Terms in this set (74)
What is the "Hobbesian" model of international relations according to the Constructivist view?
states are enemies
One of the main arguments of feminist theories that female leaders are supposed to be ______ compared to men.
less corrupt and less prone to violence
According to psychoanalysis, an absent father in a political leader's childhood stimulates his desire to:
be liked and admired
General expectations about how decision-makers ought to react to certain international situations are called:
Political leaders' relationships with their parents is a central theme of studies in:
What is a "grand narrative" of a political leader according to the notes?
a distinct set of beliefs and goals
According to psychoanalytic theories of political behavior, leaders born away from their mainland tend to strive for:
significant political power
Theorists of psychoanalysis argue that one of the most significant formative experiences of Vladimir Lenin (the leader of the Russian revolution) was:
the death of his brother
Muller in his paper on nationalism argues that Europeans entered a post national era based on the belief that:
nationalism was a tragic detour on the road to a peaceful liberal democratic order
According to the constructivist view discussed in class, Japan in the 1920s and 1930s became an increasingly antagonistic state due to its...
What is the best description of the Lucifer Effect?
good people may easily turn to evil behavior
Which two types of nationalism does E. Gellner discuss in his "Nations and Nationalism" article?
"unifying" and "separating"
The individual motivation (and the grand narrative) of Hugo Chaves was rooted in:
idealism, populism, and permanent confrontation
What is the main feature of the "Kantian culture" of IR?
states are friends
Leninism, Stalinism and Maoism are inseparable parts of which theory?
According to Frank Sulloway theory, birth order matters; b/c of the evolutionary hierarchy in families, first born children are likely to be:
Milgram's conclusions about political behavior stem from his basic research of:
obedience to authority
Marxism and feminism belong to the group of theories known as:
A cluster of examples presented in class about Sarkozy, Napoleon, Stalin and Lenin focused on:
the height of these political leaders
Why do good people commit bad acts according to Milgram?
because people delegate moral responsibility to authority figures
The main conclusion of the article "Why Hawks Win" is that:
hawkish beliefs are built in the cognitive structure of the human mind
How did Western Europe suppress nationalism according to Muller?
by ethnic disaggregation
Margaret Mead - a prominent anthropologist - in her essay on warfare argued that the most influential causes of war are:
"Anarchy is what states make of it," is a suggestion supported by which view of international relations?
What is "soft power"?
the ability to capture imagination
What is the main idea of constructivism as an approach to IR?
States' interests are socially constructed thus they are influenced by societal factors and outside influences in the international realm
Feminist scholars suggest that countries that tolerate aggression against women are:
inherently more aggressive
According to President Arias, Latin America should accept that four regional cultural traits are obstacles that need to be overcome; what are they?
resistance to change, absence of confidence, fragile democratic norms and obsession with militarism
Mustafa Kemal, Bill Clinton and Barack Obama shared one similar childhood experience:
they did not have fathers
The first psychobiography book was written about which US president?
Why did Lenin call imperialism the "highest" stage of capitalism?
he believed it would be its last stage
The views of Milton Friedman and Friedrich Hayek represent theories of:
Describe what best characterizes the South.
The South has a limited economy based primarily on agriculture and the production of raw materials.
Economist John Keynes defended which type of capitalism?
Which economic theory introduced the idea of "class interests"?
A government pursuing the major goal of maintaining surplus-oriented domestic economy promote what type of economic policy?
Why is asymmetrical warfare effective?
it is difficult to retaliate against the agents of this warfare
According to lectures, what is the "June 1941" syndrome?
fear of a sudden attack
What does Jeffrey Sachs argue about the damaging impact of?
During the Cuban Missile Crisis, which country brought its missiles and where?
the Soviet Union in Cuba
What is the use of violence to exterminate the opposition, consolidate a state's hold on power, and make radical changes called?
The Emile Henri case was used in class to introduce the concept of:
In The End of Poverty, Sachs argues that poverty would be completely eliminated if the rich countries would pay:
$200 billion for 20 years
What does MAD stand for?
Mutual Assured Destruction
What was the ultimate goal of the terrorist acts organized by the People's Will?
removal of the oppressive government in Russia
What two countries used MAD as their deterrence strategy?
the USA and the Soviet Union
What does Machiavelli's position in his article reflect his view of?
North Korea, since the 1950s, has accepted the economic strategy called autarky; this means that North Korea:
promotes economic isolation and self-reliance
In centrally planned economies, who/what sets prices and decides on quotas for production?
Mercantilism, as an approach to understanding international political economy, resembles what one perspective on IR?
To explain poverty, economists Abhijit Banerjee and Ester Duflo wrote what famous book?
What were the 2 main factors affecting countries' acquisition of nuclear weapons in 1945-the 1990s?
deterrence and prestige
What are the 3 key problems affecting global poverty according to Abhijit Banerjee and Ester Duflo?
inertia, ideology and ignorance
Explain "Security Dilemma" in one sentence.
While procuring security for your own state, you inherently identify yourself as a target which could compromise the security you aim to have.
Which political leader (according to the lecture and notes) was building his economic policies on the principles of Asian socialism and profound isolationism and in which country?
Kim Il Jung, North Korea
In brief, what was the essence of the view of war in the article by Norman Angell (The Great Illusion)?
economic cooperation prevents war
International economic cooperation and international peace are interconnected. However, according to Geoffrey Blainey, which of them is the cause and which is the effect?
Peace is the cause; he believed that war prevents economic cooperation
According to Joseph Schumpeter, which system is better for international peace, imperialism or Capitalism and which one would replace the other?
capitalism; it would eventually replace imperialism
What describes the Dependency Theory?
the world economic system benefits primarily the elites of the industrially developed nations and local elites of the periphery
What scholar was a major theoretical source for Al Qaeda and Bin Laden?
Comparative advantage theories support the assumptions of which approach to international political economy?
Economic nationalists generally suspicious of economic interdependence because they believe that...
it undermines state sovereignty and weakens national economic strength
Name one key feature of asymmetrical warfare.
difficult distinctions between fighters and civilians
Insurgency and terrorism are also called...
Sayyid Qutb hoped to see the world as a peaceful co-existence of self-governing communes without a central government above them. This view closely resembles another revolutionary theory called:
In 1961, JFK became the new American president. He inherited the doctrine of "massive retaliation". What was this retaliation against?
the Cold War, USSR, Krushev
The "Star Wars" was an informal name for which US defensive policy?
strategic defense initiative used by the US against the USSR
"Prisoner's Dilemma", "Game of Chicken", "Stag Hunt", and "Battle of the Sexes" all refer to which theory of IR?
What is the focus of political socialization studies?
formative political experiences of an individual
It is widely assumed that Chinese policy has to be guided by the respect of authority, collectivism, hard work, discipline, humanism, and personal modesty. What is the common name of these principles applied to China?
Which group of theories highlights the role of social classes, ruling elites, and other dominant groups in shaping foreign policy of states?
Theorists of psychoanalysis argue that one of the most significant and traumatic formative experiences of German dictator Adolf Hitler was:
his failure to get accepted in art schools
According to psychoanalysis where is the main cause of the world's problems including international conflicts?
in the psyche of human beings
Name 3 obstacles that, according to Bin Laden, his organization should have confronted:
Jews, corrupt Muslim societies and the West