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17 terms

homework 3. 2nd qut.

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binomial nomenclature
word naming system that Linnaeus developed to identify species.
class
is a taxon of similar orders.
classification
the grouping of objects or information based on similarities.
division
plant taxonomists use this instead of phylum
family
the next larger taxon in the biological classification system, consists of a group of similar genera.
genus
consists of a group of similar species.
kingdom
is a taxon of similar phyla or divisions.
order
is a taxon of similar families.
phylum
is a taxon of similar classes.
specific epithet
describes a characteristic of the organism.
taxonomy
is the branch of biology that groups and names organisms based on studies of their characteristics.
cladistics
a biological system of classification that is based on phylogeny is this.
cladogram
Biologists identify a group's derived traits and use them to make a branching diagram called this
eubacteria
have very strong cell walls and a less complex genetic makeup than found in archaebacteria or eukaryotes.
fungus
is either a unicellular or multicellular eukaryote that absorbs nutrients from organic materials in the environment.
phylogeny
the evolutionary history of a species is called this.
protist
is a eukaryote that lacks complex organ systems and lives in moist environments.