Palarz Chapter 5 Key Words
Chapter 5, "The American Revolution"
Terms in this set (18)
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade).
An effective commander of Patriot troops early in the Revolutionary War, but he became disaffected by what he considered unjust criticism of his generalship, and he defected to the British in 1780.
Mohawk chief and Anglican convert, who sided with the British during the Revolutionary war, believing that only a British victory could halt American westward expansion.
1776 pamphlet by Thomas Paine that persuaded many Americans to support the Revolutionary cause.
A body of representatives from the British North American colonies who met to respond to England's Intolerable Acts. They declared independence in July 1776 and later drafted the Articles of Confederation.
A British general who fought against the Americans in many different battles during the Revolutionary War. commanded the British forces for defeat at Yorktown- surrendered.
General in command of the Continental army in the Carolina campaign of 1781, the "Fighting Quaker" successfully cleared most of Georgia and South Carolina of British troops despite loosing a string of minor battles.
General Howe took command of British troops in North America after the Battle of Bunker Hill. He captured New York and Philadelphia, but botched the plan to isolate the New England colonies in 1777.
Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, helped organize the Republican party in the 1790s, and became the third president of the United States.
(1632-1704) English philosopher and political theorist. He wrote Two Treaties on Government which explained that all men have Natural Rights, which are Life, Liberty, and Property, and that the purpose of government was to protect these rights.
Olive Branch Petition
A document sent by the Second Continental Congress to King George III, proposing a reconciliation between the colonies and Britain. It was denied by the king.
was a passionate and persuasive writer who published the bestseller, Common Sense in 1776. He had the radical idea that the colonies should set up America as an independent, democratic, republic away from England. Over 120,000 copies of his book were sold and this helped spark the colonists rebellion later that year.
A battle that took place in New York where the Continental Army defeated the British. It proved to be the turning point of the war. This battle ultimately had France to openly support the colonies with military forces in addition to the supplies and money already being sent.
A 1786 rebellion in which an army of 1,500 disgruntled and angry farmers led by Daniel Shays marched to Springfield, Massachusetts, and forcibly restrained the state court from foreclosing mortgages on their farms.
Another name for British Loyalists during the American Revolution.
A site outside of Philadelphia that served as the Continental Army's camp during the winter, where conditions were harsh and many died.
was the dominant military and political leader in Revolutionary war. He became the first president of America. Established a cabinet and placed Hamilton in it. He wanted his country to have peace, so he stayed neutral in European wars. All types of voters accepted him.
1781; last battle of the revolution; Benedict Arnold, Cornwallis and Washington; colonists won because British were surrounded and they surrendered.