What was the most immediate cause of WWI?
The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary.
What were the causes of WW1?
1. Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand
2. Nationalism (Putting the interests of your country above everything and everyone else)
3. Military alliances
What is a military alliance?
When two or more countries agree to support one another if a war begins.
Why did military alliances help cause WW1?
Alliances made countries feel more powerful, and made them do things to anger other countries. Countries also made more weapons tensions increased.
World War 1 as fought for what reason?
As the result of several problems in Eurpoe and military alliances.
When countries are producing more and more weapons in order to be more powerful than their neighboring countries.
What main countries made up the Triple Entente (or Allied Powers)?
France, Russia, Serbia, and Great Britain. (Later, the United States joined the Allied Powers)
What happened in Gallipoli in 1915?
From April 1915 to January 1916, Allies tried to invade the Ottoman Empire.
What happened at the Battle of Verdun?
The Germans made a surprise attack on Verdun, France. Over 300,000 soldiers died, but there was no change in the front line.
Why did the US not have as many people killed as other Allied countries?
The US only fought in the war for about 1 1/2 years. The other countries fought for four and 1/2 years.
Why were there more deaths for the US in the Civil War versus WW1?
1. Everyone who died in the Civil War were US citizens. Other countries fought in WW1.
2. The Civil war was fought for about 5 years. We only fought in WW1 for a year and one-half.
Why did WW1 have the most deaths in a war?
Because a lot of countries were involved and there were weapons like automatic guns that killed more people at once.
Why did the US enter WW1?
Because the Germans had sunk several American civilian ships, including the Lusitania, and the Allies needed our help.
Who were the Big Three of the peace talks?
US President Woodrow Wilson, Britain's Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and France's Premier Georges Clemenceau.
How did North Carolina affect the presence of the US in the war?
In terms of politics (participating in decisions about the war) and economics (factories making supplies and buying war bonds)
Name three enlistment (or training) camps set up for soldiers in NC.
Camp Green, Camp Polk, and Camp Bragg
What industry in NC profited from the war?
Tobacco industry (because more people smoked, working long hours)
Which people in NC were most patriotic?
Country people, but they did not have much money to buy war bonds
Were Blacks drafted to fight?
Yes, Blacks were drafted just like whites and they showed loyalty and support for the war.
Name some things that happened in NC due to the war efforts?
Car owners had to go without gasoline at times, coal ran low, and pecan and walnut shells were collected to make filters for gas masks.
What health crisis hit in 1918 around the world?
The Spanish influenza -- the worst health crisis in NC history.
What were the effects of the war on NC?
NC was richer because farmers got good prices for tobacco and cotton, and factory workers had higher wagees.
What happened when the soldiers came home after the war ended?
There was an economic slump because there was not as much demand for factory goods and there were too many workers so wages dropped.
What happened because wages were cut?
Labor strikes (when workers refuse to work, usually as a protest over some grievances)