Digestive System Diseases
Terms in this set (35)
decreased appetite because of disease or drugs
difficult or painful eating or swallowing.
condition of having a stone form in the salivary gland, becomes lodged in the duct, and blocks the flow of saliva.
indigestion or epigastric pain that may be accompanied by gas
acute or chronic inflammation of the stomach
acute inflammation of the stomach and intestines
gastroesophageal reflux disease/GERD
chronic inflammation and irritation of the esophagus due to reflux of stomach acid back into the esophagus
weakness in the diaphragm, between the abdominal and thoracic cavities that allows the esophagus or stomach to slide through into the thoracic cavity
peptic ulcer disease(PUD)
chronic irritation, burning pain, and erosion of the mucosa to the point of forming an ulcer
abnormal absence of peristalsis in the large and small intestines.
telescoping of one segment of intestine into the lumen of an adjacent segment.
twisting of a loop of intestine around itself or around another segment
inflammation and infection of the appendix
cancerous tumor of the colon; caused by polyps or colitis
area where the mucosa has been forced out through small defects in the wall of the colon
the condition of having multiple diverticula
inflammation and infection of the diverticula sac
bacterial infection caused by an unusual strain of E. Coli
inflammatory bowel disease
IBD; chronic inflammation of various parts of the small and large intestine; cause unknown
chronic inflammation that affects the ileum and colon with areas of inflammation followed by areas of normal mucosa.
irritable bowel syndrome
disorder of the function of the colon, no inflammation
small, fleshy, benign or precancerous growths that arise from the mucosa of the colon
swollen, protruding veins in the rectum (internal) or on the perianal skin.
inability to voluntarily control bowel movements
dark, tarry stools that contain digested blood due to bleeding in the esophagus or stomach
greasy, frothy, and foul-smelling stools that contain undigested fat
abnormal fibrous bands of tissue that form after abdominal surgery.
weakness in the muscles of the abdominal wall that allows loops of intestine to balloon outward
inflammation and infection of the peritoneum
accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, due to liver disease.
chronic, progressive inflammation and finally irreversible degeneration of liver tissue, characterized by nodules and scarring.
inflammation and infection of the liver caused by a virus
enlargement of the liver
acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder due to gallstones
having gallstones in the gallbladder