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17 terms

Introduction to Plants

STUDY
PLAY
photosynthesis
The process by which plants and some other organisms capture and use light energy to make food from carbon dioxide and water
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism
chloroplast
A plant cell structure in which photosynthesis occurs
vacuole
A large sac-like storage area in a cell
cuticle
The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants
vascular tissue
The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures
fertilization
The joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell
zygote
A fertilized egg
nonvascular plant
A low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue
vascular plant
A plant that has vascular tissue
chlorophyl
A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria
saprophyte
The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores
gametophyte
The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells
rhizoid
A thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant
bog
A wetland where sphagnum moss grows on top of acidic water
peat
Compressed layers of dead sphagnum mosses that accumulate in bogs
frond
The leaf of a fern plant