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AP Human Geography: Chapter 5 Vocabulary
Terms in this set (39)
Creole, or creolized language
A language that results from the mixing of a colonizer's language with the indigenous of the people being dominated
A combination of German and English
A regional variety of a language distinguished by vocabulary, spelling, and pronunciation.
A dialect spoken by some African Americans.
A language that was once used by people in daily activities but is no longer used
A term used by the French for English words that have entered the French language, a combination of François and anglais." the French words for "French" and "English," respectively.
A boundary that separates regions in which different language usages predominate
A language that is unrelated to any other languages and therefore not attached to any language family
A system of communication through the use of speech, a collection of sounds understood by a group of people to have the same meaning.
A collection of languages related through a common ancestor that existed several thousand years ago. Differences are not as extensive or old as with language families, and archaeological evidence can confirm that these derived from the same family.
A collection of languages related to each other through a common ancestor long before recorded history.
A collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display relatively few differences in grammar and vocabulary.
A language mutually understood and commonly used in trade by people who have different native languages
A language that is written as well as spoken
A symbol that represents a word rather than a sound
The language adopted for use by the government for the conduct of business and publication of documents.
A form of speech that adopts a simplified grammar and limited vocabulary of a lingua franca, used for communications among speakers of two different languages.
Received Pronunciation (RP)
The dialect of English associated with upper-class Britons living in London and now considered standard in the United Kingdom.
A combination of Spanish and English, spoken by Hispanic-Americans.
The form of a language used for official government business, education, and mass communications.
A form of Latin used in daily conversation by ancient Romans, as opposed to the standard dialect, which was used for official documents.
A distinctive mode of pronunciation of a language, especially one associated with a particular nation, locality, or social class.
Theory that the movement of Indo-European languages in Turkey (Anatolia) followed the spread of plant domestication technologies
The system of writing used in China and other East Asian countries in which each symbol represents an idea or concept rather than a specific sound, as is the case with letters in English.
Of or relating to the family of languages spoken over the greater part of Europe and Asia as far as northern India. A group of nomadic peoples who may have come from the steppes
A theory that proposed a language family that includes IE, Uralic, Semitic, Dravidian, and Kartvelian; not supported by most linguists
A theory of language diffusion, which holds that the spread of Indo-European languages originated with animal domestication; originated in the Central Asian steppes; and was later more violent and swifter than proponents of the Anatolian hypothesis maintain.
One, single, alone
Speaking several languages
Most common language used in the nation: , language with the widest distribution and most speakers
The art or study of correct spelling according to established usage.
A speaker of many languages
A kind of language occurring chiefly in casual and playful speech, made up typically of short-lived coinages and figures of speech
Arrangement of words in phrases and sentences
Name given to a place on Earth
A language used between native speakers of different languages to allow them to communicate so that they can trade with each other.
Everyday language of ordinary people.
The body of words used in a particular language.
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