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The process by which plants and some other organisms capture and use light energy to make food from carbon dioxide and water


A group of similar cells that perform a specific function in an organism


A plant cell structure in which photosynthesis occurs


A large sac-like storage area in a cell


The waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants

vascular tissue

The internal transporting tissue in some plants that is made up of tubelike structures


The joining of a sperm cell and an egg cell


A fertilized egg

nonvascular plant

A low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue

vascular plant

A plant that has vascular tissue


A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria


The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces spores


The stage in the life cycle of a plant in which the plant produces gametes, or sex cells


A thin, rootlike structure that anchors a moss and absorbs water and nutrients for the plant


A wetland where sphagnum moss grows on top of acidic water


Compressed layers of dead sphagnum mosses that accumulate in bogs


The leaf of a fern plant

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