Important Supreme Court Cases (AP Gov)
Terms in this set (17)
Smith v Allwright (1944)
Outlawed White primaries held by the Democratic Party, in violation of the 15th Amendment.
Wesberry v Sanders (1963)
Ordered House districts to be as near equal in population as possible.
Buckley v Valeo (1976)
1st Amendment protects campaign spending; legislatures can limit contributions, but not how much one spends of his own money on campaigns.
Shaw v Reno (1993)
The Court ruled that although it was a legitimate goal for state legislatures to take race into account when they draw electoral districts in order ot increase the voting strength of minorities, they may not make race the sole reason for drawing district lines.
Bush v Gore (2000)
Use of 14th Amendment's equal protection clause to stop the Florida recount in the election of 2000.
Brown v Board of Education (1954)
Linda Brown was forced to walk 21 blocks over tracks even, to go to school. Thurgood Marshal argued that this was unconstitutional and Earl Warren agreed. Segregation was struck down finally (however it was far from over)! Most people were happy, but many in the South resisted.
Plessy v Ferguson (1896)
Separate but equal facilities based upon race is constitutional.
Gideon v Wainwright (1963)
If a defendant cannot afford an attorney the state must provide one. Incorporated the 6th amendment.
Griswold v Connecticut (1965)
Established that there is an implied right to privacy in the U.S. Constitution.
Marbury v Madison (1803)
Established the principle of judicial review.
Miranda v Arizona (1966)
The court ruled that those subjected to in-custody interrogation be advised of their constitutional right to an attorney and their right to remain silent.
Roe v Wade (1973)
Decriminalized abortion. Due to privacy implied in the Bill of Rights.
Schenck v United States (1919)
Declared that government can limit speech if the speech provokes a "clear and present danger" of substantive evils.
Clinton v New York City (1996)
A line item veto for the president is unconstitutional. It is a legislative authority not executive.
Fletcher v. Peck (1810)
First time court overturned state law on constitutional grounds.
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
Reinforced the Supremacy Clause of the Constitution
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
Affirmed federal control of interstate commerce under commerce clause of the Constitution.