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World History Chapter 12 Study Guide Answers
Terms in this set (10)
What countries did the following explorers originally come from?
A. Christopher Columbus-
B. Ferdinand Magellan-
C. Vasco Da Gama-
A. Christopher Columbus-Italy/sailed for Spain
B. Ferdinand Magellan-Portugal/sailed for Spain
C. Vasco Da Gama-Portugal/sailed for Portugal
What were the causes of European Exploration?
Desire to spread Christianity
The drive to explore
To compete with other countries
Desire for direct access to valuable Asian spice trade
How did Renaissance values motivate Europeans to begin exploring new lands?
Humanism and other Renaissance values encouraged new exploration.
Why did the Spanish need to turn to Africa for slave labor in the New World?
The natives kept dying from disease and could easily run away
Describe the encounter between Hernán Cortés and the Aztecs
The Spanish scorned the Aztecs' religion and sought to convert them to Christianity
What ended the Seven Years' War?
The Treaty of Paris in 1763
The Portuguese found a trade route through the ________ Ocean to ______.
Indian & Asia
What are some major accomplishments of Vasco da Gama?
He made an expedition to the west coast of India
Describe the European conquests in the Americas. How did Columbus and his men treat the people?
Columbus's men assaulted Taino men and women and claimed their land for Spain
What were some things brought to the Americas from Europe in the Columbian Exchange? Which did the Native Americans adapt?
Horses were brought to the Americas from Europe and the Native Americans began using them
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