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47 terms

Figurative Language

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Figurative Language
the intentional departure from the normal order, construction or meaning in order to gain strength or freshness
3 types of Figurative language
rhetorical figures, tropes and figures of sounds
rhetorical figures
works keep their literal meanings but their rhetorical pattern change
Rhetorical figures are...
antistrophe, apostrophe, epistrophe and rhetorical questions
Tropes are...
Metaphore, Simile, Hyperbole, Litotes, Personification, Metonymy, Synecdoche, Irony and Symbol
Figures of Sound are...
Alliteration, Assonance, Consonance, Onomatopoeia,
Antistrophe
the order of terms in the first of two parrallel clauses are reversed for the second
Antistrophe example
All for one and one for all
Apostrophe
someone (usually not present) has some abstract quality, or god directly addressed as present
Apostrophe example
The invocation to the muse
Epistrophe
a word or phrase is repeated at the end of several successive lines
Epistrophe example
The truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth
Rhetorical Question
A queston asked for the reason of persuasion
Methaphor
A comparison made between two things that are basically dissimular
Methaphor example
Richard was a lion in battle
Tenor
The idea being expressed or the subject of the comparission
Vehicle
the image by which this idea is conveyed or the subject communicated
Implied metaphor
does not directly tell us that one thing is another different thing
Implied metaphor example
Old age Superbly rising
Dead Metaphor
A metaphor that is used so much that it has lost it force
Simile
the comparison of two unlike things using like or as
Hyperbole
an exageration that is used for emphisis
Litotes
something is said by saying the oppisite usually to make and understatement
Litotes example
She is not bad looking
Personification
and abstract thing or an intanimate object is given human charecteristics
Metonymy
replaces the name of one thing with the name of something else cloesly related to it
Metonymy example...
the pen is mightier than the sword
Synecdoche
substiting the part of something for a person
Synecdoche example
all hands on deck
Irony
the straightforwad statement or event that is determened by its context so as to give it very different significance
3 types of Irony
Verbal Irony, Dramatic Irony and Situational Irony
Verbal Irony
speaker says one thing meaning but means something entirely different
Dramatic Irony
when the reader or audience perceives something that a charecter in the story does not know
Situational Irony
not a figure of speech it is a plot device, a charecter brings around an opposite result
Symbol
stands for something larger
Figures of Sound
emphasis on the repitition of sound
Alliteration
the repition of the initial consanant sound
Assonance
simular vowel sounds that end with different consant sound
Consanance
the repitition of the same consant sound with different vowel sounds
Onomatopoeia
the use of words where the sound suggests the meaning
Rhyme
the exact repitition of sounds
End Rhyme
a rhyme at the end of a line
Internal Rhyme
a rhyme that is in the middle of a line
Slant Rhyme
when the vowels are almost but not exacly the same
Masculine Rhyme
falls to the last syllable of a word or Rhyme
Feminie Rhyme
rhyme falls on the last two syallables of a word
Eye Rhyme
words that look the same and sound differently