with God; It involves a serious matter, sufficient reflection, and full consent of the will. It is a radical NO to God and to love. It results in total rejection and alienation from God.
The habit of unloving acts that reverses and corrodes one's positive relationship with God - thus we must take it seriously.
Three Conditions for a Mortal Sin
1. The Seriousness of the matter (Act)
2. The Sufficiency of the reflection (Thought)
3. The Fullness of the consent (Will)
How to determine the seriousness of a sin
How grave is the act itself?
How much knowledge and thought was given?
How free and willing was the person?
Doctrine of Original Sin
The doctrine that states: Evil is real, powerful, and pervasive in the world. People are "born" into this reality or "human condition"
Key Truth: Evil, sin, or death is not the final word.
The free and responsible choice a person makes to orient, in a radical manner, his whole existence in a moral direction toward good or evil, towards God.
The act itself. Answers the the question "What was done?"
The reason or motivation behind an act. Answers the question "Why did we do what we did?"
The conditions or facts concerning a moral act. Answers the how, who, when, where of an act. It can increase or decrease the moral goodness or evil of an action.
An deep, authentic, and on-going conversion. A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and evil and toward God.
Who we are - the real, authentic me. It is who I am when no one is watching.
Good habits, qualities, and patterns of behavior that incline us to do good and make good moral choices
The "hinge" virtues from which all other virtues come. They are prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance.
Three foundational virtues that are infused by God into the souls of the faithful: faith (belief in and personal knowledge of God), hope (trust in God's Salvation and His bestowal of the graces needed to attain it), and charity (love of God and love of neighbor as one loves oneself).
God's self-communication by which God makes known the mystery of His loving plan, realized by his actions and words over time, most fully by his sending us his divine son, Jesus Christ.
The living transmission of the depository of faith (the sum total of teachings, reflection, experience, traditions, saints, thinkers) faithfully preserved, handed down, and interpreted by the Church's Magisterium.
The living and dynamic teaching authority (office) of the Church concerning issues of faith and morals consisting of the pope and the college of bishops acting and speaking as one.
I, the Lord, am your God. You shall not have other gods besides me.
-Make God the top priority in our lives by practicing the theological virtues
-Worship God and share our faith with others
-Practice the virtue of religion
You shall not take the name of the Lord, your God, in vain.
-Honor God's name through praise, reverence, and adoration
-Our names are also holy
-Forbids the wrong use of God's name or the names of Jesus, Mary, or any saint
-Keep promises and vows and always be true to our word
Remember to keep holy the Sabbath day
-The purpose is to praise God for his works of creation and to thank him
-God gives this commandment to all people for them to have a day of rest and recreation
-We acknowledge the one we are totally dependent on
-Catholics are obliged to go to Mass on Sundays and Holy Days of Obligation
Honor your father and your mother
-Family is the domestic Church
-Parents should: respect children, educate them in the Catholic faith, loving home, unconditional love
-Behaviors from children: thankfulness, respecting, obey, meeting the physical and spiritual needs of aged parents, treat siblings with respect and love
-Respect and obedience is due all proper Church and other authority figures
You shall not Kill
We believe that God gives us the gift of life. We must protect the lives of everyone.
Human Life is sacred from conception to death.
Hurting someones reputation ( Bullying) can be considered as killing if it results in the person harming themselves
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
-God gave us the gift of sexuality so that married couples can share their love and cooperate with God in bringing forth new life
-Exercise the virtues of chastity, purity, and modesty
- Married couples should be faithful to each other
-Chastity requires lifelong self-control
-Both commandments support the institution of marriage
-Sexual intercourse in marriage has two purposes: unitive and procreative
-Children are a gift of marriage
You shall not steal.
You shall not covet anything that belongs to your neighbor.
-God created the goods of creation for everyone
-Do not become too attached to belongings
-Justice calls us to respect the property of others and to share our things
-Jesus teaches that poverty of spirit is the way to combat sinful attitudes
- Keep promises and do not break contracts
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
-Teaches that truth-telling is a matter of justice
- We respect other people, their reputations, their right to privacy
- Governments and entertainment industries are to use the media responsibly and not for propaganda or to promote immoral behavior
the help God gives us for a particular need to help us conform our lives to his will
The attitude of not caring
the family as a holy community and a microcosm of the universal Church
A gift from God that allows us to believe in him and all that he has revealed
The belief that the only important thing in life is material wealth, not God
The first sin that made human's require salvation through Jesus Christ
Sin of Commission
Purposely doing an action that is harmful to another person
Sin of Omission
Not doing an action that is called for
Attributing magical power to certain practices or things
The belief that young people have values, interests, and activities separate from those of other age groups
"law is a rule of conduct enacted by a competent authority for the sake of the common good."
Jesus tells us the ten commandments have to be interpreted in the light of these two commandments
"Love the Lord you God above all else and love your neighbor as yourself."
God comes first; everything else comes second.
This means: Love of God, Love of neighbor, Love of self
I comes first; everything else comes second.
This means: only my wants and desires are important regardless of the consequences.
Catholic Social Teaching
Principles based on:
1. Sanctity of Human Life
2. Protection of Human Dignity
3. Respect for workers
4. Care for God's Creation
5. Call to Community
6. Option for the poor
7. Valuing the Common Good in Humanity
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Level C Unit 6
Vocabulary Workshop-Level C, Unit 2
Level C Unit 4
Vocabulary Workshop Level C: Unit 1-12
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