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60 terms

chem. 119 exam 4

STUDY
PLAY
tollens test is used to test for
aldehydes
why do alkenes exhibit cis/trans isomerism
double bonds make structure rigid. prevents hydrogens from moving.
general type of reaction of alkenes
addition
what catalysts are used in the hydrogenation of alkenes
pt,pd,ni
general type of reaction undergone by aromatic compounds
substitiution
reaction used to convert alkenes to alkanes
hydrogenation
type of compound produced by hydration of an alkene
alcohol
product formed in reaction between an alkene and a hydrogen halide
alkyl halide
reaction in which propene is converted to 2-chloropropane is an
hydrohalogenation
reaction type is most characteristic of aromatic compounds
substitution
conditions necessary in order for methane to react with chlorine
light or high temperature
family of organic compounds contains a benzene ring
aromatic
functional group found in alcohols
hydroxly
inorganic compounds tend to be better conductors of electricity than organic compounds
true
organic compounds tend to have higher boiling points than inorganic compounds
false
organic compounds tend to be more soluble in hexane than inorganic compounds
true
carboxyl functional group is found in all ketones
false
alkanes are more soluble in water than in nonpolar solvents
false
the condensed formula of a compound conveys the same information as the structural formula, but in a more concise form.
true
the n-propyl group is CH3CH2CH2-
true
2-methylhexane is an isomer of hexane
false
the chair and boat conformations of cyclohexane are isomers of each other
false
the chair conformation of cyclohexane is more stable than the boat conformation
true
carbon monoxide may be produced in the incomplete combustion of methane
true
all polyhalogenated compounds are environmentally safe as they break down rapidly to harmless products.
false
the common name of dichloromethane is methylene chloride
false
what is the common name of 1,2,3-proanetriol
glycerol
what is the IUPAC name of the reduced form of methanal
methanol
reduced
gain of 2 hydrogen
oxidized
loss of 2 hydrogen
class of organic compound produced by the dehydration of an alcohol
alkene
type of alcohol will not undergo oxidation under normal conditions
tertiary
general type of reaction occurring between potassium permanganate (or potassium dichromate) and an alcohol
oxidation
product of the oxidation of ethanol causes many symptoms of hangover
ethanal
important bond formed between two sulfhydryl (-SH) groups, plays a key role in the shapes of many proteins
disulfide bond
what role does coenzyme A perform in biochemical reactions
serves as carrier to acetyl groups
common name of 2-propanol
isopropyl alcohol
what is the IUPAC name of ethylene gylcol
1,2-ethanediol
type of compound produced by the hydration of an alkene
alcohol
type of compound produced by the reduction of aldehydes and ketones
alcohol
when an alcohol is heated with concentrated sulfuric acid (h2so4), what reaction type will occur
dehydration
starting material used to prepare formaldehyde
methanol
first stage in the oxidation of a primary alcohol produces an
aldehyde
a dehydration reaction occurring between two primary alcohol molecules will produce an
ether
functional group causes aldehydes and ketones to be moderately polar
carbonyl group
what class of compounds can easily be formed by oxidation of aldehydes
carboxylic acid
IUPAC name of the organic acid produced by oxidation of ethanol
ethanoic acid
what compound is produced by the oxidation of benzaldehyde
benzoic acid
two common laboratory tests used to distinguish between aldehydes and ketones
tollens test and benedict test
type of compound is produced in the reaction of a ketone molecule with two alcohol molecules in the presence of a trace of acid
ketal
common name of the ketone that is a common, versatile solvent
acetone
what kind of compound is produced by the oxidation of an aldehyde
carboxylic acid
compound produced by the reaction of an aldehyde with an alcohol in the presence of a trace of acid
hemiacetal
what pairs of reactant molecules can react tin the presence of a trace of acid to form a hemiacetal molecule
an aldehyde and alcohol
what reactant molecules can react in the presence of a trace of acid to give a ketal molecule
one ketone and two alcohol
what paris of molecules can together undergo the aldol condensation reaction
two aldehydes or two ketones
hydroxyl
OH
carbonyl
C=O
alkoxyl
...
carboxyl
OH-C=O