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280 terms

Textiles

STUDY
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be innovative
The strength of the domestic textile industry today is in its ability to:
Jobber
Who buys up the products produced that exceeded what you had orders for called?
Mill
A company which owns machinery to produce fabric is a:
Industrial
Fabrics used for luggage would usually be categorized in which end use grouping?
fabrics sold at retail
Over-the-counter sales of fabric are
greige goods, finished fabric
A textile converter buys ________ and converts it to ________ .
False
A filament fiber is a short textile fiber.
the spinnerette
The shape and size of
manufactured fibers are determined by
fiber
The first and smallest building block of a fabric is
select appropriate fabrics for a particular end-use such as a child's dress, draperies, or bed linens.
A fashion buyer or interior designer need textile knowledge to
cross-sectional shape.
A factor that helps determine the "hand" of a fiber is
drape well
Flexibility, as a fiber property, will allow the fiber to
to spring back to shape after being creased or twisted.
Resiliency is a fiber property that allows the fiber
all answers are correct
Static electricity can cause
better cover
A crimped fiber will usually give a fabric ________ than if it were thin and straight.
all answers are correct
Luster of a fabric is significantly affected by the fiber's
Permanently crease retentive
A thermoplastic fiber makes the fabric and garment
true
A triangular shaped fiber will feel harsher and hide soil better than a round fiber.
greater wrinkle resistance
A resilient fiber should help a garment to have
abrasion resistant
A durable fabric usually contains fibers which are
False
A textile fiber can always be identified through the burning test.
weak
Acetate is a _______ fiber.
cotton
Which fiber wrinkles the most?
dissolves the acetate.
Acetone (nail polish remover) can be used to identify an acetate fabric because the acetone
linen
A 100% flax fabric is called
false
Tussah silk is produced from cultivated silk worms.
is stronger wet than dry
Cotton
50% polyester/50% wool
You want a fabric for warm, permanently pleated winter skirts to sell in Chicago. Your best choice would be
are naturally comfortable to the skin; need no special finish
All cotton blouse fabrics
true
Chemical composition is used as the basis for designating generic fiber names.
Draperies
What is the most desirable end-use for glass fibers?
cotton
Lyocell best approximates the characteristics of
excellent
Rayon's absorbency is _____ for a manufactured fiber.
wool
Acrylic is a _____ substitute.
acrylic
You need to select a fiber for an area rug that will be in a sunny entry. Which fiber is the best choice?
has better wet strength
A HWM rayon is superior to a viscose rayon because it
wool
Which fiber "felts" when laundered?
100% acetate
After burning part of a filament fabric, and finding that it smells like burning paper, you apply acetone to the fabric. The fabric dissolves. The fabric is most likely made of
acetate
What was the first thermoplastic fiber on the market?
linen
A 100% flax fabric is called
false
Staple fibers are the basis for making textured yarns.
false
Fabrics made from worsted yarns are softer and generally fuzzier than fabrics made from woolen yarns.
true
Crepe twist yarns are yarns with very high twist.
all of the above
Texturized filament yarns may have
snagging
A potential garment performance problem related to the use of textured polyester yarn fabric is
False
Spun yarns are generally smoother, stronger and more lustrous than filament yarns.
long staple
Combed yarn cotton is spun from fiber which is
True
The word used to describe the size or weight of filament yarns is denier.
Answer
Question 8 answers
novelty
Yarns that have interesting surface effects such as lumps and curls are called ______ yarns.
30 denier yarn
Assuming all else is the same, the yarn that would result in the sheerest polyester chiffon is
Dralon®
You wish to imitate a wool sweater with a manufactured fiber. Which should you buy?
stronger than singles when both are the same size.
A reason for using plied spun yarns instead of singles is
True
When two or more fibers are present in a single-spun yarn, it is called a blended yarn.
nylon/spandex
The combination of fibers you would look for in a "one size fits all" garment to get the best combination of strength and stretch is
false
Textured yarns are generally bright and lustrous.
False
Yarns composed of relatively short lengths of fiber are called novelty yarns.
high twist is stronger.
Comparing yarns of high twist with yarns of low twist, generally you would find that
cotton
Work clothes are best made from
thermoplastic
Most textured yarns are produced from fibers which are
False
Very fine cotton yarns are called carded yarns.
change the filling yarn
The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is
the finished edge of a woven fabric.
Selvage is a term used to describe
shuttleless loom
Which loom will produce fabric the fastest?
interlaced
To make woven fabrics, yarns are
plain
The simplest and most used weave is
increased cost and weight
If all yarns remain the same size, as the picks per inch are increased, you get
True
Ribs are the horizontal ridges in a woven fabric.
plain weave
Rib and basket weaves are variations of the
twill
A weave which produces a diagonal line in the cloth
warp
Lengthwise yarns are known as
small geometric designs woven in
Dobby shirting is a name of a fabric which has
plain weave
Assuming all is equal except the weave, which fabric is the least likely to snag?
a cut warp pile weave
Velvet is an example of
jacquard weave
You want to stock a line of expensive evening jackets, for women, that have an elaborate woven-in design. You would look for a fabric made with a
leno weave
When purchasing an open weave fabric for curtains, the most stable fabric would be made in the
corduroy
The pile weave fabric listed below is
leno weave
Marquisette fabric is made from an open weave in which warp yarns twist around the filling yarns. The name of this weave is
all of the above
Luster in satin fabrics is a result of
two or more warp yarns pass over and under two or more filling yarns
In a basket-weave fabric
all of the above.
Floats in a fabric
plain
The simplest and most used weave is
all of the above.
Floats in a fabric
the finished edge of a woven fabric.
Selvage is a term used to describe
False
Usually the thinner yarns in a woven fabric are the filling yarns.
change the filling yarn
The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is
True
A fabric with a jacquard design used as a tablecloth is damask.
True
Gabardine fabric is usually made with a twill weave.
increased cost and weight
If all yarns remain the same size, as the picks per inch are increased, you get
all of these
Which woven fabric uses yarns to create a ribbed effect?
float
When a yarn passes over two or more adjacent yarns, it is referred to as
True
Mosquito netting fabric is best made with a leno weave.
False
A herringbone design is made with a satin weave.
change the filling yarn
The most rapid and economical change that can be made on a loom is
True
Ribs are the horizontal ridges in a woven fabric.
False
Tapestry is made with dobby designs on a dobby loom.
shuttleless loom
Which loom will produce fabric the fastest?
bias
Fabrics elongate most in which direction?
corduroy
The pile weave fabric listed below is
False
Wale is a term used with velvet fabric.
a cut warp pile weave
Velvet is an example of
wrists and neck openings of sweaters
Rib knits are most commonly used for
tricot
The most rapid textile production is
True
A knit shirt/top made of a cotton rib knit would generally be a heavier fabric with greater stretch than one made of cotton jersey knit.
True
A course in a knit fabric is a horizontal row of stitches.
it is of better quality
Fashion marks on a knitted garment are an indication that
wales, courses
The lengthwise grain in a knit fabric corresponds to the _____, the _____ is the crosswise grain
a and b are both correct
The tuck stitch may be used to
True
Most weft knitting is circular knitting.
True
Knitted stripes in a weft knit fabric are usually horizontal stripes.
False
Jersey fabrics look the same on both sides.
tricot
The knitted fabric most used in lingerie is
raschel
The crochet look currently popular in tops and the thermal knit made for long underwear are both usually made on a _____ knitting machine.
warp knits
Raschel knits are
lace and open fabrics
Raschel knitting can be used to make
True
Tricot fabrics may be recognized by a slightly zigzag/diagonal series of yarns on one side.
the greater wales per inch
The higher the number of the cut in a knit fabric
more stable than weft knits
Warp knits as compared to weft knits are generally
improve stability of knit fabrics
Laid-in yarns in weft and warp knitting
True
Most T-shirts are made from circular knit jersey.
fake fur fabric
Sliver knitting is used to produce
hats
Which of these products would be the most appropriate use for felt fabric?
Schiffli machine
Practically all embroidery sold in the UNited States is machine-made on the
foam laminate
Which of the following structures will provide a greater degree of insulation?
all of the above
Nonwoven materials are important in
leavers machine
While some would argue that real lace must be handmade, which machine was designed to make lace?
all of the above are true.
Felt fabrics
True
Disposable nonwoven wipes are being used in consumer facial care for cleaning and moisterizing.
tufting
Most carpets in the United States are made by
False
When thermoplastic fibers are used to produce nonwoven material, they are usually held together by adhesive.
can be biodegradable and eco-friendly
Nonwoven products
cotton
Solution dyed colors are not possible with
metamerism
A fabric that changes color when subjected to different lighting conditions has a problem called:
pigments
Which class of coloring can be used on any fiber?
piece dyeing
The least expensive method of dyeing listed is
yarn dyeing
The dye method used to produce a green and white plaid pattern in a 100% cotton broadcloth is
stock
Heather effect in a 100% woolen fabric is accomplished by _______ dyeing.
garment
Last minute color decisions are possible when you use ______ dyeing.
True
No single dye class is capable of dyeing all textile fibers.
False
Pigment coloring may be done as fiber, yarn, piece or garment.
False
One difficulty with computer shade matching and dye formulations is that there is no way to control metamerism.
False
Pigment prints and heat transfer prints are practically the same and one would have difficulty in
identifying one from the other.
False
In producing resist prints, fabric is first dyed then printed with a chemical which removes the original color in the pattern area.
False
Pigment (dry) prints should only be dry cleaned, not laundered.
the design is printed onto a white fabric
A direct print is one in which
registration
In a print pattern, getting the colors to match up correctly without distortion or unintended overlap is called
True
Warp prints can be identified because examination of the fabric will reveal that the fabric warp
yarns possess a printed patte
flatbed or automatic screen printing
The method of printing likely to be used to produce a drapery fabric with a large repeat pattern in an exclusive limited production design would be
flock printing
Which print method would best simulate woven dotted swiss?
100% polyester interlock
Heat-transfer printing would be most effective on a fabric made from
heat-transfer printing
The print method that produces the fewest yards of second quality fabric is
the design is printed onto a previously dyed fabric
An overprint is a print where
setting of print colors by steaming
The ageing of prints refers to
100% polyester interlock
Heat-transfer printing would be most effective on a fabric made from
overprinting
Similar effects to discharge printing are obtained by using
the printed design is stiffer than the rest of the fabric
A pigment print is identifiable because
flatbed or automatic screen printing
The method of printing likely to be used to produce a drapery fabric with a large repeat pattern in an exclusive limited production design would be
True
Roller printing is advantageous when large yardage of the same patterns need to be printed.
False
Unlike solid color dyeing, metamerism will not be a problem with the colors in printed designs.
True
Hand screen, automatic flat screen and rotary screen are the three categories of screen printing.
heat-transfer printing
The print method that produces the fewest yards of second quality fabric is
moire
A finish used on faille fabric to give it a water-stained or tree bark appearance is
compressive shrinkage
A finish that would ensure that a 100% cotton woven fabric would not shrink in laundering is
stiffer
Fabrics that are given a resin finish to improve wrinkle resistance have a tendency to become
calender operations
Glazed chintz is produced by
fulling
A finish used on wool fabric that would make it desirable for use in an overcoat is
heat setting
Permanent shrink resistance on thermoplastic fiber fabrics can be achieved by
True
Flame resistant, flame retardant, fire resistant, and fire retardant are all synonymous terms used interchangeably in the textile industry.
False
Residual shrinkage is the continuing shrinkage which occurs each time a garment is laundered or dry cleaned.
True
Foam finishing of fabrics may be done to conserve water, heat energy and reductions in waste disposals.
all of the above
Mercerizing cotton
all of these
Finishes using microcapsules can provide the following effect
manipulating molecular structures
Finishing now uses nano technology to provide certain fabric properties. Define nano technology:
False
Flame resistant finishes must be used on all fabrics used in hospitals.
the fabrics are made from thermoplastic fibers
Permanent embossed finishes can be achieved when
True
Cotton organdy is an example of a finish known as acid stiffening.
True
Ultraviolet-absorbent finishes or fabric provide protection from effects of sunlight.
False
Fabrics marketed under the sanforized trade name have been resin treated and are durable press.
True
A closely woven fabric, usually nylon, with a shiny wet look appearance will have a ciré finish.
True
A chemical finish for softening cotton fabrics involves the application of silicone compounds.
False
Garments with durable-press finishes have better resistance to abrasion than similar garments without durable press.
dry cleaning
Oily soils such as gravy stains and motor oil stains are best removed by
false
Enzyme pre-treatments should be used to remove stains such as coffee, fruit stains, gravey, etc. from wool or silk garments.
vitually no chemical damage to garments occur
With commercial dry cleaning
a and b
Soaps in hard water
insufficient quantity of soap or detergent
Re-deposition is caused by
natural daylight
Fluorescent brighteners used in many packaged soaps are most useful in
oxidation of certain soils, stains, and pigments
The functioning of a bleach accomplishes
contains dissolved calcium or magnesium salts
Hard water
true
Fashion designers should avoid combining heavy-weight and light-weight fabrics in the same garment because they may present later problems in dry cleaning.
true
Practically all dyed or printed fabrics are colorfast to dry cleaning.
True
A push/pull fabric may be constructed of woven or knitted material.
true
Detergents containing phosphates have been banned in some locales because they cause environmental imbalances in sewers and waste streams.
modified polyester that functions as a moisture transport
COOLMAX® is
all of the above
Cold weather insulation fabrics depend on
become stiff and brittle when dry cleaned
Fabrics with a vinyl plastic coating
polystyrene
Which buttons and accessories made from the following material will dissolve in dry cleaning
solvent (perchlorethylene)?
knitted
Polartec® is an insulation fabric that is
completely waterproof and breathable
Gore-tex® is a material
a microdenier batting
Primaloft® is an insulation fabric that is
True
Polypropylene fiber is used as a component in many moisture transport fabrics because of its ability to wick moisture.
False
Naugahyde® is a well known plastic product used to make textile fibers.
True
Nano technology is the science and technology of manipulating molecular structures.
all of these
Which of these is classified as a geotextile application?
chemically grafting hydrophilic molecules to hydrophobic fibers
One method of providing moisture transport capabilities on fibers is
nylon
Which of these is considered a plastic fiber?
calendering process
Vinyl plastic can be made to look like leather by
water molecules are larger than air molecules
Why is Gore-tex® waterproof yet breathable?
can permanently alter fiber properties
Nanotechnology
a hydrophobic fiber yarn next to the skin; a hydrophilic fiber yarn on the next layer.
Push-pull fabrics are
False
Moisture transport fabrics are usually made from cotton.
True
Stitching of components for quilts and comforters may be done by sewing methods or by electronic welding.
fastness to sunlight
An important property of drapery fabrics is
True
Shag carpet is characterized by its Iona pile yarns which lie down rather than stand erect.
False
Carpeting can be woven or tufted, but not knitted.
flammability
A mandatory federal regulation requires that carpeting meet specific minimum standards for
leno weave
A common construction for window casement cloth would be
the fabric length may be used horizontally in pattern repeat without seaming (on a sofa, for example)
Railroading a pattern means
False
The primary reason for not using wool as a carpet fiber is that it cannot be made permanently moth-proof.
must obtain up-to-date pertinent fire code standards for the local installation area
An interior designer selecting carpeting for a commercial (contract) installation
True
Frieze is the name of a fabric and also the name of a particular carpet pile.
types of woven carpet
Wilton and Axminster carpets are
True
Fabrics used for upholstery should meet certain prescribed standards for seam slippage.
True
A coating latex applied to the carpet back provides dimensional stability.
nylon
Which of the following fibers would be inappropriate for an unlined drapery?
fabric design or pattern
Flamestitch is the name of a
False
Anti-static properties in carpeting can never be made permanent. Frequent renewal is therefore required.
False
A carpet padding has no effect on the durability of a carpet.
damask
A widely used jacquard woven fabric for dining room table cloths is called
solution dyed
Fabrics made from acetate when used for curtains should be
False
Upholstery fabrics can never be made flame resistant unless the fiber is inherently fire-retardant.
fiber crimp
A factor that improves covering power is
the abrasion resistance will be reduced
What would be the result if the filling yarns of a 100% cotton plain-weave fabric are replaced with slub novelty yarns of similar weight?
high yarns per inch
Which factor in fabric construction which would increase the resistance to abrasion
True
A pick glass will help in a clearer examination of fabrics.
tightly twisted yarns reduce flammability
Which of the following statements is true?
True
A six ounce per square yard fabric would probably be used for pants (bottom-weight).
False
A 100 x 70 fabric should be weaker than a comparable 80 ⋅ 60 fabric.
True
One designation used to express fabric weight is linear yards per pound.
False
A napped (brushed) fabric will prbably provide less insulation than if it were not napped.
False
A woven fabric with flat yarns will probably have poorer cover than a comparably made fabric with thin, round yarns.
jersey knit
A fabric normally tested for bursting strengths:
all answers correct
Reasons for fluctuations in the data when testing a textile material include
used to verify a product's claim
Independent textile testing laboratories are
piece dyed fabrics used for upholstery
Colorfastness to crocking is especially important for
gauze
A fabric with high tear strength and low breaking strength
provides excellent results
The wear test
all of the above
Textile product testing is expanding because of
acetate
Fiber with which there is a major colorfastness to gas fading problem
brushed polyester sweater
The fabric on which pills are more likely to occur:
all of the above
Difficulties in making direct correlations between textile tests and fabric end use include:
all of the above
Substances that are detrimental to the environment can contaminate
all answers correct
Information and responsibility regarding sustainable fashion flows
True
Cleaning products that meet Eco Logo and Green Seal safety standards are encouraged to be used.
Probably causes little or no harm to the environment
A product that is labeled "environmentally friendly."
False
Majority of shoppers are influenced mainly by sustainability and not color and style.
dry cleaning solvent
Product usually recycled
False
Very few countries grow organic cotton.
True
Safety regulations require workers in some areas of a mill or plant to wear acoustical protection.
none of these is true
Recycling
True
The Consumer Product Safety Commission is responsible for flammability standards of textile
Cotton flannelette
Which fabrication is the best choice to make men's pajamas for Christmas?
Better cover
A crimped fiber will usually give a fabric ______ than if it were thin and straight.
Cotton flannelette
Which fabrication has warmth achieved through its method of construction?
Abrasion resistant
A durable fabric usually contains fibers which are
Finishing
What do suede and flannel have in common?
the abrasion resistance will be reduced
If the filling yarns of 100% cotton plain-weave fabric are replaced with slub novelty yarns of similar weight.
Nylon tufted pile
You make carpeting at popular prices, which fabrication do you use?
Blanket
Which item would most likely be constructed from staple yarns?
Nylon/spandex filling knit
If you manufactured bathing suits, which fabrication would you use?
The spinnerette
The shape and size of manufactured fibers are determined by
False
According to TFPIA, Asia could be the country of origin for an imported garment.
applies to almost all apparel products
The Care Labeling Act
an infant's pajamas
The Flammable Fabrics Act specifies that the item that must be made flame retardent is
gloves
Which is automatically exempt from the requirements of the Permanent Care Label Act?
the use of a sewn-in label would detract from the appearance of the blouse
A manufacturer of a sheer blouse might request an exemption under the Care Labeling Act for the following reason
False
According to TFPIA, "pima cotton" can be included on the label but "solution-dyed acetate" can not.
manufacturer
The Flammable Fabrics Act places the testing responsibility upon the
garment manufacturer
Who is responsible for the accuracy of a care label?
is a federal law that applies to most apparel and home furnishings products
The Flammable Fabrics Act
60% acetate, 40% wool
Which of these labels is correct?