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Patho Week 12 Ch 38-40
Terms in this set (26)
1. Define and describe the glomerular filtration rate
2. Relate the renin-angiotensin system and natriuretic peptides to renal blood flow and glomerular filtration.
3. Define and describe tubular reabsorption, tubular secretion, and excretion.
4. List and describe the three forces that contribute to the net filtration pressure (NFP) and explain how NFP is calculated.
5. Differentiate the electrolytes reabsorbed and secreted by the proximal and distal tubules.
6. Describe the effect of the following on the formation of dilute or concentrated urine: urea, catecholamines, antidiuretic hormone (ADH), urodilatin, and atrial natriuretic peptide.
7. Describe a diuretic; list and describe the four categories of diuretics.
8. Identify hormones activated or secreted by the kidney, and describe their actions.
9. Describe the cellular changes in the renal system that accompany normal aging and their clinical significance.
10. Relate the presence of red blood cells, white blood cells, renal casts, and crystals to renal dysfunction.
11. Describe the three factors required for renal calculus (stone) formation.
12. Describe the clinical manifestations and treatments for renal stones.
13. Characterize the following lower urinary tract obstructions: bladder neck dyssynergia, prostate enlargement, urethral structure, pelvic organ prolapse, and neurogenic bladder.
14. Describe the incidence and origin of renal adenomas and renal cell carcinomas.
15. Describe the common organisms causing UTIs to include pathophysiology, pathogenicity, virulence, and host defense mechanisms.
16. Compare and contrast the signs, symptoms, and etiology of cystitis, acute pyelonephritis, and chronic pyelonephritis.
17. Describe acute glomerulonephritis to include features, cellular changes, manifestations, and treatment.
18. Relate the following terms to the changes that take place in glomerulonephritis: proteinuria, hematuria, oliguria, edema, and hypertension.
19. Differentiate among prerenal, intrarenal, and postrenal renal failure.
20. Describe the multiple system outcomes of chronic renal failure.
21. Describe common congenital structural abnormalities of the renal and urinary system.
22. Describe the congenital malformations associated with hypospadias, epispadias, ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction, bladder outlet obstruction, hypoplastic or dysplastic kidneys, renal agenesis, polycystic kidneys, infundibular stenosis, and megacalycosis.
23. Describe the etiology, clinical signs and symptoms, and pathophysiology of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS).
24. Describe the structural alterations, pathophysiology, and manifestations of vesicoureteral reflux.
25. Discuss Wilms tumor in terms of age of onset, possible oncogenic origin, manifestations, and treatment.
26. Discuss the occurrence, patterns, and probable etiologies of enuresis.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Patho Week 1 (Chapters 1-3)
Patho Week 2 Chapters 4-6
Week 3 Chapters 7-11
Patho Week 4 Chapters 12-14
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