PS 354 Chapter 6
Terms in this set (20)
A researcher has been interviewing those who have committed serial murders in an effort to learn about their backgrounds, their personalities, and features about their crimes such as how they select their victims. He is comparing the information he obtains from these murderers to determine the similarities they have among them. Compiling this information is a standard part of the process of
Jim, a disgruntled postal worker, rushed into the post office one Thursday afternoon and sprayed his fellow employees with gunfire, killing ten and wounding many more. According to Chapter 6, what type of multiple murderer is Jim?
A mass murderer
In approximately what percentage of studied mass murders was the assailant related to or well-acquainted with the victims?
Tom goes to an abortion clinic and kills several women, then he drives to a second abortion clinic and kills several more women. According to Chapter 6, what type of multiple murderer is Tom?
A spree killer
According to Chapter 6, there may be as many as _____ serial murderers in the US
The BTK killer, Dennis Rader, confessed to killing 10 people over a span of 30 years. When asked why he did it, he explained that he killed for the sexual satisfaction that he got from the experience. According to Chapter 6, war kind of serial murderer was Dennis Rader?
According to criminal profilers, brutal facial injuries suggest killers that
knew their victims
The landmark case in which a defendant appealed his murder conviction because a trial judge did not allow information about the results of a physiological deception test was
Frye v. United States
Which of the following is measured in a polygraph examination?
Blood pressure, breathing rate, heart rate, and galvanic skin response
Physiological measures, by themselves, cannot distinguish between guilt and
fear, anger, or lying
What is the main problem with the relevant/irrelevant polygraph procedure?
Even if you are innocent, you know what the relevant questions are, and thus they are likely to generate an emotional response.
The goal of the guilty knowledge test is to detect
Some suggest that it is possible to judge whether or not someone is lying by judging facial, body, nonverbal and vocal cues. For example, according to information present in Chapter 6
When people lie, their voice pitch tends to increase, they use gestures less when talking, and they may attempt to lengthen their gaze.
Most courts do not allow polygraph results and opinions to be admitted into evidence.
If a suspect confesses and then later recants, the confession can still be introduced into evidence at the trial
In Miranda v. Arizona (1966) the Supreme Court held that any confession resulting from an in-custody interrogation was admissible in court only if it was considered voluntary and the police had taken steps to ensure the suspect's protection from self-incrimination
Ernest Miranda appealed his conviction for rape all the way to the US Supreme Court and the court concluded that his against self-incrimination had been violated. He was granted a new trial. What was the outcome of this second trial?
Even though his confession was excluded this time, he was convicted again.
Kassin (2005) analyzed the cases in which the defendant had been exonerated by DNA evidence. What percentage of these defendants had falsely confessed?
Which of the following has been acknowledged as a way that investigators can be certain that a defendant has falsely confessed to a crime?
All of the above (The suspect confessed to a crime that did not occur; the suspect confessed to a crime that was physically impossible for him or her to commit; the suspect confessed to a crime, but the guilt of another perpetrator has definitively been established)
In Kassin, Goldstein and Savitsky's (2003) study, interrogators who assumed that the suspect was guilty
Tried harder to elicit a confession, presented false evidence during the interrogation, had suspects who were later more likely to be identified as guilty of the crime by observers.