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restored the English monarchy after the Commonwealth; ruled 1660- 1685; the Merry Monarch
Mary & William
queen & daughter of Charles II; William was a Dutch Protestant; Mary replaced the unpopular James II
The Glorious Revolution
Celebrating no bloodshed when William and Mary took the throne from James II
the 1689 Bill of Rights
Act in Parliament allowed the propertied classes to rule through an ELECTED Parliament
the Act of Settlement
In order to prevent the next English monarch from being Catholic, Parliament passed this act stating that they would appoint the next Protestant relative of James I to the monarchy.
the Industrial Revolution
technology developed, factories opened, & people moved from rural areas to form urban cities
the Great Fire of 1666
destroyed 13,000 houses & 88 churches in 4 days; started in a bakery on Pudding Lane
Mrs. Elizabeth Montagu
started a women's book club called the "bluestockings" to have political discussions @ home
the Age of Reason
Emphasized rational thinking& encouraged people to replace emotions with rational thought
lit. that exposes to ridicule the vices or follies of people or societies through devices such as exaggeration, incongruity, parody, reversal, and sarcasm
parents are English, but he was born in Ireland, sent to live with his uncle, could read @ the age of 3, 14 when graduated, became an Anglican priest in Ireland, quit and went back to England- well informed & wrote political pamplets. and hated human's faults
"A Modest Proposal"
Swift's pamphlet that was written to call attention tothe abuses inflicted in Irish Catholics by well-to-do English Protestants; Juvenalian satire
the main weapon of the satirist; a figure of speech in which words are used to ridicule a person or thing by conveying a meaning that is the opposite of what the words say
Didn't speak English; closest Protestant relative to James I; took over throne after Anne's death
satire that mercilessly ridicules; contains scathing, savage remarks about its target
Daniel DeFoe's novel which tells the tale of a shipwrecked man; was published to enormous success in 1719
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