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Self Test 10.1
Terms in this set (24)
On the eve of the American Civil War, the strengths of the _________ included maximum mobilization of European-American males for military service, a strong military tradition in the regional culture, and a qualitatively superior cavalry force.
On the eve of the American Civil War, both the North and the South each had a number of significant weaknesses. From the list below, select the FOUR weaknesses that presented problems for the SOUTH.
A) Agricultural sector lacked diversity
B) Member states subscribed to a strong states' rights ideology
C) The national government structure was not established
D) Need to win the war in a way that would allow for the winning of the peace
E) Notably uneven popular support for the war as it began
F) Strategic factors required the waging of an aggressive war of invasion
G) Strongly held consensus that the war must be won very quickly, lest popular
support for the war effort evaporated
H) A weak manufacturing sector was limited in its ability to produce weapons and
A B C H
There are various ways to assess the prospects of the different sides as they are about to go to war. One way is to evaluate the resources that are available to apply to the war effort. Another is to evaluate the complexity of the particular strategic issues that will need to be taken into account in determining how to go about trying to win the war. In looking at the CSA and the USA in the Spring of 1861, which side had superior resources but faced more serious difficulties in figuring how to use those resources so that they could both win the war AND win the peace?
A) Confederate States of America
B) United States of America
USA General who devised the Anaconda Plan to blockade the CSA from all external commercial contact.
A) Ulysses GRANT
B) Winfield SCOTT
C) William T. SHERMAN
D) Charles SUMNER
. Of the following border states, which one(s) seceded from the USA and joined the CSA.
E) West Virginia
F) Both Kentucky and Missouri
G) Both Kentucky and West Virginia
H) Both Maryland and Missouri
I) None of the border states joined the CSA
Naval operations during the American Civil War can be broadly divided into two categories: those that took place on the various rivers and lakes of America and those that took place off shore in the oceans (and gulfs) of the world. Most river deployments were undertook in support of or coordinated with ground force deployments and are commonly known as _______________.
A) Blue Water Operations
B) Brown Water Operations
There was relatively little room for strategic maneuver in the ______________ Theater of Operations but, because of the close proximity of the two national capitals, it is said to be the theater where either side could lose the war.
One of the fundamental rights in the United States is that a person cannot be held (denied their personal freedom) by the government without due cause. To protect this right, the American legal system guarantees that a person being held can have a judge determine if due cause exists. During the ACW, both the North and the South denied this right, holding (respectively), 13,000 and 4,100 citizens in custody without establishing due cause. The legal right violated here by both the USA and the CSA is known as the Writ of ____________________.
B) Ex Post Facto
C) Habeas Corpus
The first shots of the American Civil War were fired upon Fort Sumter on Friday 12 April 1861. Where is Fort Sumter located?
A) Alexandria, Virginia
B) Charleston, South Carolina
C) Jacksonville, Florida
D) Mobile, Alabama
E) Norfolk, Virginia
F) Savannah, Georgia
At the beginning of the American Civil War, the Lincoln Administration adopted a ____________________ policy towards civilians in the Confederate States of America.
B) Hard War
C) Salutary Neglect
TRUE or FALSE: The first battle between ironclad warships took place in March 1862 when the CSS Virginia battled the USS Monitor at Hampton Roads.
Early battles fought in the Eastern Theater during the American Civil War tended to be strategically insignificant. Early battles fought in the Western Theater, however, resulted in the United States gaining strategic positional advantages over the Confederate States. From the list below, pick the names of THREE of those battles fought in the Western Theater during the first year-and-a-half of the American Civil War.
A) Battle of Fredericksburg
B) Battle of Shiloh
C) Capture of New Orleans
D) First Battle of Manassas/Bull Run
E) March to the Sea
F) the Peninsula Campaign
G) Second Battle of Manassas/Bull Run
H) Siege of Vicksburg/Petersburg
I) Surrender of Fort Donelson
B C I
This was the agricultural commodity that Confederates
hoped to use to leverage England into becoming a formal ally of the CSA.
Name of the influential military theorist who argued that concentration would allow one to bring maximum force to bear on decisive points and thereby win strategic victory in battle.
Term used to label naval operations that occurred on rivers and lakes, usually in support of ground operations.
brown water operations
Term used to label naval operations that occurred off coast and out in the ocean. During the American Civil War these types of operations focused on economic warfare, such as the USA's blockade of Southern ports and CSA commerce raiding.
blue water operations
This is the type of vessel that the CSA attempted to use to defeat the U.S. Navy's blockade of CSA ports. These vessels sought to use speed and agility to evade the blockading warships.
State in which Fort Sumter can be found.-
Name of the new state created during the ACW when _
counties from a state that had joined the CSA seceded from that
state in order to rejoin the USA. This action caused both the USA
and the CSA to "flip-flop" on the legality of secession.
This was the border state that initially attempted to remain neutral during the ACW.
. In this, the first major battle of the ACW fought in the Eastern Theater of Operations on 21 July 1861, the South enjoyed victory.
In its wake, President LINCOLN called for 100,000 more troops
for the Union Army.
First Bull Run
This was a new type of warship, named after the material used to provide armor as protection from enemy shot and shell. The first two American examples of this class of warship - the CSS Virginia and the USS Monitor - fought in March 1862 at Hampton Roads.
This was the side that won the Battle of Fort Donelson and the Battle of Shiloh, both fought in the western theater.
. In April 1862 Northern military forces secured both the Northern and Southern portions of this river, delivering a major
blow to the South.
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