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Terms in this set (141)
In the rumen fermentation, are included the synthesis of all of these components, except?
The perception of food by visual or taste senses causes the liberation of one hormone in the stomach, which one is that hormone?
Allo-enzymatic animals are those who:
digestion is accomplished in part by enzymes produced by microbes in the gut
In the foregut fermenters animals, the gastric stomach is
In auto-enzymatic animals, the stomach is divided in:
esophageal, cardiac, fundus and pyloric regions
The main absorption of nutrients in Auto-enzymatic animals takes place where?
Most in the surface of the villi
The main digestive function of the hindgut is?
Absorption of water and electrolytes
The Gizzard in birds have the function of?
Particle size reduction
Which is the essential amino-acid that is needed to have in a cat diet in good amount?
Some animals can do the Caecotrophy, what is the main benefit of it to the animal?
Obtaining some Vitamin B that was excreted
About the stomach ulcers that can be caused by Helicobacter pylori, this bacteria can survive in the stomach due to the capacity of this bacteria to secrete:
In the alternatives below, mark one that just has Foregut fermenters animals.
Cow and Alpaca
In the alternatives below, mark one that just has monogastric animals.
Swine and Chicken
Some frugivores animals lost in the evolution, the capacity to synthesize which vitamin?
Ascorbic Acid (Vit C)
Concentrate selectors animals are ones that prefer to eat?
consume plants high in starch, protein, and lipids
In a simple sentence, how Auto-enzymatic digesters could be defined?
They produce the digestive enzymes in the body
Pseudo-Ruminants animals have the stomach divided as:
Rumen, Omaso, Abomaso
The true gastric stomach in birds is?
In the alternatives below, mark one that just has Herbivores animals.
Llama and Cow
In the auto-enzymatic animals the acid pH in the stomach can help to??
a. all above are correct
b. Causes hydrolyzes of polysaccharides
c. Sterilizes the stomach content
d. Causes the hydrolyzes of proteins
e. Kill all bacteria consumed with the food
About Hibernation, mark the correct answer?
Hibernation is a behaviour to avoiding winter-feed scarcity
The denomination, Type1, Type 2, Gestational, and Secondary are a reference to which disease???
One of the factors that can produce KETOSIS in Allo-enzymatic animals is the low production of VFA, which one when in low production can cause this metabolic disease???
The disease of Metabolic Syndrome are characterized by, except??? Mark the wrong answer.
Low blood cells count, anemia
What is the major factor that regulates forage intake in herbivores?
Neutral detergent fiber
Correlated with factors that can affect the feed intake of the animals, are correct to say, Except?? Mark one that is NOT correct.
Carnivores animals have a special preference for sweet taste feeds
Which one alternative can be a sign of Diabetes in the animal??
Thirst and hunger
Diseases correlated with energy metabolism in humans and animals are?
Metabolic Syndrome and Equine Metabolic Syndrome
As the environmental temperature reduce, the feed intake will increase in homeothermic animals
In the model of Paleolithic diets, the majority of the food was?
Large feed intake of meat and fibers
Normally small animals have high metabolic ratio then big animals
Use the words below to complete the sentence.
Ketosis is a _____________________________.
Ketosis develops due the insufficient of __________________________.
Ketosis in dairy cattle occurs in the early stage of ___________________________.
Metabolic disease, Glucose, Lactation
This animal is a bird, but have the good ability to do fiber fermentation in the ceca, this animal could be a ?
How much weight approximately should be a swine at the market age in pounds?
About layer hens, how much should be the CP in a developer feed???
What could be the biggest problem in the piglet weaning, due to the transition from liquid to solid diets?
How much protein should a starter feed for turkeys have?
Which offspring of birds can be considered altricials?
In the birds, the symptoms of muscular dystrophy and encephalomalacia could be due a lack of??
In birds, when a corn -soy diet are used, which one is the first limiting amino-acid ?
How much was the per-capita intake of chicken meat in US in 2018 ?
In the beef cow production farm, the calving interval is something very important for the farmer, why this is very important??
To be economically efficient each female should have one calf every year
Why rabbits does cecotrophy?
to absorb some vitamin B
Talking about the world production of Merino Wool, we can say that is true?
Australia is the biggest producer
Sulfur amino-acid donors sources should be increase wool production according of researchers from Australia. Which amino-acids we should supplements in the diet to increase wool production in sheep?
The energy levels in a typical rabbit diet are quite low, this levels should be around how much?
2,400 - 2,800 kcal/kg
Due the high content of water in the milk, dairy cows have a big demand for water every day. How much percent of water we can expect to find in a regular milk?
DMI in dairy cows are very correlated with the intake of a special nutrient, which one is that nutrient??
The deficiency and toxicity of this specific vitamin can cause in rabbits some reproductive problems, this vitamin is?
Lamb should receive colostrum after born. When the newborn should receive the colostrum??
first hour after born
Typically a band of sheep will be consist of how many animals??
1,000 sheep and a bit more
In correlation to DMI, what is a " Benchmark to evaluate the farmer nutritional program" in dairy cows?
2 lbs of milk/ 1 lb of DMI.
When a fur-bearing animals are fed with marine-fish, these animals can develop some deficiency of a specific mineral, and this can cause alteration in the fur quality. Which one is that mineral?
In dairy cows, two amino-acids have been identified as a limitant for milk production, which AA are this?
Methionine and Lysine
How much nitrogen (%) can be found in 100 grams of protein??
Ewes that delivery twins, should produce more milk then ones that just delivery one lamb. In twin delivery, the increase of milk production from these ewes should be around?
In correlation of lipid peroxidation, choose one alternative that is correct
Peroxidation occur when lipids are exposed to oxygen
In the fur production industry, there is and state in the pelt that is considered to be in time to harvest, and they call it to be in "Prime Stage"? In which phase of the hair development this stage are reached?
These vitamins, normally don't need to be supplemented in dairy cows due the rumen fermentation. Which are the vitamins?
Vitamin from B Group (& Vitamin K)
Talking about high levels and the richness of this ingredient in the diets of rabbits, and knowing that rabbits are not very well adapted to that ingredient, and digest it very poorly. What kind of major ingredient in that in the feed I am talking about ?
high energy levels, high fiber levels
What is RICKETS ??
Spongy, poorly mineralized bones.
Why is urea used in beef cow production?
can be a good source of nitrogen
Because Methane has to be eliminated from the rumen by eructation, this represents a loss in energy, that loss can be around which value??
Which group of amino-acids are the main important in swine nutrition?
Lysine, Methionine, Tryptophan, and Threonine
Talking about Energy partition in the process of energy metabolism. Some energy is directed to some specific utilization in the animal body metabolism and production. About the faction of energy that animals can utilize, is it correct to say that?
The net energy is always reduced in correlation to total metabolizable energy due to body heat increment
Which one alternative below, in the past was referred to as a "Fertility Vitamin"?
The mineral calcium is one of the most important minerals in the metabolism of humans and animals. Calcium is correlated with some of the process described below, except?? ( mark the wrong alternative).
Release of thyroid hormones to the blood.
Talking about Amino-acids, why Lysine is used to balance all others amino-acids in a diet? Mark the wrong sentence.
Lysine is the most available amino acid in feed ingredients.
Which type of fat could be the precursor of Vitamin D, Bile acids, Sex Hormones, and Corticosterone?
About the "Greenhouse effect", the Agriculture are accused to produce a lot of methane, around how much are this methane produced?
Fat-soluble vitamins are???
A, K, E
About the emulsification process, we can affirm that: Mark one alternative.
With the help of emulsification and micelle formation monogastric animals can absorb the fat from diet
In correlation of Amino- acids, and Proteins, the limiting amino-acids are?
Threonine, Lysine, Tryptophan, and Methionine
With the nutritional insufficiency of this vitamin, birds can have encephalomalacia, and swine can show some exudative diatheses, which vitamin is that?
In the alternatives below, mark one that just has essential amino-acids
Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine
In the cellular metabolism of CHO, in Auto-enzymatic animals, three complex B vitamin are required, these three vitamins are??
Niacin, Thiamin, Pantothenic Acid
In the metabolism of fat, the liver has a central role in that process, with the functions of??
a. Facilitate the digestion and absorption by bile secretion
b. Convert fatty acids in ketone bodies
c. Is involved in the synthesis and catabolism of lipoproteins
d. Synthesizes and oxidizes fatty acids
e. All alternatives are correct
Talking about Allo-enzymatic digesters animals and lipids, how those animals metabolize lipids? (mark the correct sentence)
Some lipids can be very toxic to the rumen bacterias
These are functions of water to animals, except ?
Keep the heart function
If I have 10 grams of glucose, 10 grams of protein, and 5 grams of lipids, how many grams of metabolic water can be produced during the metabolism of these amounts of nutrients??
15.2 grams of water
The Kjeldahl procedure can measure nitrogen. After knowing the amount of nitrogen in the substance, this will be multiplied by a factor to estimate the content of protein in the substance. How much is that factor??
Concentrate selectors animals are ones that prefer to eat? Select one answer.
consume plants high in starch, protein, and lipids
In the alternatives below, choose one that just includes a polar amino-acids?
Volatile fatty acids in Allo-enzymatic animals are very important in their metabolism, the VFA's are the main source of?
The main source of energy for metabolism
In correlation to the ways that animals can lose water, mark the sentence that is not correct.
All animals can lost around 80% of water with skin evaporation
The digestion of starch can start in the mouth in some animals, Which animal can do that?
ese elements above can act as antioxidant in the animals' systems, except??
Water sources for animals are, except?
The water originated from the sweat
In relation to the body size, a Mouse should eat more than a Camel every day
Mark the true affirmative. Elephants' feed intake is correlated with body size and metabolism.
Which of the tastes is expected NOT to be preferable by strict carnivores?
In a very efficient dairy farm, the calving interval should be at least?
When you present a new kind of feed to an animal, neophobia can happen
About Glycemic Index, are important aspects, except ??
The time and the amount of feed ingested
About a factor that can disturb the reproduction in humans and animals. Mark the correct alternative, just one.
Phyto-estrogens may inhibit the release of gonadotropic hormones from pituitary
In the fever response in the animal when having an infection of a pathogen, the increase in energy expenditure could be around how much in %? Mark just one answer.
10 - 15%
Many plants can contain goitrogens, that will reduce the uptake of a specific mineral in the body, which mineral is this?
About Vitamin A and reproduction is true that? Mark just one correct alternative.
a. Vitamin A is an essential element for reproductive function
b. Vitamin A deficiency will result in a weak offspring in most species
c. Vitamin A can have effects in the uterine development in most of the animals
d. All alternatives are correct about Vitamin A
e. Vitamin A is very important for the steroidogenesis
The mineral Selenium and Vitamin E, plays an important role in the immune response defense in the immunological system to protect the animal against a pathogen. Whats is the most activity action of this Mineral and Vitamin?
Both have a very good antioxidant activity in the tissues
Which one is called a "Sunshine Vitamin"?
How much metabolize energy (ME), we need to have in the feed of swines from 3 up to 120 kg?
Vaccines are a good example of??
Talking about bone growth, we can affirm that? Mark one alternative correct.
As cartilage grows, minerals are deposited to form the bone
About reproduction, is true that? Mark one correct alternative.
Nutrients that are very correlated with energy metabolism, when in deficiency, can impair the reproductive physiology mechanism
In the Innate/Natural Immunity response, the second line of defense are? Mark only one alternative.
Bones are a very important place of storage in the body for which substance?
Calcium and Phosphorus
What is the mainly way that swines can lose some good amount of water?
Alfalfa hay is a very important ingredient in horse nutrition. How much of CP we can expect from this feedstuff?
About dog and cat pet food, we can say that the generic food is?
Lowest cost in the market.
The NRC has a recommended allowance of protein requirements to cat and dogs, based in g/1000 kcal, these values are respectively?
50 and 25 g
In the estrus cycle, which phase the female are receptive to the male?
What is the advantage to feed Beef Cattle with grains??
will reach slaughter age earlier, will be feasible to feed due low cost
Hyperparathyroidism in horses can be caused by the imbalance of calcium in relation to another mineral. Which one is that other mineral in that relationship?
Due to the rapid growth rate of baby pig, and low placental transfer during the gestation period, which mineral is essential to be supplied to the piglet after born?
Pets animals are estimated to be around 100 million in the US, based on that is true to say?
Fish is the most numerous pets in the US.
Mink and Foxes are used for fur production, they are by nature??
Koalas and Giant Pandas are good examples of the relationship with an animal and the restrictions of a habitat. These two animals have a huge dependence on two vegetable sources to survive. Which plants these animals (Koalas and Pandas) are dependent on, respectively?
Eucalyptus and Bamboo.
Why is more difficult to evaluate the DE in cows??
due the losses of gas
The calcium requirement in layer diet hens are around how much percent?
Broodmares and young horses in development. have an increased requirement of two trace minerals, which one are these trace minerals?
Cooper and Zinc
Since horses are not ruminants, how the horse digestive physiology system can be classified as?
If a cat diet does not have this nutrient in every meal, the cat can have episodes of vomiting, ataxia, and tetanic spasms. Which one is that nutrient?
Talking about fish feed conversion, we can say that is true?
Fish are more efficient in feed conversion than chicken
In a cat diet, there is a specific free amino-acid that should be in the cat diet, if this is not included, the cat can be blind or have heart failure. Which free amino-acid is this?
Fur can be in different colors. Which amino-acid is correlated which the color of the fur?
Talking about fish macronutrient digestion, we can say that?
Protein are used more efficiently to provide energy to the fish.
Some research data correlated with amino-acid requirements to Mink and Foxes, for fur production, have been show that there is a limitant amino-acid in the fur development. Which one is that amino-acid?
Talking about reproduction cycles, which of these animals has a diestrus cycle?
The development of the winter coat in fur animals, are due the action of an specific hormone. Which hormone is it?
Protein percentage in horse feed, normally have a range of variation from?
Talking about vitamins, which one in swine nutrition can interfere with the blood clotting mechanism?
Is it true to say?
The African continent showed a higher growth rate in pet food market.
Why in cold weather situation, the low-quality forage will be better choice to cows?
Will help to produce more heat in the rumen
About plasma glucose in horses, we can affirm that?
It is higher in the horse than in allo-enzymatic animals.
Knowing that a dog of 40 lbs will need around 40 ounces a day of water, and a cat with 10 lbs will need around 10 ounces of water a day. If a person have a dog with 50 lbs and 2 cats weighting each one 12 lbs, how much water should be the minimum available to these animals every day?
The energy-protein ratios is a very important balance in horse nutrition. One amino-acid can also be used in that ratio with energy levels, instead of to use protein. Which amino-acid is this?
Fish have a specific requirement of that vitamin for the synthesis of connective tissue, which one is that vitamin??
Two very important minerals are very required in Beef Cow production, they are?
Phosphorus and Calcium
Salmonids, will prefer the temperature of the water around?
10-15 degree Celsius
About the population of dogs in the US, we can affirm that?
In Washington State, dogs are more popular than cats.
This specific ingredient in a swine diet can increase the energy intake, palatability reduces dust and the wear of the feeding equipment, name it?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ANS 415 Quiz 2
ANS 415 - Exam 2
ANS 415 - Exam 3
PO 415: Quiz 3 & 4
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