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CDP: Lower Extremity
Terms in this set (23)
Which hip dislocations are most common?
Central hip dislocations are always associated with ___________ fracture
Always think about concurrent acetabular fractures. If the femoral head remains too lateral post-reduction, or pt has persistent pain, suspect retained ____________. Evaluate with CT.
A slipped capital femoral epiphysis is more common in (boys/girls)
In patients with slipped capital femoral epiphysis, there is increased risk of AVN with manipulation, so ____________
move leg as little as possible
Which type of fracture looks like ice cream falling off cone?
slipped capital femoral epiphysis
(ACL/PCL) tears usually have to be surgically corrected, while patients with (ACL/PCL) tears may not need surgery.
A condition in which the femoral head dies because of a temporary loss of blood supply to it
Perthes disease occurs in children ages _______ - _______ years old
Which type of view should be done to look at the ankle?
Whenever a pt presents with ankle pain, you should always palpate the ___________ as well
An external rotation injury of the ankle with an associated fracture of the proximal third of the fibula.
Calcaneal fractures are usually caused by a _________ & usually require surgical correction
avulsion fracture of the base of the fifth metatarsal
Jones fractures (do/do not) require surgery
apophysitis of calcaneus (inflamed growth plate)
Type ______ Salter-Harris fractures are difficult to see on x-ray
Type _____ Salter Harris fractures go straight across
Type II Salter Harris Fracture
Type III Salter-Harris Fracture
Lower or Below
Type IV Salter-Harris Fracture
Two or Through
Type V Salter-Harris Fracture
Erasure of growth plate or Crush
Which signs on x-ray would make you suspicious of child abuse?
-breaks that shouldn't be there based on child's age (ex: femur fractures)
-healing rib fractures
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