LVN PreReq Midterm - Gurnick

Convert the following. Round to the nearest hundredth. 82 kg to lb.
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Terms in this set (274)
Ventraltoward the bellyDorsaltoward the spineMedialtoward the middleLateralaway from the midlineProximalclose toDistalaway fromWhich of the following is NOT true about the structure of atoms?the third electron orbit can hold 16 electronsEating a diet high in fruit and veggies and low in animal fat to avoid heart disease isPrimary disease preventionThe body system that includes skinIntegumentaryFrontaldivides the body into anterior and posterior sectionsSagittalA plane that divides the body into right and left portions.Midsagittalthe plane dividing the body into equal right and left halvesTransversedivides the body horizontally into superior and inferior portionsA person's relationship with himself is part ofSpiritual Health DimensionDraw the atom of Magnesium (#12 on periodic table) Which of the following is true about its structureThe valency of magnesium will be 2, Magnesium becomes a cation, in neutral form electrons of magnesium occupy 3 orbitsWhich of the following is correct about Homeostasisit means the balance of all functions in the organismWhich of the following is true about Metabolismit is the sum of Anabolism and CatabolismThe correct order of hierarchy of structures in the body iscells, tissues, organs, organ systemsConvert the following. Round to nearest hundredth. 200 lb to kg90.91 kgThe body system that is composed of all the hormone-producing glands is:EndocrineHomeostasis isa state of balancewhich of the following is not true about energy and matter?The highest form of energy is lightKeeping a clean and organized home and clutter-free workplace is part of:Environmental Health DimensionWhich of the following is incorrect about anatomical positionthe body is in the prone positionThe lowest form of energy isHeatStudy of Disease is referred to asPathologyConvert the following. 55 kg to lb121 lbConvert the following. 143 lb to kg65 kgMatch the monomer with its polymer. NucleotideDNAMatch the monomer with its polymer Amino AcidProteinMatch the monomer with its polymer GlucoseCelluloseMatch the monomer with its polymer. Fatty acidsTriglycerideConvert to centimeters. 6'3"190.5 cmWhen one atom in a molecule donates electrons and another atoms accents them they participate in:Ionic bondWhich quadrant of the abdomen contains the spleen?LUQWhich of the following does NOT belong in the abdominal cavity?MediastinumWhen two atoms form a bond where atoms share electrons on the outermost orbits they participate in:Covalent BondThe Pleural cavity containsLungsWhen 1 carbon atom & 4 hydrogen atoms join together, they forma compoundConvert the following. 4'11"149.86 cmLithium and Fluorine can interact with each other becauseLithium wants to give up 1 electron, Fluorine wants to gain 1 electronThe brain is contained insideDorsal cavityWhich quadrant of the abdomen contains the appendix?RLQWhich of the following is NOT true about intermolecular interactions?Non-polar molecules are repulsed by each otherConvert the following into centimeters 5'7"170.18 cmWhich quadrant of the abdomen contains the liverRUQPelvic cavity contains these organs, except: Rectum, Urinary bladder, Reproductive organs, KidneysKidneysThe region of the abdomen inferior to the umbilical is:Hypogastric RegionThe region of the abdomen superior to the umbilical is:Epigastric RegionThe region lateral to the umbilical region is:Lumbar regionLateral to the epigastric region of the abdomen isHypochondrial regionThe region of the abdomen inferior to the lumbar is:Illiac regionWhich is an organic substance? h2o, ch4, o2, c2CH4The 6 most common elements in Biochem areC, H, N, O, P, SWhen two oxygen atoms form a bond with each other they form:a moleculeAreolar CT isthe tissue between skin and muscleConvert the following to inches. 200cm78.7 inchesWhich of the following types of epithelium consists of multiple layers of flat-looking cells?Stratified squamosMatch the protein structure with the appropriate characteristics of a digestive enzyme. Primary:Amino acid sequenceMatch the protein structure with the appropriate characteristics of a digestive enzyme. Secondary:Alpha helix, Beta pleated sheetMatch the protein structure with the appropriate characteristics of a digestive enzyme. Tertiary:3-d globulinMatch the protein structure with the appropriate characteristics of a digestive enzyme. QuaternaryFunctional enzymeConvert the following to inches. 17.5 dm68.9 inchesConvert to inches. 1.5 m59.06 inchesWhich of the following types of connective tissue is found in tendons and ligaments?Fibrous CTConvert to inches. 254 mm10 inchesIdentify the following muscles. Skeletal Musclecontain intercalated discsIdentify the following muscles. Smooth MuscleShort, non-striped cells, found in bronchial wallsIdentify the following muscles. Cardiac muslceLong, striped cells with multiple nucleiConvert to inches. 1750 mm68.9 inchesCells that are part of Nervous tissue but are not the neurons are collectively calledNeurogliaChondrocytes belong inHard CTCartilage is composed ofHard CtThe matrix of hard connective tissue contains the following except: Collagen, Elastin, Minerals, FibroblastsFibroblastsWhich of the following roles is Not a primary function of proteins in the body: hormone, receptor, enzyme, structural, energy fuelenergy fuelwhich of the following is true about schwann cells?they are filled with myelin, they wrap themselves around axons, they protect axons, they are part of neurogliaWhich of the following is NOT made of epithelium?FasciaMonomers are put together into polymeric chains by reaction of:DehydrationWhich of the following is a non-digestible polysaccharide?CelluloseWhich of the following produces mucus?Goblet cellsThe bonds that hold amino acids in a protein chain are calledPeptide bondsBone is composed ofHard CTIf ATP is like a rechargeable battery, when it's discharged it becomes:ADPReading a sequence of nucleotides and decoding it into a sequence of amino acids that will make up a new protein is calledTranslationThe process of copying a single gene from the DNA library yieldsmRNAThe entire DNA library in the cell nucleus is divided into sections calledChromosomesApproximately one third of Americans are considered overweight or obese. This statement is aboutPrevalence of obesityThe difference between DNA and RNA isDNA has two strands but RNA has just oneStudy of the cause of the disease is calledEtiologyThe matching strands of DNA are held together byHydrogen bondsNausea is an example ofSymptomHuman tissue cells recharge ATP using the energy of:foodInfectious disease acquired at clinical institutions are calledNosocomialThe high energy bond of the ATP molecule isbetween the second and third phosphate groupsCatching a disease in its earliest stages by getting regular checkups isSecondary disease preventionWhen a medication causes an unpleasant side-effect, such as nausea, this symptom would be calledIatrogenicTay-Sachs disease most likely falls in this categoryGenetic diseaseNucleotides of RNA do not includedeoxyriboseConvert 0.002 L to mcL2000 mcLConvert 2200 dL to liters220 LThe heart chamber that receives oxygenated blood coming from the lungs isLeft AtriumConvert 1.25 liters to mL1250 mLLipid oxidation causes fats to becomerancidThe heart valve that serves as the exit from the left ventricle isAortic valveConvert 0.5 mL to mcL500 mcLThe heart valve that serves as a one way door between the left atrium and left ventricle ismitral valveThe heart chamber that receives blood from vena cava isright atriumthe following does NOT contain cholesterolpeanut butterLipid oxidation is caused byfree radicalsThe adverse result of such chemical reaction is the production ofTrans-fatsFree radicals are molecules thathave an abnormal number of electronsWhich of the following can slow down lipid oxidation or stop it altogether?Vitamin EThis is a good source of unsaturated fatAlmondsWhich of the following is NOT a function of cholesterol in the bodysource of energyThe function of Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Thromboxanes isto serve as local messengersThe heart valve that serves as the exit from the right ventricle isPulmonary valveWhich of the following fats is seen in animal products and palm trees?Saturated fatsThe heart chamber that contracts and sends blood out to the aorta isLeft ventricleConvert 325 mcl to ml0.325 mLThe heart chamber that sends the blood to the Pulmonary Artery isRight VentricleConvert 1200cc to liters1.2 L725 mL to liters0.725 LConvert 25 mL to dL0.25 dLWhich of the following fats is a solid at room temperature?Saturated fatsConvert 2500 mcl to L0.0025 LConvert 1.1 cc to mcl1100 mclThe membrane that surrounds the heart ispericardiumWhich of the following is a Pro-oxidantOxygenLiquid oils can be converted into solid fats by this type of chemical reactionHydrogenationWhich of the following veggies has the lowest antioxidant content?Iceberg lettuceMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Cell Nucleuscontains and protects DNAMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Nucleolusproduces ribosomesMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Ribosometranslates mRNA into a polypeptide chainMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Endoplasmic Reticulumnavigates mRNA out of the nucleus to meet with the RibosomesMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Golgi Apparatusactivates newly made proteinsMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Cytoplasmfluid that serves as medium for most chemical reactionsMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Cytoplasmic membraneseparates inside the cell from outsideMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Vacuoleserves as a containerMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Mitochondrionproduces most ATP'sMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Lysosomecontains digestive enzymesMatch the organelle of a Eukaryote with their function. Centriolesgoverns cell divisionA fluid that has a concentration of particles higher than cytoplasm is consideredhypertonicCytoplasmic membrane is composed mostly ofphospholipid and proteinsEndocytosis ismovement of particles into the cell by forming a vesicleGlucose moves from blood into cells byFacilitated diffusionOxygen moves from lung alveoli into blood bysimple diffusionSimple diffusion is when molecules moveDown the concentration gradientThe correct air flow during inhalation isPharynx, Larynx, Bronchi, Trachea, Bronchioles, AlveoliThe fluid inside the cell is also referred to asIntercellular fluidThe passive movement of water molecules is calledOsmosisWater molecules move towardhypertonic solutionWhat do bacterial cells have that animal cells lackcell wallwhen molecules can spontaneously move across cell membrane its calledpassive transportwhich of the following is considered a prokaryote? yeast, mold, plant, bacteria, virusBacteriawhich of the following is correct about Pneumothoraxit can cause dyspnea, it is when air accumulates in the pleural space, it can cause a collapse of a lung or a lobe of a lung, it can be alleviated by thoracentesiswhich of the following is not true about lung anatomypleural space is the space between the lung and the pleural membranewhich of the following is not true about Prokaryotes?they are more anatomically complex than euaryotesWhich of the following is not true about the protein pump?it happens spontaneouslyWhich of the following is NOT true about the Upper Respiratory Tract anatomy?Epiglottis, located under the Larynx closes the entrance into the respiratory waysWhich of the following is the similarity between Protein Pump and Facilitated Diffusion?They both require molecules passing through membrane proteinWhich of the following modes of cross-membrane transport requires ATP;s to be spent?PhagocytosisHow many teaspoons are in 1/4cup12 tspConvert 5 fl.oz to mL150 mLConvert 180ml to oz6oz7 oz cup holds how many mL210 mlHow many tbsp in 1 quart?64 tbspThe sphincter that controls the rate of passing of the chyme from the stomach into the duodenum is calledPyloric SphincterThe Bile, necessary for digestion and absorption of lipids is produced byLiverPyruvate is the product ofGlycolysisWhich of the following is not a function of the stomach?Digest and absorb most carbohydrates and fatsByproduct of anaerobic respiration must be removed from cells, recycled, and turned back into glucose by the liver. This process is calledGluconeogenesisWhich of the following steps in respiration of glucose is irreversible?Conversion of Pyruvate into Acetyl groupUsing food molecules to produce ATP's inside tissue cells is referred to ascellular respirationThe role of Villi in the small intestine isto increase the surface area of the small intestineWhen a cell has a choice to use protein, fat, or glucose for fuel, the cell prefers:glucosethe accessory digestive organs do not includekidneysaerobic respiration of 1 glucose molecule can yield up to38 ATP'smost water and electrolytes are absorbed incolonwhen animal cells do not receive adequate oxygen, they can use glucose anaerobically. Anaerobic respiration of glucose yields2 ATP'sAt the end of glycolysis, 1 glucose molecule yields2 ATP molecules producedWhich of the following organs belongs with the digestive system but is not a part of the alimental canalgall bladdera medication is infusing at 50ml/hr. How many ml will infuse over the entire day?1200mlcombustion reactions involvereactions of molecules with oxygenwhich of the following steps in nutrient processing is not completed by the digestive systemdistributionA medication is infusing at the rate of 1.2 mL per minute. How much of the medication will be infused after 8 hours?576 mLWhich of the following processes in Glucose respiration does NOT require oxygen?GlycolysisThe role of the appendix in the digestive tract isNone- it does not have a digestive functionA patient is getting an IV fluid infusion. He is to receive a total volume of 1000ml of this fluid. The rate of infusion is 50ml/hr. How many hours will it take to complete this infusion?20 hrsWhich of the following is considered a micronutrient?VitaminAnaerobic respiration of glucose in muscle cells results in the production ofLactic acidA patient is to receive 1680 ml of a tube feeding over the entire day. What should be the infusion rate in ml/hour?70ml/hrA patient is receiving a continuous infusion of a medication. The total amount to be infused is 1440 ml per day. What is the rate if this infusion per minute?1ml/minConvert into Celsius. Normal axillary body temperature (under arm) is 97.5 F36.39 COnce the filtrate enters the nephron, this is the correct flow of the filtrateProximal convoluted tubule, Loop of Henle, Distal convoluted tubule, Collecting DuctWhich of the following is NOT true about amino acid catabolism?Ammonia is excreted by the kidneysThe smallest functional unit of the kidney that filters blood and produces urine isNephronThe outer layer of the kidney is calledrenal cortexwhich of the following is not truehyperammonemia is indication of poor kidney functionConvert to celsius. Normal core body temp (oral, rectal, ear) 98.6 F37 CWhich of the following is not true about the use of fats for energyfat can be turned into glucose in case of hypoglycemiawhich of the following molecules cannot pass from glomerus into the nephron therefore must not be found in urineproteinsConvert to celsius. 104 F40 C95 F convert to celcius35 CThe primary purpose of dietary protein isto provide amino acids to make new proteinsdeamination of amino acids yields this metabolic waste productammoniafatty acids can be broken into acetyl groups bybeta-oxidationthe urine is drained from each kidney via theuretersthe filtration of blood in the nephron happens inbowmans capsulewhen amino acids get deaminated, the immediate product isketoacidswhen using fat for energy, animal cells producecarbon dioxide and waterwhich of the following of the urinary system involves inflammation of the urinary bladder with frequent and painful urinationcystitisconvert to celsius. 100 F37.78 cWhen you eat too much carbohydratesYou store some as glycogenSome excess glucose can be turned to glycogen. The limit of glycogen storage isabout 2 lbafter glycogen stores are built to their maximum, excess glucose is converted intofatsexcess dietary fat isstored as istissue cells cn do the following with excess amino acids exceptstore them for laterthe primary purpose of dietary protein isto provide amino acids as building blocks for making new proteinsWhen amino acids are used for purposes other than building proteins, the following are true exceptketoacids are excreted as metabolic wasteWhich of the following does not happen during nutrient deprivation(fasting)?Leptin levels increaseIn the first 5-7 days of a very low calorie diet, it is typical to lose about 10lb of weight. What is the composition of the weight loss?Glycogen and waterThe state of ketosis indicates thatGlycogen stores are depleted, fat stores are being broken down, fat is turned into ketonesTissue that cannot use ketones as the sole source of energy and must use glucose isbrainwhen carbohydrates are unavailable, and glycogen stores are depleted, this is used as the source of glucosemuscle proteinAfter the dieting period is over, the following is true, except:the body has become leanerwhich of the following is not true about the atkins diet?it is a very low carb diet, which is good solution for diabetic patientswhich of the following is true about the Ornish dietit was designed for cardiac rehab patients, it is a very low fat diet, it tends to be high in carbs leading to hypoglycemic crashes shortly after meals, it may cause cells to turn excess glucose into fatwhich of the following types of neurons picks up the action potentials from sensory organs and carries information toward the brainafferentWhich of the following parts of the neuron contains the nucleussomawhich of the following is an effect of the sympathetic nervous stimulationpupils dilatingwhich of the following belongs in the peripheral nervous systemsciatic nervewhich of the following is the last step of the reflex arceffector organ carries out the responsethe part of the enzyme where reactants attach is calledbinding sitewhich of the following is not true about enzymesall enzymes catalyze reactions going only one wayenzymes usually catalyze a reaction only for specific substrates because of the specific shape ofthe binding site pocketswhich of the following is a cofactor for an enzyme that copies DNAzincwhich of the following is not true about coenzymes and cofactorscoenzymes and cofactors must be ingested in large amounts for the enzymes to have enoughThe following can denature an enzyme exceotlow pressurewhich of the following is not true about pH scalethe solution that has a high concentration of hydrogen protons will have a high pH numberEven if you don't know the pH of Hyaluronic acid, which of the following could it be? 7.8, 13.2, 10.4, 2.12.1 pHFor the following descriptions of an enzyme inhibitors match them with these three types of enzyme inhibitor types: The inhibitor is the product of the reactionFeedback inhibitionFor the following descriptions of an enzyme inhibitors match them with these three types of enzyme inhibitor types: The inhibitor is the substrate of the reactionnone of the aboveFor the following descriptions of an enzyme inhibitors match them with these three types of enzyme inhibitor types: the inhibitor temporarily occupies the binding site in the enzymecompetitive inhibitionFor the following descriptions of an enzyme inhibitors match them with these three types of enzyme inhibitor types: the inhibitor permanently changes the enzymes shape, deactivating it indefinitelynon-competitive inhibitionThe center for Heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rateMedulla OblongataThe center of homeostatic control of most body functions including body temperature isHypothalamusThe center of control of body's movement, posture, and coordination isCerebellumthe part of the brain that controls the cough reflex and vomit reflexMedulla OblongataThe part of the brain that belongs in the DiencephalonHypothalamusThe largest part of the brain in humans, responsible for conscious thought, decision making, information processingCerebrumPart of the Limbic system responsible for Learning and memory formationHippocampusPart of the Limbic system responsible for wakefulness and alertnessRASThe outermost part o the brain that consists of gray, unmyelinated neuronsCerebral CortexPart of the Limbic system responsible for emotionsAmygdalaThe right and left cerebral hemispheres are separated from each other byLongitudinal fissurefrontal lobeLocated behind the forehead boneparietal lobelocated at the top of headtemporal lobelocated at the right and left sides of the brainoccipital lobelocated in the back of headFocuses the brainAdrenalineProduces the sense of pleasure, joy, rewardDopamineProduces calm, peace, contentmentserotoninSlows brain neurons activity, causes sedationGABABlocks perception of painEndorphin