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November History Test

Terms in this set (95)

- Early in the war, Virginia had seceded, but Maryland had not yet seceded; if Maryland seceded, then DC would be surrounded by enemy territory
- A week after the first battle, 20,000 Confederate sympathizers in Baltimore tried to block Union soldiers from traveling between train stations from DC which caused a riot
- Lincoln could not determine who was responsible for blocking the Union soldiers or who started the riot, but he knew if he didn't act, too many Union soldiers would die which would mean that they would likely lose the battle and losing the war would render the Constitution meaningless
- Lincoln suspended Habeas Corpus on April 27, 1861 along the route from Philadelphia to DC
- Legal right (write) equivalent to "the right not to be imprisoned without charge"; enumerated multiple times in the Constitution; Article 1 says it can only be suspended during times of rebellion or invasion
- A marylander arrested for rebellious activities filed a habeas petition where the judge agreed with him but the commanding officer of the prison cited Lincoln's order and refused to release him
- Lincoln says "Are all the laws but one to go unexecuted, and the Government itself go to pieces lest that one be violated?"
- First military draft is established by Congress in 1862 but it is unpopular and hard to enforce
- Secretary of War Edwin Stanton suspends Habeas Corpus nationwide (first-time) and allows local sheriffs to decide arbitrarily who was loyal; results in an all-time high number of arrests the next month
- Lincoln advocates in 1863 for the creation of military-tribunals which have fewer rights for defendants; Missouri was the only place where military tribunals took place in the war