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Dred Scott v. Sanford
scott was a slave in one state, went to free land, then went back to slave state wanting to be considered free; decision was no
Plessy v. Ferguson
plessy was 1/8 black man who sat on white bus; decision was he had to move to the black bus
Schenck v. United States
thought that he could type things against the espionage act; decision was he can't go against the us
Korematsu v. United States
the US locked up anybody that looked japanese after the pearl harbor attack, so korematsu refused to leave his home; he had to leave by a 6-3 vote
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas
linda brown was denied to go to white schools everyday; she won her case unanimously
Mapp v. Ohio
a search warrant looking for a fugitive but snooped big time, finding obscene books and pictures; dropped conviction with a 6-3 vote
Baker v. Carr
aportionment, didn't redraw the lines in TN after 10 years; vote 6-2 in favor of redrawing lines
Engel v. Vitale
prayer in school was okay, but Engel objected to this practice; prayer in school is gone due to ruling of 6-1
Abington Township v. Schempp
public schools required students to read 10 versus of the bible in PA, but the town didn't like it; no bible readings in school
Gideon v. Wainwright
gideon was a poor man, a thief, served 4 prison terms, however asked for an attorney and didnt get one, he was guilty in lower courts; final ruling in favor of him
Reynolds v. Sims
in AL people weren't happy about the district lines; ruled 8-1 they had to redraw the lines (one man, one vote)
Miranda v. Arizona
was arrested at home, accused of kidnap and rape, wasn't aware that he could remain silent; ruled in his favor 5-4 vote, it was against constitution
In re Gault
15 year old, prank call, he went to juvenile without parent notification; ruled in his favor because parents weren't notified
Tinker v. Des Moines School
family spoke out against the vietnam war by wearing arm bands during christmas, they were removed from schools; ruled in their favor, they could wear them
Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
segregated by creating discriminate bus routes; ruled to change it
Wisconsin v. Yoder
every child is required to attend public school until 16, but it was against members of the amish religion; ruled in their favor, it was against freedom of religion
Roe v. Wade
a girl wanted an abortion but the doctor wouldn't do it in TX; ruled in favor of her if in the first trimester 7-2, overturning 46 states
United States v. Nixon
spies went to a hotel to record discussions for the campaign, watergate scandal; ruled to turn over the tapes
New Jersey v. T.L.O.
14 year old smoked in bathroom at school, the principle searched her purse; school didn't violate constitution, school won
Hazelwood School District v. Kuhlmeier
birth control was put into school newspaper, principle said not to put it in there; 5-3 voting that schools can censor the newspaper
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