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HUSR 201 exam 3
Terms in this set (70)
What are the signs of physical abuse of children?
when children are hit, burned, grabbed, choked , or punished in any sort of way that leaves visible marks such as bruises, scars, welts, or broken bones.
When an adult engages in finger penetration on a child it is called ?
What are signs of general neglect?
when parents fail to provide for a child's basic needs (food, shelter, clothes, medical care, supervision)
What is the statistics regarding the prevalence of reported child abuse case?
-In 2011: 1,570 children died from abuse and neglect.
-3.4 million referrals of child abuse.
-Children under the age of 3 are most vulnerable.
Abusive parents often have ___________________
Lack of impulse control and anger issues
KNOW the first step when a child abuse report is filed
The first step is to assess whether a child is in immediate danger. Such factors as the age and location of a child and the type of abuse determine how soon an emergency worker responds to any given case.
What does secondary intervention for abused children focus on?
This intervention deals with psychological trauma via counseling for children and parents; parenting classes, drug abuse treatment, support groups- safe reunification goal.
A permanent group home for an abused child is what type of intervention?
Know about child obesity?
-Body mass index is above the 95th percentile.
-In 2010 more than one third of U.S. children/adolescents were overweight or obese.
- older and poorer highest increase : poorer quality of food consumed, decrease in exercise, increased time playing video games and watching tv.
-Risks associated with obesity include: diabetes, cardiovascular problems, increased cancer risk, bullying, isolation, and obesity in adulthood.
Has child obesity increased or decreased and by how much?
Childhood obesity has more than doubled in the past 30 years.
Why is "Adolescence" a challenging and stressful time?
Adolescence is a challenging and stressful time because of biological and hormonal changes, brain maturation, moral challenges, increased independence, identity development, and the development of new relationships.
How many U.S. youth are in gangs?
In 2010: 756,000 youth were in over 29,000 gangs.
When a teen child of 15yrs old gets pregnant what are the risks?
-Dropping out of high school.
-Dependent on welfare throughout their lives.
-Abusing drugs and alcohol.
-Becoming victims of domestic violence.
-Abusing their children.
What is the percentage of teens not usuing birth control in the U.S.?
77% didn't use birth control
Why do teens often runaway?
- use drugs freely
- commit crimes
- experience freedom glories
- economic problems of family
Suicide in teens has the lowest rate than other age groups. TRUE/FALSE?
What do adolescents need?
What is Tertiary intervention for teens involved with gang activities?
-revolving door incarceration in juvenile hall (teach how to function outside gang)
- job training
- continuing education
What is a sign of senescence?
changes in muscle mass, fat tissue, skin, hair, nails, hearing, vision, taste, smell, lung capacity, sleep patterns
What is the percentage of adults over the age of 70 having at least one chronic condition? Know what the iceberg effect of elder abuse refer to
know what the iceberg effect of elder abuse refer to
The that only a small portion of elder abuse is ever reported.
Know what Fiduciary abuse refers to.
Alcohol abuse in elderly population is a hidden problem. TRUE/FALSE?
Just over 3 million U.S. seniors age 65 and older live below the poverty line. TRUE/FALSE?
What determines if someone is a frail elderly?
- someone is a frail elderly if they have difficulty meeting:
~their basic needs especially if they are suffering from illness or physical disabilities
~ require daily assistance with their activities of daily living (ADL)
~ depend on others to supplement their income as they don't have enough money to support their needs themselves
~ can no longer work so they rely on retirement, savings, and family financial assistance
~ need transportation assistance to doctors and pharmacies
Is Alzheimer's Disease part of aging ? TRUE/FALSE?
Senior centers funded by local cities are an example of:
primary prevention for the elderly
Define a mental disorder
a clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern that occurs in an individual and that is associated with present distress or disability or with a significantly increased risk of suffering death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom.
About one in four adults suffer from a diagnosable disorder TRUE/FALSE?
Which disorder is most likely due to biological factors
- bipolar disorder
- panic disorder
When are people considered poor?
when they are unable to meet basic needs of living economically, underemployed, & unemployed.
Which type of prevention is least likely to be available for those with mental disorders
Support can include what?
-Support includes having a clean, safe place to live;
-enough food to feed each family member at least twice a day;
-clothes that are appropriate for the climate
-Able to pay for health, dental care, and children's school supplies.
Know the poverty guideline of a family of 4
as of 2013: family of 4 below $23,550 per year
Has poverty rates in the U.S. decreased since the 1950's?
yes, from 22.4% to 15.1% in 2011
What is the cause of poverty?
- cycle of poverty
- racism, sexism, ageism
- underemployed & unemployed
- substance abuse
Who is not considered part of the deserving poor?
-The so-called deserving poor are children, elderly, and the disabled that usually receive government funding directly.
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance program is:
This is a food program for low-income families and individuals.
Homeless shelters programs are:
-Provides food and shelter for homeless.
-Extending the number of days people can stay.
-Offers job training and group counseling.
Scared Straight is which type of program?
primary prevention for at risk teens
Who is most likely to receive services from regional centers?
many individuals who have been disabled since birth
Know the purpose of the ADA
- Americans with disabilities act: protects and preserves the rights of people with disabilities, especially in the workplace and within institutional settings.
- an act to prohibit discrimination based on a disability
Human service workers would most likely work with which type of perpetrator?
Human service workers play a large role in working with first-time offenders and juveniles and family crimes (domestic violence, child abuse).
What is probation common for?
Probation is one common intervention for first-time offenders and juveniles.
Know about the use of mind altering substances
-The use of mind-altering substances has been part of human behavior ever since man first discovered that certain plants induce euphoric states.
-It is widely known that opium was smked thousands of years ago by ancient civilizations, such as the Chinese and Egyptians.
What are causes of substance abuse?
1) May be a genetic predisposition
2) Social factors: peer pressure, media, communities
3) It feels good.
4.) once hooked, it's primarily biological w/ psychological aspects
Physical withdrawal is not a criterion for substance abuse. TRUE/FALSE?
Heroin is most likely to be addicting. TRUE/FALSE?
12 step is a secondary intervention. TRUE/FALSE?
false , tertiary intervention
What is the goal for those who drink chronically?
For those who drink chronically, the goal is complete abstinence from alcohol.
What is the % of women being raped by their intimate partner?
Feminists believe that women are battered because:
-Society permits it and society portrays women as victims and men as aggressors.
- punishment for domestic violence is not severe enough to deter it
Know examples of an emergency intervention for battered women?
-Battered women's shelters
- hospital E.R.
Know the cycle of violence and each stage ?
PHASE 1 : Tension Building
- victim feels the need to placate the abuser
- victim feels like (s)he is "walking on eggshells"
- children will try to do anything to prevent future abusive behavior, may blame themselves or the adult victim for not preventing the abuse
- minor incidents begin (jealousy, blaming )
PHASE 2 : Violent episode
- abuse occurs
- verbal, emotional , physical, or sexual
- can last for any amount of time
- the violent episode can have several cycles of abuse within the stage
PHASE 3: "honeymoon" manipulative courting/ calm
- abuser may apologize
- abuser may make promises to change or may blame the victim/ children/ alcohol/ drugs
- gifts may be given
- the attitude change instills, HOPE that things will change
Know what military assault is
-Unique situation: socio-political aspects of the relationship between victim and perpetrator
-Similar to acquaintance rape
-Reporting of sexual assault has grown from 2,223 in 2007 to 2,732 in 2011.
-Drugged and raped during basic training
-Being fired for being raped
-Diagnosed with personality disorder for failing to adjust adequatelyto rape
What are the appropriate interventions for those with military sexual trauma? Know about rape survivors
-IN EARLY STAGES
-TALKING WITH OTHERS: COMMUNITY SUPPORT/ADVOCACY GROUPS
-COGNITIVE THERAPY TO HELP REDUCE FEELINGS OF GUILT, SHAME AND WEAKNESS
-ACKNOWLEDGE THAT THE PERPETRATOR'S BEHAVIOR IS UNACCEPTABLE AND NOT VICTIM'S FAULT
-EMDR/DEALING WITH PTSD
Define AIDS and what the name stands for
-AIDS : Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
-human immunodeficiency virus
- virus has invaded the body and disrupted the immune system so that it can't protect the body from various dead infections, like cancer or pneumonia.
What might be an issue facing someone newly diagnosed with HIV
-Sometimes, when people discover they are HIV positive or have contracted a life-threatening disease that may lead to a lot pain, they try to kill themselves rather than wait for the disease to kill them.
Issues facing LQBTQ
-rise of queer studies: explore how heterosexism, heteronormativity, transphobia intersect and collide with national, ethnic, racial, class
-grapple with issues of diversity, gender, sexuality and social justice.
-an approach to literary and cultural study that rejects traditional categories of gender and sexuality
Nation LGBTQ Changes
-U.S. Supreme court declared that same-sex marriage would receive same privileges as traditional marriage when federal laws are involved
-President obamasigned into law the repeal of military policy, don't ask don't tell. Permits those serving in the military to be openly gay
-However, individual attitudes don't change as quickly as laws and broader social mores.
with whom one feels sexual desire and seeks romantic/emotional relationships
one who experiences self socially, emotionally, & psychologically as opposite of biological sex
: person see's self as not fitting into normative gender or sexual orientation defintions
person who is unaware of his or her homosexuality or chooses to keep it private
fear (often expressed as hatred) of homosexuality
bias for heterosexuals and/or against homosexuals
issues facing LGBTQ community
- LGBTQ elders: due to institutionalized heterosexism, fail to access adequate health care, housing or social services
-Lack family support
-Social security may not apply to same-sex life partners.
-Social isolation and ageism in LGBTQ community
people of color
-Subjected to disadvantage for being black and gay
-May face homophobia in own black community
-May face racism in lgbtq community
-Homophobia in black communities makes it difficult to live openly gay
-High religiosity, lack of tolerance
-Research tends to focus on white gay men from urban areas, lack research with women, people of color, low-income and those living in rural areas.
-Coming out can lead to depression, anxiety and suicide
Intervention with LGBTQ persons
-Support groups for coming out
-Support groups for those with hiv/aids
-Advocacy to ensure discrimination doesn't affect opportunities
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