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Developmental Stages !
Terms in this set (36)
What is Freud's Psycho Sexual Development Theory about ?
Freud believed that personality was made through sexual areas during child hood
(mouth, anus, penis)
he believed life was built around tension and pleasure
connected to pleasure and the Id
Is unconscious Primal energy
"I need to eat right this second!!"
it seeks pleasure and demands immediate statisfaction
is the judge between the Id & Superego (Mediation ) lets work togther
it makes sure that your primal impuses (Id) are in check and expressed in an acceptable way in the real world.
its Unconscious & Concsicous
Rules learned by parents and society
The moral compass
hold guide lines to keep us civilize
starts at age 5 yrs old
"Good people don't thing about those things"
0 months - 1 year old
infant main interaction through the world is through their mouth
Ex: Eating and sucking
1 - 3 years old
Controling bladder and bowel is the main focus
Too much toleit presure - can lead to issues with parents
Less toliet training - can lead to messy or destructive beahvior
3 - 6 years old
Children become aware of their Genitals and Gender
boy feels he is in competition with his dad
(6 - Puberty )
Sexual Id Energies are suppressed
kids become more social outside of their family
(Puberty - Adult)
Child becomes sexual attractive to opposite sex
Piaget Developmental Theory
The nature and development of Human intelligence
Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget (french
Equilibrium associated with which psychologist ?
incorporating new information into an existing schema (how to react to outside stimuli)
Modification of existing schemas (how to react to outside stimuli))
which lead to adaptaion
Equilibrium is achieved through a combination of
- Accommodation & Adaption
Basic Building blocks for cognitive model or intelligent behavior
how to react to outside stimuli)
when you see something flying in the air the schema makes you call it a "Bird!"
Piaget's ? How many
Senseiormotor (A,B, C
Piaget Stage 1
Birth - 1 years old
babies learn mainly through sensory actions
3 achievements during this stage
- Symbolic Thought
What are the 3 achievements in the Sensorimotor Stage Piaget
Object Permanence - Child realizes things still exist after its out of sight
Causality - Child learns the law of cause and effect
Symbolic Thought - Child understand words represent a symbol or thing
Sensorimotor Stage 1 A - Piaget
Child realizes that objects still exist even after they are out of sight
Sensorimotor Stage 1 B - Piaget
Child learns the connection of Cause and Effect
moving a toy to a differne
Sensorimotor Stage 1 C - Piaget
They understand a word represents an object
When child starts to use language/symbols to thing before he acts
Piaget -STAGE 2
2 - 7 years old
- Child learns through mental images
- Symbolic functions
- can solve problems mentally
Concrete Operational -
7 - 11 years old
Child is able to use logic and and abstract thinking to solve problems in a smart way
Formal Operational Stage
11 - Young Adult years
"Thinking about thinking"
Able to make hypothesis
Erikson's Developmental Theory
Believes that personality develops in a predetermined order through an 8 stage process from infancy to Adult.
Each stage the person faces a psycho social Crisis which could have a positive or neg effect
TA -4 I's- GE
"The 4 Eyed Ge"
Trust vs. Mistust
0 - 18 Months
"Can I trust the people around me?"
Child develops a sense of trust when caregivers provided reliability, care and affection, a lack of this will lead to mistrust
Autonomy vs. Shame & doubt
18 months - 3 years
"Can i do things myself or do I always need to rely on others"
Child develops a sense of personal control over physical skills a sense of independence
Toilet Training/ Dressing
Initiative vs Guilt (Pre School)
3 - 6 years
"am I good or bad"
setting goals and carrying out plans without interfering with others
Industry vs Inferiority (Elementary & Middle school)
6 - 12 years
6 - 11 years old
"How CAN I be good?"
School & Activities
children need to cope with new social & academic demands.
Identity vs Role Confusion
12 - 18
"Who am I and where am I going?"
teens need to develop a sense of self & personal identity
Intimacy vs Isolation
19 - 40 yrs old
"Am I loved & wanted"
Young adults need to form intimate loving relationship with other people
Generativity vs Stagnation
40 - 65 years old
Work & Parenthood
will I provide something of real value?
Adults need to create or nuture things that will outlast them. creating families or positive change that benefits others
Ego Identity vs Despair
65 - Death
Reflection on Life
"Have I lived a full Life?
Older adults need to look back on life a feel a sense of fulfillment
Order of Erik's 4 eye's iiii
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